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RESOURCES: PAPERS & PRESENTATIONS

Author : Wolfgang Strasdas
School/Work Place : Eberswalde University for Sustainable Development, Germany
Contact : wolfgang.strasdas@hnee.de
Year : 2012

Nature-based tourism is a form of travel that is often believed to lend itself more to sustainable development than other tourism segments. In fact, the concept of ecotourism – defined as nature tourism that is sustainable – was developed in the 1990s not only to minimize negative impacts, but also as a means to actively support biodiversity conservation and generate income for rural communities. But what about nature-based tourism and climate change? This aspect is conspicuously absent from the idea of ecotourism which tends to focus on the destinations while neglecting how to get there and back (Strasdas 2005). Overall in tourism, transportation is responsible for the largest share of greenhouse gas emissions of a given trip, even if it is domestic. For long-haul travel transport is by far the predominant source of emissions (UNWTO/UNEP 2008).

Since pristine natural attractions tend to be remote and difficult to access, thus increasing distances and transportation needs, it may be hypothesized that this tourism segment produces even higher emissions than mainstream tourism. So far, there are very few studies that have specifically dealt with the climate impact of nature tourism. One such study from New Zealand has, in fact, confirmed this hypothesis early on (Simmons/Becken 2004). Two more recent studies have also shown the extremely high climate footprint of tourism to the Polar Regions (Dawson et al. 2010, Eijgelaar et al. 2010). In spite of this, and not any different from the tourism industry in general, the ecotourism community does not appear to have significantly responded to the transportation challenge during the past years, with the exception of local measures (accommodation, local transport) to save energy and increase the share of renewable energy sources.


List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
414 Think Tank V Discussion on Extended Validity of an Alternative Fram... file 152119 Oct 13, 2013

The risk management of tourism as an industry involves quantification of unprecedented, unlikely but possible negative exogenous event to the region. The objective of this paper is to discuss further on an alternative quantitative method to ...

Author: Tadayuki Hara 

Year: 2005 

413 Think Tank VI Ecotourism and Environmental Education: Opportunities ... file 136438 Oct 13, 2013

Ecotourism, which typically involves nature-based tourism, plays an increasing role in today's environmental management. As environmental conservation has, in many cases, suffered from a limited budget, funding ecotourism is perceived as a w...

Author: Aphirom Promchanya 

Year: 2006 

412 Think Tank VIII Enhancing the Quality of Life through Cultural Events:... file 102921 Oct 13, 2013

The Wadden Sea Festival in Denmark is based on the idea of integrating the coastal environment in the presentation of contemporary art. Specifically, unique tidal differences are utilized to stage a range of performances. The Wadden Sea Fest...

Author: Janne J. Liburd & Anja Hergesell 

Year: 2008 

411 Think Tank VIII Moving from Destination Marketing to Destination Manag... file 67884 Oct 13, 2013

This paper provides a case study of how a tourism organisation has interpreted the change from a ‘marketing’ to a ‘management’ approach in destination development. It begins by looking at what the literature has said about destination manag...

Author: David Foster 

Year: 2008 

410 Think Tank VI Corporate Social Responsibility in the Catalan hospita... file 51667 Oct 13, 2013

The practices of CSR have attracted the attention of the investigators, who have prepared a great diversity of theories and the international organisms, which have done recommendations, so that the companies have added them in their strategi...

Author: Ramon Palau 

Year: 2006 

409 Think Tank XIV Tropical Communities as Resources for Tourism or Touri... file 48169 Jun 26, 2014

The purpose of this paper is to review the barriers to sustainable tourism development faced by rural and developing regions and to explore the notion of tourism and its potential contribution to community well-being, with a focus on Flora’s...

Author: Laurie Murphy, Gianna Moscardo & Anna Blackman 

Year: 2014 

408 Think Tank VI Ethical Issues in Collaboration in the Aviation Industry file 39072 Oct 13, 2013

The aviation industry is a critical element of any tourism system, and has several secondary effects – a source of employment and foreign exchange earnings. A ‘national carrier’ is also a symbol of the country, a source of pride amongst the ...

Author: Ravi Ravinder 

Year: 2006 

407 Think Tank XVII Product innovation in route-based tourism: Interactive... file 35260 Aug 17, 2017

Route-based tourism on walking, hiking and cycling routes is experiencing resurgence throughout the world (Collins-Kreiner, 2010) and can be a driver of sustainable development, particularly for remote areas (Briedenhann & Wickens, 2004;...

Author: Anna Scuttari & Isidoro De Bortoli & Harald Pechlaner & Hannes Riegler 

Year: 2017 

406 Think Tank XII Integrated Planning of Sustainable Tourism and Mobilit... file 34993 Nov 06, 2013

Emerging tourist market trends are pushing destinations to consider mobility an essential strategic component of sustainable tourism planning. Destination Management needs to use tourism mobility analysis systematically if it wants to seize ...

Author: Anna Scuttari, Maria Della Lucia & Umberto Martini 

Year: 2012 

OPA: 2012 Runner Up 

405 Think Tank XIV Implementation and Governance of Hotel Chain's CSR pol... file 33324 Jun 26, 2014

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has gained increasing importance in the tourism industry over the past two decades, making it a central aspect of many business strategies. Many international hotel corporations have integrated CSR polic...

Author: Dagmar Lund-Durlacher & Carolin Brewi 

Year: 2014 

404 Think Tank XII Barriers and Benefits to Professional Development: Per... file 32599 Nov 06, 2013

This paper builds upon the body of literature on tourism mobilities by considering supply-side perspectives as it relates to workforce planning and preparation. Research into tourism destination competitiveness has suggested that for a touri...

Author: Kevin Lyons, Joanne Hanley & Tamara Young 

Year: 2012 

403 Think Tank XIII Sri Lanka, Tourism for a Brighter Future? A Review of ... file 27185 Nov 06, 2013

Tourism is considered to have the potential to generate foreign exchange revenue, create jobs for all levels, support handicraft and export industries, promote art and subsidise the development of transportation infrastructure; as it’s a vec...

Author: Zilmiyah Kamble & Frederic Bouchon 

Year: 2013 

402 Think Tank VII Branding Sustainability: Taking 'The Natural Step' in ... file 26212 Oct 13, 2013

Translation of the concept of sustainability into practice is fraught with problems. While policy advances in all sectors of the economy have made steps in the right direction the lack of clarity in defining what is meant by 'sustainability...

Author: Alison Gill & Peter Williams 

Year: 2007 

401 Think Tank XVII New Forms of ‘Responsible Tourism’ in Refugee Camps an... file 25551 Aug 17, 2017

Responsible Tourism is about “making better places for people to live in and better places for people to visit”. Traveling responsibly is thus about managing travel and destinations in an environmentally and culturally responsible way and de...

Author: Jaume Guia, Sil van de Velde & Lauren Chan 

Year: 2017 

400 Think Tank XIV Tourism Development as Greek Tragedy: Implications for... file 24181 Jun 26, 2014

Although tourism has been used as a development strategy in many parts of the world for several decades, there is little evidence that it is an effective tool for improving the wellbeing of destination communities. It is not uncommon to find...

Author: Gianna Moscardo, Anna Blackman & Laurie Murphy 

Year: 2014 

399 Think Tank VII Tourist Perceptions of Environmentally Friendly Innova... file 23495 Oct 13, 2013

As the environmental movement got underway and environmental awareness came into focus in the late 20th century, the tourism industry began incorporating 'environmentally friendly' efforts into their business practices. Requests for towel r...

Author: Kathleen L. Andereck 

Year: 2007 

» Think Tank XII The Climate Footprint of Nature-based Tourism - The ca... file 19787 Nov 06, 2013

Nature-based tourism is a form of travel that is often believed to lend itself more to sustainable development than other tourism segments. In fact, the concept of ecotourism – defined as nature tourism that is sustainable – was developed in...

Author: Wolfgang Strasdas 

Year: 2012 

397 Think Tank XIII Visitors' and Residents' Perception of Tourism Impact ... file 19577 Nov 06, 2013

Tourism is one of the leading contributors to service industry in Malaysia and is gradually growing. The growth of this industry brings impact towards the environment, specifically the water quality of islands. This study views into the visi...

Author: Murugadas Ramdas & Badaruddin Mohamed 

Year: 2013 

396 Think Tank IX Cultural values in sustainable tourism: Conflicts betw... file 19183 Oct 13, 2013

This paper evaluates cultural conflicts between indigenous groups, recreation users and management agencies over the appropriate amenity use of protected areas in the USA, Australia and New Zealand. It assesses both social values conflicts ...

Author: Heather Zeppel 

Year: 2009 

OPA: 2009 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

395 Think Tank XVII Overtourism. An analysis of contextual factors contrib... file 18170 Aug 17, 2017

Tourism is a rapidly growing industry and has far-reaching economic, social and environmental impact. The rapid growth of tourism is a challenge for many destinations. But growth in tourist numbers is not the only reason for the many problem...

Author: Fabian Weber 

Year: 2017 

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