Resources

RESOURCES


RESOURCES: PAPERS & PRESENTATIONS

Author : Maya Damayanti
School/Work Place : Diponegoro University, Indonesia
Contact : maya.damayanti@gmail.com
Year : 2010

How the informal sectors create and share innovation in gaining competition is very important in tourism development. Commonly, informal sectors are embedded in their routines and lack of innovation capacities. Based on the case of pedicab drivers in Yogyakarta, it was found that as informal sector in tourism activity, the drivers have created product innovation. This street level of innovation is mainly done by seeing the tourists as the potential demand/profitable customers. They have created innovation on physical performance of the pedicab, the capacity of pedicab to serve the tourists, and the union as the organization of the pedicab drivers. Furthermore the pedicab has transformed not only as a transportation mode but also as one of cultural tourism attraction in Yogyakarta.

The study also shows that pedicab drivers unions have significant roles in creating and sharing innovation among them. Basically the unions were formed to organize the pedicab drivers that grown up significantly after economic crisis in 1998. In these unions the pedicab drivers can improve their capacity, such as by conducting a language course; sharing information about tourism issues and urban transport’s rules; discussing strategies to improve their appearance, etc. The union has strategic position both externally with other tourism actors in Yogyakarta and internally within the members. Externally, through the union, the pedicab drivers can have bargaining position to the policy makers and formal tourism actors, such as shop, attraction, hotel and restaurant. Through the union the pedicab drivers can communicate their aspiration and problems during their daily activities. Conversely, through the union, the policy makers and the formal tourism actors can communicate their programs and information related to tourism development to the pedicab drivers as one of noteworthy tourism actors. The union can get the figures of demand and trend of tourism through these external links. Furthermore the figures are needed to create the product innovation. In this case, the role of local champion (the leader of the union) is very important to facilitate the network between union and the formal actors. On the other hand, internally, the union is a means of social network among the pedicab drivers. The members
who have similar characters could share the opinion, problems, knowledge, and information easily. This social network makes the process innovation done with fewer problems.


List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
414 Think Tank VI Ecotourism and Environmental Education: Opportunities ... file 57850 Oct 13, 2013

Ecotourism, which typically involves nature-based tourism, plays an increasing role in today's environmental management. As environmental conservation has, in many cases, suffered from a limited budget, funding ecotourism is perceived as a w...

Author: Aphirom Promchanya 

Year: 2006 

413 Think Tank XIV Tropical Communities as Resources for Tourism or Touri... file 47479 Jun 26, 2014

The purpose of this paper is to review the barriers to sustainable tourism development faced by rural and developing regions and to explore the notion of tourism and its potential contribution to community well-being, with a focus on Flora’s...

Author: Laurie Murphy, Gianna Moscardo & Anna Blackman 

Year: 2014 

412 Think Tank VI Ethical Issues in Collaboration in the Aviation Industry file 34473 Oct 13, 2013

The aviation industry is a critical element of any tourism system, and has several secondary effects – a source of employment and foreign exchange earnings. A ‘national carrier’ is also a symbol of the country, a source of pride amongst the ...

Author: Ravi Ravinder 

Year: 2006 

411 Think Tank XII Integrated Planning of Sustainable Tourism and Mobilit... file 33886 Nov 06, 2013

Emerging tourist market trends are pushing destinations to consider mobility an essential strategic component of sustainable tourism planning. Destination Management needs to use tourism mobility analysis systematically if it wants to seize ...

Author: Anna Scuttari, Maria Della Lucia & Umberto Martini 

Year: 2012 

OPA: 2012 Runner Up 

410 Think Tank XIV Implementation and Governance of Hotel Chain's CSR pol... file 32812 Jun 26, 2014

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has gained increasing importance in the tourism industry over the past two decades, making it a central aspect of many business strategies. Many international hotel corporations have integrated CSR polic...

Author: Dagmar Lund-Durlacher & Carolin Brewi 

Year: 2014 

409 Think Tank XII Barriers and Benefits to Professional Development: Per... file 26414 Nov 06, 2013

This paper builds upon the body of literature on tourism mobilities by considering supply-side perspectives as it relates to workforce planning and preparation. Research into tourism destination competitiveness has suggested that for a touri...

Author: Kevin Lyons, Joanne Hanley & Tamara Young 

Year: 2012 

408 Think Tank XII The Climate Footprint of Nature-based Tourism - The ca... file 19343 Nov 06, 2013

Nature-based tourism is a form of travel that is often believed to lend itself more to sustainable development than other tourism segments. In fact, the concept of ecotourism – defined as nature tourism that is sustainable – was developed in...

Author: Wolfgang Strasdas 

Year: 2012 

407 Think Tank XVII Overtourism. An analysis of contextual factors contrib... file 16595 Aug 17, 2017

Tourism is a rapidly growing industry and has far-reaching economic, social and environmental impact. The rapid growth of tourism is a challenge for many destinations. But growth in tourist numbers is not the only reason for the many problem...

Author: Fabian Weber 

Year: 2017 

406 Think Tank VII Tourist Perceptions of Environmentally Friendly Innova... file 15964 Oct 13, 2013

As the environmental movement got underway and environmental awareness came into focus in the late 20th century, the tourism industry began incorporating 'environmentally friendly' efforts into their business practices. Requests for towel r...

Author: Kathleen L. Andereck 

Year: 2007 

405 Think Tank XIII Conceptualising a Framework to Analyse the Factors Inf... file 15399 Nov 06, 2013

As the tourism industry continues to grow globally, sustainable tourism development has drawn interests among researchers, practitioners, governments and stakeholders. There are several studies on the local residents’ support for tourism, lo...

Author: Samuel Folorunso Adeyinka-Ojo, Catheryn Khoo-Lattimore & Vikneswaran Nair 

Year: 2013 

404 Think Tank XI Broad Street Regeneration Initiative: Practical Sustai... file 15267 Dec 19, 2013

Professors of tourism management teach principles of sustainable tourism to students in the classroom. Practitioners teach by implementing sustainable tourism principles in community. The Blackstone Valley Tourism Council (Tourism Council) i...

Author: Robert Billington, Natalie Carter, Caitlin Amos & Myles Ellison 

Year: 2011 

403 Think Tank IV Impediments to Sustainable Service Quality in Luxury H... file 15224 Oct 13, 2013

In order for tourism to be sustainable in the long term, there must be continued viability of tourism related entities (Tesone 2004), that is business operations must be sustainable. Hotels are major tourism entities and play an important ro...

Author: Rayka Presbury 

Year: 2004 

402 Think Tank XII Enhancing Stakeholders' Participation in Community-Bas... file 14838 Nov 06, 2013

Although the iconic floating markets in Thailand have been promoted both domestically and internationally, without a well-planned tourism initiative, virtually all of them have lost their authenticity. To preserve the culture of the Don-Mano...

Author: Nopparat Suthitakon, Sombat Karnjanakit & Suchart Taweepornpathomgul 

Year: 2012 

401 Think Tank X Sustainable Tourism Pedagogy and Student Community Col... file 14787 Oct 13, 2013

There have been increasing calls to move away from the traditional disciplinary structures and research, teaching and learning approaches that have tended to ‘tunnel’ student learning and reinforce particular worldviews towards new forms of ...

Author: Tazim Jamal, Justin Taillon & Dianne Dredge 

Year: 2010 

400 Think Tank XI Sustainable Tourism Course Structure and Associated St... file 13634 Oct 14, 2013

The author has developed and delivered Sustainable Tourism (S.T.) related courses at Institutions of Higher Education in Paris, London, Helsinki, and Parnu, Estonia over the last 10 years. The focus of the presentation would be the S.T. con...

Author: James Holleran 

Year: 2011 

399 Think Tank XIII Tourism investment and sustainable development: A comp... file 12746 Nov 06, 2013

Despite the growing importance of foreign direct investment (FDI) for tourism in developing countries and its perceived importance for stimulating sustainable development, few empirical studies have examined its impact. This paper explored t...

Author: Lee Davidson & Mondher Sahli 

Year: 2013 

398 Think Tank XIII Using Tourism to Build Social Capital in Communities: ... file 12658 Nov 06, 2013

Despite considerable discussion about how tourism could or should contribute to sustainable destination development, there is little evidence that the practice of tourism planning or development has altered in any significant way in the last...

Author: Gianna Moscardo, Andrea Schurmann, Elena Konovalov & Nancy G. McGehee 

Year: 2013 

397 Think Tank VII Tourism Resource Teams: Innovation with and for touris... file 11253 Oct 13, 2013

Communities have a variety of interest levels in tourism overall, including sustainable tourism (WTO, 2002). While we have witnessed increased awareness and discussions about sustainability and sustainable tourism, there is often a lack of s...

Author: Cynthia Messer, Ingrid Schneider & Okechukwu Ukaga 

Year: 2007 

396 Think Tank V Knowledge Management for Tourism Crises and Disasters file 11163 Oct 13, 2013

Tourism is especially vulnerable to disasters and, being fragmented, often its response is difficult to initiate and coordinate. It is also information intensive and when in chaos its information needs are exacerbated. The paper aims to deve...

Author: Nina Mistilis & Pauline Sheldon 

Year: 2005 

395 Think Tank XI What Do Tourism Students Know About Sustainability and... file 11122 Oct 14, 2013

The topic of sustainable tourism education has only recently started to emerge in the tourism literature. A few tourism scholars have raised concerns about the need to prepare future tourism professionals for real life planning and manageme...

Author: Blanca A. Camargo & Ulrike Gretzel 

Year: 2011 

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