Author : Stephen Wearing, Paul Chatterton, Amy Reggers & Hanna Sakata
School/Work Place : University of Technology Sydney, Australia (Stephen Wearing, Amy Reggers, Hanna Sakata), World Wide Fund for Nature, Austria (Paul Chatterton)
Contact :
Year : 2014

Development in developing countries often results in mass land-use change and subsequent increase in greenhouse gas emission by deforestation or forest degradation. For instance, approximately a-fifth of global greenhouse gas emissions was a result of altered land-use in the period of 1990 to 2000 (Houghton, 2005). To tackle this relationship at a global scale, REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries) emerged as an international strategy to incentivise developing nations to commit in forest conservation and sustainable forest management. This is faciliated by generating financial incentive for developing nations' verified effort for the additional carbon stored in trees or not emitted to the atmosphere. To put it simply, it involves operationalised financial transactions between carbon emitters, developing countries, and carbon sequestrators, local govenrments and communities in forest environment where the emitters purchase environmental stewardship from sequestrators. It is one of the largest carbon emission reduction initiatives targeting developing nations to protect forest. It also reflects an enormous potential for developing nations to gain from 'clean' modes of development as it creates two sources of economic benefit; payment for environmental protection and revenue generated by non-extractive economic activities. Community-based ecotourism appears to present an enormous potential under this context where a local community can benefit from environmental payment and tourism income.

We examine some of the progress being made by REDD and examine how in other work in community based ecotourism there have been failures in implementing the on ground projects and discuss what might be learned and how it might be implemented in the REDD Forest Climate Change Initiative.

List of Articles
No. Subject Views Datesort
82 Think Tank IV Sustainable Tourism and Innovation in Mobile Tourism S... file 2761 Oct 13, 2013

This paper presents a joint public and private sector research project entitled Mobile Digital City and Nature Walks - the development of content and software for a mobile tourism device. Focusing on sustainable tourism, marketing and innova...

Author: Janne J. Liburd 

Year: 2004 

81 Think Tank IV A Framework for the Development of Social and Socio-Ec... file 3260 Oct 13, 2013

This paper presents the background thinking to a CRC for Sustainable Tourism project that develops social and socio-economic indicators for tourism communities. The project emanates from the Green Globe 21 Standard that incorporates indicato...

Author: Margaret Deery, Leo Jago & Liz Fredline 

Year: 2004 

80 Think Tank IV Integration of Theory and Practice in Hospitality Sust... file 8114 Oct 13, 2013

This brief paper describes a new educational model developed at Ecole hoteliere de Lausanne (EHL) to link theory and practice, or more specifically, coordinate learning opportunities between the classroom (Sustainable Tourism) and current pr...

Author: James Holleran 

Year: 2004 

79 Think Tank IV Tourism focused NGO's - An Online Content Analysis file 2792 Oct 13, 2013

The number of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) increased from 31,246 to 37,281 (19.3%) between 1990 and 2000, (Human Development Report, 2002). The importance of NGOs is documented in United Nations Local Agenda 21 Chapter 27, 'Strength...

Author: Meng-Mei Chen & James Holleran 

Year: 2004 

78 Think Tank V Resident Segments Using SUS-TAS file 4291 Oct 13, 2013

Recognizing that tools developed solely to measure perceptions of positive/negative impacts of tourism within the traditional conceptual works are insufficient, recently Choi and Sirakaya (2005) developed and tested both an innovative framew...

Author: Ercan Sirakayae, Linda J. Ingram & Hwan Suk Chris Choi 

Year: 2005 

77 Think Tank VI Ecotourism and Environmental Education: Opportunities ... file 75879 Oct 13, 2013

Ecotourism, which typically involves nature-based tourism, plays an increasing role in today's environmental management. As environmental conservation has, in many cases, suffered from a limited budget, funding ecotourism is perceived as a w...

Author: Aphirom Promchanya 

Year: 2006 

76 OPA award Stakeholder involvement, culture and accountability in... file 6513 Oct 13, 2013

Following its historical rise and fall, America’s first industrialized polluted landscape garnered federal and local support to remedy its near destruction. Today, the Blackstone Valley is a pragmatic example of translating theory into pract...

Author: Robert Billington, Veronica Cadoppi & Natalie Carter 

Year: 2006 

OPA: 2006 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

75 Think Tank VI Stakeholder involvement, culture and accountability in... file 6413 Oct 13, 2013

Following its historical rise and fall, America’s first industrialized polluted landscape garnered federal and local support to remedy its near destruction. Today, the Blackstone Valley is a pragmatic example of translating theory into pract...

Author: Robert Billington, Veronica Cadoppi & Natalie Carter 

Year: 2006 

OPA: 2006 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

74 Think Tank VII Practical Interpretations of a Dynamic Model of Sustai... file 4817 Oct 13, 2013

"Operational definitions of tourism sustainability require details regarding what is to be sustained, for whom it is to be sustained, and the level at which it is to be sustained." This is the introductory sentence to "A Dynamic Model of Sus...

Author: Timothy Tyrrell & Robert Johnston 

Year: 2007 

73 Think Tank VII There's No Such Thing as Sustainable Tourism: Innovati... file 10775 Oct 13, 2013

Innovation can come in many forms but all of these share three common elements - creativity, a problem solving approach and a new way of thinking. This paper proposes that current approaches to tourism and sustainable regional development h...

Author: Gianna Moscardo 

Year: 2007 

72 Think Tank VII Getting Fit to Innovate: TUI's InnOlympics file 3625 Oct 13, 2013

Tether (2003) describes innovation within service industries as having a Cinderella status - marginal and neglected. The traditional approach to thinking about innovation has been to concentrate on manufacturing and within that, the role of...

Author: Graham Miller & Caroline Scarles 

Year: 2007 

71 Think Tank VII Tourism Resource Teams: Innovation with and for touris... file 11625 Oct 13, 2013

Communities have a variety of interest levels in tourism overall, including sustainable tourism (WTO, 2002). While we have witnessed increased awareness and discussions about sustainability and sustainable tourism, there is often a lack of s...

Author: Cynthia Messer, Ingrid Schneider & Okechukwu Ukaga 

Year: 2007 

70 Think Tank VII Learning as Prerequisite for Innovations in Tourism - ... file 8484 Oct 13, 2013

This article reports on an ongoing project that focuses on learning and innovation as prerequisites for sustainable tourism in a transnational environment defined by the European North Sea Region. According to Buhalis (2000: 113) providing i...

Author: Janne Liburd & Anja Hergesell 

Year: 2007 

69 Think Tank VII Thematic Analysis of Sustainable Tourism and the Tripl... file 2750 Oct 13, 2013

The relationship between the themes in sustainable tourism publications and the Triple Bottom Line (TBL) was explored in this article. A categorised list of 3719 sustainable tourism articles was thematically analysed to determine the conten...

Author: Michael Hughes & Jack Carlsen 

Year: 2007 

68 Think Tank VII Destination and Enterprise Management for a Tourism Fu... file 6062 Oct 13, 2013

A key element of a successful tourism industry is the ability to recognize and deal with change across a wide range of key factors and the way they interact. Key drivers of global change can be classified as Economic, Social, Political, Tec...

Author: Larry Dwyer, Deborah Edwards, Nina Mistilis, & Carolina Roman 

Year: 2007 

67 Think Tank VII The Practical Application of Sustainable Tourism Devel... file 4860 Oct 13, 2013

The internationally acclaimed Blackstone Valley Tourism Council continues to create a sustainable visitor destination using whole place-making techniques. Under its auspices, the Sustainable Tourism Planning and Development Laboratory share...

Author: Robert Billington, Natalie Carter & Lilly Kayamba 

Year: 2007 

66 Think Tank VII The New World of Travel 2.0: Application of Social Sof... file 6545 Oct 13, 2013

"Web 2.0" is a term used to refer to the emerging new wave of innovation on the Internet. Some see it as a second high-tech wave, marking the recovery from the technology and Internet "bust" at the end of the 1990s (O'Reilly 2005). Character...

Author: Alan A. Lew 

Year: 2007 

65 Think Tank VIII Resident Support for Sustainable Tourism Policies in T... file 3727 Oct 13, 2013

During the last two decades, there has been increased focus on topics related to various aspects of sustainable tourism. Believing that sustainable tourism can be a serious alternative that can remedy some of the negative impacts associated ...

Author: Ercan Sirakaya-Turk, Muzzo S. Uysal & Turgut Var 

Year: 2008 

64 Think Tank VIII Emerging Green Tourists: Their Behaviours and Attitudes file 4595 Oct 13, 2013

The concerns are varied and are not necessarily important to all tourists and the influence they have on sustaining the industry is unknown. For years the tourism industry has used a number of mechanisms in an attempt to green operators. The...

Author: Sue Bergin-Seers & Judith Mair 

Year: 2008 

63 Think Tank IX Tourism Relationship Model and Intermediary for Sustai... file 3316 Oct 13, 2013

This paper proposes a simple model that depicts the relationship between community and extra-community stakeholders that will enable the effective development of sustainable tourism. “Sustainable tourism” in this paper is defined as tourism ...

Author: Asami Shikida, Mami Yoda, Akiko Kino & Masayuki Morishige 

Year: 2009