Author : Asami Shikida, Mami Yoda, Akiko Kino & Masayuki Morishige
School/Work Place : Hokkaido University, Japan
Contact :,
Year : 2009

This paper proposes a simple model that depicts the relationship between community and extra-community stakeholders that will enable the effective development of sustainable tourism. “Sustainable tourism” in this paper is defined as tourism that utilizes community resources for tourism development and re-invests the returns from tourism to the destination resources. The tourism relationship model, with a community-based intermediary as its subsystem, is introduced and applied to a case in Hokkaido, Japan. The application demonstrates that the model is a valid tool to identify two important factors for successful development of sustainable tourism, which are a “circulation mechanism” that connects community resources and extra-community stakeholders through community-based intermediaries, and a “balancing mechanism” that considers the existence value and economic value, supplemented by the community-based intermediary’s functions to transfer financial and technology capital from non-tourist sources.

List of Articles
No. Subject Views Datesort
2 Think Tank XVIII Community participation and stakeholder engagement in ... file 1738 Jan 07, 2019

Keywords: natural resource management, community participation, stakeholder engagement, co-creation, sustainable tourism, Networks of Reserves.

Author: Umberto Martini, Federica Buffa, Sandra Notaro, Nicola Zeni & Pier Luigi Novi Inverardi 

Year: 2018 

1 Think Tank XVIII Connecting through Stories: Adapting Communication to ... file 683 Jan 07, 2019

Key words: story-telling, landscapes, interpretation, sustainable tourism experiences

Author: Gianna Moscardo & Karen Hughes 

Year: 2018