Author : Julia N. Albrecht & My N. D. Tran
School/Work Place : Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Contact :
Year : 2013

Most tourism development is initiated and led by either the private or the public sector. These projects’ potential impacts on host communities have been explored since the 1980s, and they are now relatively well known. This is not the case for the small but increasing number of Third Sector-led tourism development projects. The Third Sector comprises community and interest groups as well as many volunteer organisations. Even though such players become increasingly involved in tourism and are associated with more sustainable approaches to development, their roles and impacts are not well understood.

This project explores the economic, social and environmental impacts of the Hump Ridge Track (HRT) in Tuatapere, New Zealand, as perceived by members of the local community. This involves a) gaining an understanding of community members’ involvement in the establishment, maintenance, and management of the track, and b) an exploration of their perceptions of the track and its impacts. The project takes a quantitative approach. Data is gathered using a quantitative survey questionnaire. Community members are surveyed using a questionnaire distributed in public places in the Tuatapere community. Descriptive statistical measures and analysis of variance are used in data analysis. Community perceptions are correlated with respondent characteristics such as demographics, previous involvement with the track, and length of residency in Tuatapere, among others.

The contributions of this project are both conceptual and practical. The conceptual contribution lies in an improved understanding of tourism impacts in peripheral rural communities. The shifted focus from public and private sector-led developments to a Third Sector project allows for a more differentiated perspective on host community impacts. It is expected that impacts will be perceived more positively where community members were highly involved in initiating tourism development. The practical contribution lies in insights into community perspectives that may shed light on tourism management and project implementation by Third Sector organisations in a peripheral rural context.

List of Articles
No. Subject Views Datesort
234 Think Tank XII Ex Post Investigations of Tourist Consumptions and Env... file 2662 Nov 06, 2013

Progress towards a more sustainable future of tourism is conditioned by simultaneous improvements of the production and consumption of leisure. Consequently, efforts are done by companies (hotels, airlines, tour operators, etc), governmental...

Author: Adriana Budeanu 

Year: 2012 

233 Think Tank XII Origins, Evolution and Potential Future of the Coastal... file 10043 Nov 06, 2013

Coastal caravan parks in Australia are in decline due to the conversion of beachfront land to higher yielding forms of commercial enterprise (Prideaux and McClymont, 2006; Tourism Research Australia, 2007). The resulting reduction in accommo...

Author: Rod Caldicott & Pascal Scherrer 

Year: 2012 

232 Think Tank XII Evaluation of the accessibility of Monterrey's Tourism... file 2193 Nov 06, 2013

Despite several declarations, policies and regulations that seek to protect their rights, people with disabilities still encounter several constrains that impede their full participation in society, and, in particular, their access to and en...

Author: Blanca A. Camargo, Isabel Sánchez, Fátima Guajardo & Alejandro García 

Year: 2012 

231 Think Tank XII Agent-Based Modelling and Simulation of Tourism Flows:... file 3061 Nov 06, 2013

The aim of this working paper is to demonstrate an interactive, real-time, transparent and dynamic approach to modelling tourism mobilities using agent-based simulation models [ABM]. ABM has previously been employed in studying organizationa...

Author: Jack Carlsen & Scott Heckbert 

Year: 2012 

230 Think Tank XII It's how you get there: Developing a Transportation Mo... file 2840 Nov 06, 2013

This paper examines the impacts of alternative modes of transportation utilized for an international study course in Ecuador during two consecutive summers. The analysis includes the perceived value of the student participants in relation to...

Author: Kenneth Cohen & John Bowen 

Year: 2012 

229 Think Tank XII Sustainable Mobilities Beyond the Report: Covert Susta... file 4497 Nov 06, 2013

The concept of sustainable development has become a mainstream idea in the governance and management of travel and tourism. Over the past two decades it has attracted considerable attention and debate. While the principles of sustainable dev...

Author: Tim Coles, Emily Fenclova & Claire Dinan 

Year: 2012 

228 Think Tank XII Tourist Cards - Experiences with Soft Mobility in Germ... file 2412 Nov 06, 2013

An increasing number of destinations face the negative sides of tourism transport. Especially, the motorized (individual) traffic can cause ecological problems due to a risen traffic volume, noise and air pollution or its negative effects on...

Author: Dorothea Dürkop & Sven Gross 

Year: 2012 

227 Think Tank XII Employee Work Attitudes, Mobility and Promotional Oppo... file 6506 Nov 06, 2013

The issue of employee mobility is brought into sharp focus in times of economic and social uncertainty. Previous studies into the causes of employee mobility have investigated, among other determinants, the link between the promotional oppor...

Author: Margaret Deery, Leo Jago & Michael Stewart 

Year: 2012 

226 Think Tank XII Encouraging Environmentally Friendly Transport Mode Ch... file 5339 Nov 06, 2013

The travel between home and destination is a key element of any holiday and has received increasing attention by tourism scholars as its environmental and particularly its climatic impacts have become widely recognized (Gössling 2002; Metz, ...

Author: Astrid Dickinger & Anja Hergesell 

Year: 2012 

225 Think Tank XII Destination Governance and Tourist Mobilities: New Par... file 4838 Nov 06, 2013

Resort communities are complex systems where destination governance has become increasingly challenged by new mobilities of capital, finance, labor, communication, transportation, leisure and tourism. Popular destinations like the coastal co...

Author: Dianne Dredge & Tazim Jamal 

Year: 2012 

224 Think Tank XII Does Migration Have a Bigger Impact on VFR than Total ... file 3633 Nov 06, 2013

As an important global market by purpose of travel, visiting friends and relatives, VFR, is closely associated with the history and development of international migration patterns which are a more permanent form of travel. Further, the impor...

Author: Larry Dwyer, Neelu Seetaram, Peter Forsyth & Brian King 

Year: 2012 

223 Think Tank XII Understanding Tourism Flows and Patterns: A Case Study... file 3704 Nov 06, 2013

This paper reports on the outcomes of two collaborative research projects, conducted in conjunction with destination management authorities. The projects used GPS tracking devices to find out how various kinds of visitors moved around two Au...

Author: Deborah Edwards & Tony Griffin 

Year: 2012 

222 Think Tank XII Civic Tourism, Environmental Art and Tourism Mobility:... file 4425 Nov 06, 2013

For several decades the artists Christo and Jeanne-Claude have created and installed art all over the world. Their art projects are large scale, temporary, and outdoor-environment inspired, and usually involve woven fabric that is suspended ...

Author: Diane Gaede & James Gould 

Year: 2012 

221 Think Tank XII Sustainability and policy mobility in resort destinations file 1996 Nov 06, 2013

In the arena of resort development, there is a long history of destinations emulating (and seeking to surpass) one another in efforts to maintain competitiveness. In recent years, the use of “best case” examples are common tools employed to ...

Author: Alison M. Gill & Peter W. Williams 

Year: 2012 

220 Think Tank XII Identifying Issues with Tourist Wayfinding: A Collabor... file 3132 Nov 06, 2013

This paper reports on a study that was conducted in conjunction with Destination NSW, the government tourism authority for the state of New South Wales in Australia. The purpose of the study was to examine tourist wayfinding behaviour in Syd...

Author: Tony Griffin & Deborah Edwards 

Year: 2012 

219 Think Tank XII Social and Economic Mobility: Expatriate Practises in ... file 4021 Nov 06, 2013

Bali has long been a tourist destination for Australian tourists and the Australian tourist market is an important one for Bali tourism. In the last two decades, increasingly Australian tourists have and are shifting their mobility practices...

Author: Gayle Jennings 

Year: 2012 

218 Think Tank XII The Way Forward: Event Management Education and the Fu... file 3394 Nov 06, 2013

The 2011 BESTEN Think Tank XI highlighted a number of issues and themes related to education and learning for sustainable tourism. The themes addressed issues such as learning tools for sustainability, sustainability courses and curricula an...

Author: Olga Junek, Leonie Lockstone-Binney & Martin Robertson 

Year: 2012 

217 Think Tank XII Creating Tourism Transport Flow Maps with GIS: A Pract... file 5574 Nov 06, 2013

This paper explores various options to visualize tourism transport flows with spatial analysis tools and show them on maps. To facilitate implementation of these options, procedures for data preparation and map creation are explained through...

Author: Martin Landré & Paul Peeters 

Year: 2012 

216 Think Tank XII Mobile Learning for Sustainable Tourism Development: T... file 3572 Nov 06, 2013

This paper examines how mobility in higher tourism education may contribute to a dynamic leaning environment capable of integrating transnational and intercultural learning for sustainable tourism development. Central to this is the opening ...

Author: Janne J. Liburd 

Year: 2012 

215 Think Tank XII Barriers and Benefits to Professional Development: Per... file 33595 Nov 06, 2013

This paper builds upon the body of literature on tourism mobilities by considering supply-side perspectives as it relates to workforce planning and preparation. Research into tourism destination competitiveness has suggested that for a touri...

Author: Kevin Lyons, Joanne Hanley & Tamara Young 

Year: 2012