Author : Stuart E. Levy & Sun-Young Park
School/Work Place : George Washington University, USA
Contact :,
Year : 2011

In recent years, hotel companies have recognized the importance of engaging in responsible business practices as they relate to stakeholders including employees, guests, and the communities in which their properties are located. Accordingly, many of these corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives (e.g., towel recycle and reuse programs, employee diversity training) have been widely implemented and are now commonly found throughout the industry. However, hospitality firms that continue to focus solely on mainstream CSR activities may no longer derive a high level of benefit of engaging in CSR efforts, which have traditionally included guest satisfaction, brand preference, positive brand reputation, and increased employee commitment (Bader 2005; Butler 2008; Mensah 2007). At worst, firms may be accused of "greenwashing" if their green practices remain outdated (El Dief and Font 2010).

Innovation practices and research related to hotels have mainly focused on technological and service innovations (Orfila-Sintes et al., 2004; Tseng et al., 2008), with scant attention paid to CSR innovations. Although it is assumed that hospitality firms benefit from continuous innovation in the CSR arena, no prior research has examined the value of CSR innovation from a management perspective. Therefore, the objective of this research is threefold: 1) develop a comprehensive list and categorization of new generation CSR innovations (which we call, "CSR 2.0"); 2) analyze differences between "traditional" and "innovative" CSR activities on key stakeholder outcomes; and 3) compare managerial perspectives in the lodging industry between U.S. east and west coast respondents. All of these research objectives will add to academic and practitioner understanding of sustainability in the hospitality and tourism industries.

List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
16 Think Tank VIII Enhancing the Quality of Life through Cultural Events:... file 102258 Oct 13, 2013

The Wadden Sea Festival in Denmark is based on the idea of integrating the coastal environment in the presentation of contemporary art. Specifically, unique tidal differences are utilized to stage a range of performances. The Wadden Sea Fest...

Author: Janne J. Liburd & Anja Hergesell 

Year: 2008 

15 Think Tank VII Tourist Perceptions of Environmentally Friendly Innova... file 23346 Oct 13, 2013

As the environmental movement got underway and environmental awareness came into focus in the late 20th century, the tourism industry began incorporating 'environmentally friendly' efforts into their business practices. Requests for towel r...

Author: Kathleen L. Andereck 

Year: 2007 

14 Think Tank VII Branding Sustainability: Taking 'The Natural Step' in ... file 19797 Oct 13, 2013

Translation of the concept of sustainability into practice is fraught with problems. While policy advances in all sectors of the economy have made steps in the right direction the lack of clarity in defining what is meant by 'sustainability...

Author: Alison Gill & Peter Williams 

Year: 2007 

13 Think Tank VII Learning as Prerequisite for Innovations in Tourism - ... file 9396 Oct 13, 2013

This article reports on an ongoing project that focuses on learning and innovation as prerequisites for sustainable tourism in a transnational environment defined by the European North Sea Region. According to Buhalis (2000: 113) providing i...

Author: Janne Liburd & Anja Hergesell 

Year: 2007 

12 Think Tank VII The Community of Communicators and the Communication o... file 9017 Oct 13, 2013

In spite of the trend towards business as a key element in society and tourism, governments still play an important role in the sustainable development debate. Like any social institution, governments and related organizations do not always ...

Author: Keith Henning 

Year: 2007 

11 Think Tank VII Barriers to Innovation in Hospitality Provision: Towar... file 8576 Oct 13, 2013

Recent challenges within the hospitality industry highlight a critical need for research and innovation to inform management practice. Surprisingly, however, a comprehensive review of literature has found that innovation research within the...

Author: Conrad Lashley & Barry O'Mahony 

Year: 2007 

» Think Tank XI CRS 2.0: Management Perspectives of Sustainable Hospit... file 6730 Oct 14, 2013

In recent years, hotel companies have recognized the importance of engaging in responsible business practices as they relate to stakeholders including employees, guests, and the communities in which their properties are located. Accordingly...

Author: Stuart E. Levy & Sun-Young Park 

Year: 2011 

9 Think Tank X Innovation of and in Informal Actor Network file 5690 Oct 13, 2013

How the informal sectors create and share innovation in gaining competition is very important in tourism development. Commonly, informal sectors are embedded in their routines and lack of innovation capacities. Based on the case of pedicab ...

Author: Maya Damayanti 

Year: 2010 

8 Think Tank IX Valuing Open Innovation Environments in Tourism Educat... file 5323 Oct 13, 2013

The world has changed tremendously since the publication of Our Common Future by the World Commission for Environment and Development (1987), which elevated the concept of sustainable development from grassroots initiatives to the forefront...

Author: Janne Liburd & Anne-Mette Hjalager 

Year: 2009 

7 Think Tank X The Importance of Networks for Innovation in Sustainab... file 5162 Oct 13, 2013

This paper highlights the importance of new and established networks that underpin the innovation processes in sustainable tourism. It will draw on published literature as well as case studies to describe the various types of networks that ...

Author: Jack Carlsen, Janne J. Liburd & Deborah Edwards 

Year: 2010 

6 Think Tank VII Innovations in Volunteer Tourism: A Case Study of Fund... file 4576 Oct 13, 2013

The popularity of volunteer tourism as a form of alternative tourism has grown significantly over the past decade (McGehee, and Norman, 2002). Volunteer tourists can now be found throughout the world participating in a wide array of social, ...

Author: Kevin Lyons 

Year: 2007 

5 Think Tank VII Web 2.0, Tourist Activated Networks and Sustainability... file 4154 Oct 13, 2013

With the emergence of Web 2.0, the Internet has begun to realize its potential in supporting the tourism experience. This presentation will first identify a number of applications within Web 2.0 that are visitor oriented - from Expedia and T...

Author: Daniel Fesenmaier 

Year: 2007 

4 Think Tank VII Rural Adventure Tourism and Social Entrepreneurship file 4136 Oct 13, 2013

The intent of this research is to provide a comparative analysis of several innovative social entrepreneurial businesses operating within the realm of rural adventure tourism. This qualitative, case-based research explores six companies, wh...

Author: Christina Heyniger & Kristin Lamoureaux 

Year: 2007 

3 Think Tank VII Getting Fit to Innovate: TUI's InnOlympics file 3895 Oct 13, 2013

Tether (2003) describes innovation within service industries as having a Cinderella status - marginal and neglected. The traditional approach to thinking about innovation has been to concentrate on manufacturing and within that, the role of...

Author: Graham Miller & Caroline Scarles 

Year: 2007 

2 Think Tank VII The Uptake of Innovation in Tourism Organisations: Bar... file 2611 Oct 13, 2013

Innovation is fundamental to any industry in its quest to realising its potential. The tourism industry is no different in this pursuit of excellence and innovation but, unlike many other industries, it is largely comprised of small busines...

Author: Leo Jago & Margaret Deery 

Year: 2007 

1 Think Tank VII Social Responsibility and Innovation on Trafficking an... file 2157 Oct 13, 2013

Ethical questions related to globalization, human rights, unfair labor practices and trans-boundary exchanges of capital and work force create ever more complex challenges for the tourism sustainability agenda. In recent years, the tourism i...

Author: Camelia Tepelus 

Year: 2007