Author : Julia N. Albrecht & My N. D. Tran
School/Work Place : Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Contact :
Year : 2013

Most tourism development is initiated and led by either the private or the public sector. These projects’ potential impacts on host communities have been explored since the 1980s, and they are now relatively well known. This is not the case for the small but increasing number of Third Sector-led tourism development projects. The Third Sector comprises community and interest groups as well as many volunteer organisations. Even though such players become increasingly involved in tourism and are associated with more sustainable approaches to development, their roles and impacts are not well understood.

This project explores the economic, social and environmental impacts of the Hump Ridge Track (HRT) in Tuatapere, New Zealand, as perceived by members of the local community. This involves a) gaining an understanding of community members’ involvement in the establishment, maintenance, and management of the track, and b) an exploration of their perceptions of the track and its impacts. The project takes a quantitative approach. Data is gathered using a quantitative survey questionnaire. Community members are surveyed using a questionnaire distributed in public places in the Tuatapere community. Descriptive statistical measures and analysis of variance are used in data analysis. Community perceptions are correlated with respondent characteristics such as demographics, previous involvement with the track, and length of residency in Tuatapere, among others.

The contributions of this project are both conceptual and practical. The conceptual contribution lies in an improved understanding of tourism impacts in peripheral rural communities. The shifted focus from public and private sector-led developments to a Third Sector project allows for a more differentiated perspective on host community impacts. It is expected that impacts will be perceived more positively where community members were highly involved in initiating tourism development. The practical contribution lies in insights into community perspectives that may shed light on tourism management and project implementation by Third Sector organisations in a peripheral rural context.

List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
234 Think Tank XIV Heritage Trails through Dolenjska and Bela krajina in ... file 4473 Jun 26, 2014

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Year: 2014 

233 Think Tank VII Web 2.0, Tourist Activated Networks and Sustainability... file 4454 Oct 13, 2013

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Year: 2007 

232 OPA award A Framework for Work-Life Balance Practices in the Tou... file 4437 Oct 13, 2013

This paper addresses the key issues surrounding the debate over work-life balance. It provides an overview of current thinking in the general work environment, with specific focus on the issue within the tourism industry. This paper present...

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Year: 2008 

OPA: 2008 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

231 Think Tank VIII Integrating Sustainability into Tourism Education and ... file 4430 Oct 13, 2013

The focus of this paper is to provide an overview of the current sustainability content in Irish tourism programmes and the identification of key trends in this regard. It is based on extensive research of secondary and tertiary education s...

Author: Jane Stacey, Sheila Flanagan, Kevin Griffin & Anna Tottle 

Year: 2008 

230 Think Tank XII Sustainable Mobilities Beyond the Report: Covert Susta... file 4408 Nov 06, 2013

The concept of sustainable development has become a mainstream idea in the governance and management of travel and tourism. Over the past two decades it has attracted considerable attention and debate. While the principles of sustainable dev...

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Year: 2012 

229 Think Tank XII Civic Tourism, Environmental Art and Tourism Mobility:... file 4365 Nov 06, 2013

For several decades the artists Christo and Jeanne-Claude have created and installed art all over the world. Their art projects are large scale, temporary, and outdoor-environment inspired, and usually involve woven fabric that is suspended ...

Author: Diane Gaede & James Gould 

Year: 2012 

228 Think Tank IV Sustainability in a Mature Mass-Tourism Destination: T... file 4363 Oct 13, 2013

Most destinations are struggling to achieve sustainability for their economies, their environments, their cultures and their tourism industries. This laudatory, idealistic and complex process involves many sectors of the industry, the commun...

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Year: 2004 

227 Think Tank VIII Linking Tourist Satisfaction to Happiness and Quality ... file 4341 Oct 13, 2013

Dominant tourist satisfaction measures, typically tied to service quality, have recently received much criticism by senior tourism academics (Ryan, 1995; Kozak, 2001; Pearce, 2005). These prominent tourism scholars commonly refer to very sim...

Author: Sebastian Filep 

Year: 2008 

226 Think Tank VII Envisioning Sustainable Tourism Futures: An Evaluation... file 4293 Oct 13, 2013

Methods for researching the future have grown both in variety and rigour, offering new opportunities for understanding sustainable tourism. This paper discusses the value of futures research as a tool for envisioning and planning sustainable...

Author: Pierre Benckendorff 

Year: 2007 

OPA: 2007 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

225 Think Tank XIII Resident Perceptions of the Impacts of Tourism in Majo... file 4281 Nov 06, 2013

Despite the importance of cities and tourism flows to cities, the literature which explores the effect of tourism on host communities tends to focus on non-urban locations. As different types of tourists place different demands upon the reso...

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224 Think Tank VII Rural Adventure Tourism and Social Entrepreneurship file 4279 Oct 13, 2013

The intent of this research is to provide a comparative analysis of several innovative social entrepreneurial businesses operating within the realm of rural adventure tourism. This qualitative, case-based research explores six companies, wh...

Author: Christina Heyniger & Kristin Lamoureaux 

Year: 2007 

223 Think Tank IV Possibilities for Sustainable Tourism Management in Ac... file 4260 Oct 13, 2013

Sustainability is an inevitable concept in tourism which heavily depends on natural resources and environment with its products and services. Here prevention and controlling water, air and noise pollution, habitat degradation is more importa...

Author: Meryem Atik, Türker Altan & A. Akin Aksu 

Year: 2004 

222 Think Tank XIII Local Residents' Involvement in Rural Tourism: The Cas... file 4231 Nov 06, 2013

Community involvement is regarded as a significant factor for the development of rural tourism. In Malaysia, cooperatives are used as a catalyst to achieve community development through community involvement. This paper focuses on the involv...

Author: Uma Thevi Munikrishnan, Sushila Devi Rajaratnam, Paolo Mura & Vikneswaran Nair 

Year: 2013 

221 Think Tank VII Getting Fit to Innovate: TUI's InnOlympics file 4228 Oct 13, 2013

Tether (2003) describes innovation within service industries as having a Cinderella status - marginal and neglected. The traditional approach to thinking about innovation has been to concentrate on manufacturing and within that, the role of...

Author: Graham Miller & Caroline Scarles 

Year: 2007 

220 Think Tank XIV Exploring the Relationship between General Environment... file 4198 Jun 26, 2014

These challenges raise the questions of how to determine who is environmentally friendly, i.e. who is potentially part of this group acknowledging the range and diversity in environmental behaviours and their uptake. An alternative approach ...

Author: Anja Hergesell 

Year: 2014 

219 Think Tank VI Authenticity in Cultural Heritage Tourism as a means t... file 4184 Oct 13, 2013

This work aims through a clarification of philosophical assumptions to define authenticity in a dialogical perspective on the premise that there is a linkage between authenticity and sustainability. This paper will to discuss the development...

Author: Bente Bramming 

Year: 2006 

218 Think Tank XIV Tourism Concessions in National Parks: Neo-liberal Too... file 4182 Jun 26, 2014

For the tourism sector the government aims to “Grow the number of new business opportunities on public conservation land in order to deliver increased economic prosperity and conservation gain” (New Zealand Government, 2012: 23). In relation...

Author: Valentina Dinica 

Year: 2014 

217 Think Tank IX The West in the East: Conflict in the Values of Volunt... file 4128 Oct 13, 2013

Consequently, the aim of this research was to explore the complexity of trying to work within a framework of sustainability, with a given number of stakeholders (in this case, a UK organisation, its customers (volunteers, primarily British) ...

Author: Angela M. Benson 

Year: 2009 

216 Think Tank IX Sustainable Tourism Principles Reflected in Award-Winn... file 4123 Oct 13, 2013

There has been increased attention given to sustainable tourism monitoring and evaluation efforts, including corporate policies, guidelines and codes of conduct as well as certification programs (e.g., Dodds and Joppe 2005; Font and Harris ...

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Year: 2009 

215 Think Tank IV Sustainability and Mass Destinations: Challenges and P... file 4089 Oct 13, 2013

In year 2001, the Government of the Balearic Islands decided to establish a tourism tax, named "ecotax", as an important measure to achieve a more sustainable tourism model for the islands. This paper analyses the background of the ecotax, t...

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