Author : Caroline Scarles
School/Work Place : University of Surrey, UK
Contact :
Year : 2009

For many decades authors (see Sontag, 1976, Baederholt, 2006, Chalfern, 1979, Crang, 1997) have recognised the fundamental role of photography within tourism. Many such as Urry (1999, 2002), Crouch (2000, 2002) and Crouch & Lubbren (2003) have explored the position of the visual in the tourist experience. Others have explored the social relationships between tourists that emerge through photography (Haldrup & Larsen, 2003; Badernholt, 2006), or the practices of photographing in a particular context (see Edensor 1998, 1999, 2001). However, despite references to the photograph as a tool for consuming and constructing in the tourist experience, little attention has been afforded to the effects of such practice (see Cohen et al, 1992). This paper therefore unpacks the complexities of the seemingly fleeting relationships between tourists and host communities that emerge during photographic encounters as local residents can become photographed subjects and objects of the tourist gaze. Focusing on the emergent interactions between tourists and locals who are photographed, it explores the social and cultural values that underpin tourists’ ethical considerations of whether or not to photograph local people. In doing so, it suggests that gaps in cultural and social knowledge affect of such values on these relationships as tourist practice is driven by subjective interpretations of that which is appropriate, acceptable or responsible with regard to photographing. Thus, encounters become driven by ethical confusion and a confusion of ethics (Scarles, 2009) as photography emerges as a complex fusion of both predictable and reactionary practices that align general ethical viewpoints with unpredictable ethical response in the immediacy of the moment of photographing.

List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
8 Think Tank IX Developing a knowledge platform on value of parks for ... file 1755 Oct 13, 2013

National Parks and other protected natural areas are a significant point of focus for tourism activity globally. Consequently it is important to understand the values of parks for tourism to assist with effective policy, planning and manage...

Author: Michael Hughes & Jack Carlsen 

Year: 2009 

» Think Tank IX Ethical Confusion and Confusion of Ethics: Unpacking t... file 1854 Oct 13, 2013

For many decades authors (see Sontag, 1976, Baederholt, 2006, Chalfern, 1979, Crang, 1997) have recognised the fundamental role of photography within tourism. Many such as Urry (1999, 2002), Crouch (2000, 2002) and Crouch & Lubbren (200...

Author: Caroline Scarles 

Year: 2009 

6 Think Tank X The Role of Knowledge-based Networks in Sustainable To... file 3758 Oct 13, 2013

In practice, tourism organisations tend to be more serious towards their financial viability and therefore undermine long-term socio-cultural and environmental consequences. In so doing they impede their own ability and that of the destinat...

Author: Ehsan Ahmed & Larry Dwyer 

Year: 2010 

5 Think Tank X New Media for Climate Change Communication and Collabo... file 4761 Oct 13, 2013

The Climate Change Collaboratory1 aims to strengthen the relations between Austrian scientists, policy makers, educators, environmental NGOs, news media and corporations - stakeholders who recognize the need for adaptation and mitigation, b...

Author: Arno Scharl 

Year: 2010 

4 Think Tank IX Valuing Open Innovation Environments in Tourism Educat... file 4786 Oct 13, 2013

The world has changed tremendously since the publication of Our Common Future by the World Commission for Environment and Development (1987), which elevated the concept of sustainable development from grassroots initiatives to the forefront...

Author: Janne Liburd & Anne-Mette Hjalager 

Year: 2009 

3 Think Tank XIV The Development of a National Tourism Research Agenda ... file 5467 Jun 26, 2014

A national research agenda identifies the research priorities that need to be addressed to “inform future policy and service delivery” by government and “for use by academics and practitioners to stimulate research, partnerships and collabor...

Author: Leo Jago & Margaret Deery 

Year: 2014 

2 Think Tank XI What Do Tourism Students Know About Sustainability and... file 11203 Oct 14, 2013

The topic of sustainable tourism education has only recently started to emerge in the tourism literature. A few tourism scholars have raised concerns about the need to prepare future tourism professionals for real life planning and manageme...

Author: Blanca A. Camargo & Ulrike Gretzel 

Year: 2011 

1 Think Tank V Knowledge Management for Tourism Crises and Disasters file 11273 Oct 13, 2013

Tourism is especially vulnerable to disasters and, being fragmented, often its response is difficult to initiate and coordinate. It is also information intensive and when in chaos its information needs are exacerbated. The paper aims to deve...

Author: Nina Mistilis & Pauline Sheldon 

Year: 2005