Author : Rui Jin Hoare, Ken Butcher & Danny O'Brien
School/Work Place : Griffith University, Australia
Contact :
Year : 2009

Furthermore, social identity theory suggests that people are attracted to others who are familiar to themselves because their similarity reinforces their self-image (Tajfel, 1982), and that people from collectivist culture tend to favour in-group members and discriminate against out-group members (Gomez, Kirkman & Shapiro, 2000). Individuals used different categories to define in-group/out-group membership in various situations (Fischer, Gainer & Bristor, 1997). In the current study, in-group members are identified as people who are perceived as coming from the same race and sharing the same culture. In investigating trustworthiness and membership category, research results indicate that individuals tend to perceive out-group members as less trustworthy and less honest (Brewer & Silver, 1978), and tend to be attracted to those whose race and attitudes are similar to them (Stockdale & Crosby, 2004). In a cross-cultural context, Armstrong and Yee (2001) found that dialect fluency, and perceived cultural similarity contributed to perceptions of trustworthiness between ethnic Chinese buyers and sellers in Malaysia. While it is suggested that similarities in race and culture positively influence trustworthiness impression ( Koojaroenpaisan, 1996; McAllister, 1995), no research has explored if and/or how group membership difference affect Chinese people's perception of trustworthiness when they tour overseas. Hence, the second research question is identified as: How does in-group/out-group membership affect Chinese people's perception of trustworthiness in the overseas dining context?

List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
» Think Tank IX Do Chinese tourists find their in-group members more t... file 1911 Oct 13, 2013

Furthermore, social identity theory suggests that people are attracted to others who are familiar to themselves because their similarity reinforces their self-image (Tajfel, 1982), and that people from collectivist culture tend to favour in-...

Author: Rui Jin Hoare, Ken Butcher & Danny O'Brien 

Year: 2009 

313 Think Tank VII Innovation in Tourism Education: Building the Capacity... file 1912 Oct 13, 2013

This paper will present the findings of a recent Summit on the Future of Tourism Education held in April 2007 in Austria. The summit's goal is to identify future societal, economic, environmental, political and technological trends from 201...

Author: Pauline Sheldon 

Year: 2007 

312 Think Tank VIII Tourism Acting as a Factor of Integration: The Case of... file 1947 Oct 13, 2013

Over the past years, reports over brutal, racist attacks in the former eastern states of Germany have filled the headlines of German and international media again and again. Tourism authorities in these states have complained that these att...

Author: Dagmar Lund-Durlacher 

Year: 2008 

311 Think Tank XII Sustainability and policy mobility in resort destinations file 1952 Nov 06, 2013

In the arena of resort development, there is a long history of destinations emulating (and seeking to surpass) one another in efforts to maintain competitiveness. In recent years, the use of “best case” examples are common tools employed to ...

Author: Alison M. Gill & Peter W. Williams 

Year: 2012 

310 Think Tank IV Evaluation of Tourism Events: A Critical Review with a... file 1992 Oct 13, 2013

This presentation will critically review the three main sources of error in tourism event evaluation, related to the limited temporal, geographic and economic scope of current event evaluation approaches. In doing so, it will draw the attent...

Author: Jack Carlsen 

Year: 2004 

309 Think Tank VIII Tourism for Marginal Groups: Tourism as a Livelihood S... file 2024 Oct 13, 2013

Since the report of the Brundtland Commission was published 1987 (WCED 1987), sustainable development has been incorporated into the policies of many international organizations and the legislation of jurisdictions throughout the world. Nev...

Author: Teresa C.H. Tao & Geoffrey Wall 

Year: 2008 

308 Think Tank XV Conserving biodiversity as tourism (including wildlife... 2028 Jul 27, 2015

Governments throughout Australia and elsewhere recognise that tourism is an important sector of the economy, and are encouraging its growth in a variety of ways, some more environmentally sound than others. This papers presents not the resul...

Author: Ronda J Green 

Year: 2015 

307 Think Tank IX Ethical Confusion and Confusion of Ethics: Unpacking t... file 2031 Oct 13, 2013

For many decades authors (see Sontag, 1976, Baederholt, 2006, Chalfern, 1979, Crang, 1997) have recognised the fundamental role of photography within tourism. Many such as Urry (1999, 2002), Crouch (2000, 2002) and Crouch & Lubbren (200...

Author: Caroline Scarles 

Year: 2009 

306 Think Tank XII Evaluation of the accessibility of Monterrey's Tourism... file 2109 Nov 06, 2013

Despite several declarations, policies and regulations that seek to protect their rights, people with disabilities still encounter several constrains that impede their full participation in society, and, in particular, their access to and en...

Author: Blanca A. Camargo, Isabel Sánchez, Fátima Guajardo & Alejandro García 

Year: 2012 

305 Think Tank VII Social Responsibility and Innovation on Trafficking an... file 2162 Oct 13, 2013

Ethical questions related to globalization, human rights, unfair labor practices and trans-boundary exchanges of capital and work force create ever more complex challenges for the tourism sustainability agenda. In recent years, the tourism i...

Author: Camelia Tepelus 

Year: 2007 

304 Think Tank IX Recreation Specialisation and Destination Image: A cas... file 2177 Oct 13, 2013

Papua New Guinea (PNG) should be to Australia what Costa Rica and Belize are to the USA – a proximate and successful tourist destination that attracts sustainable numbers of tourists drawn to the extraordinary diversity of endemic wildlife,...

Author: Kevin Lyons, Kevin Markwell & Patricia Johnson 

Year: 2009 

303 Think Tank XIX Designing sustainable tourist experiences – (how) does... file 2182 Oct 23, 2019

Key words: Nature Parks, sustainable tourism, customer journey, sustainable development, behaviour change Page: 188-193 Designing sustainable tourist experiences.pdf Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ tabl...

Author: Birgit Reutz 

Year: 2019 

302 Think Tank XIV Welcoming Chinese Visitors and the Easternization of t... file 2225 Jun 26, 2014

Tourism academics, practitioners, governments and agencies around the world are in general agreement about the future of tourism in what commentators have tagged The Asian Century. Assuming demographic and economic conditions persist, the in...

Author: Patricia C. Johnson 

Year: 2014 

301 Think Tank XVI Tourists vs Tour operators Preferences for CSR Policie... file 2229 Jul 02, 2016

There is an increasing concern for environmental and social issues among international travelers. As a consequence, many tourist corporations have been exploring the implementation of Social Responsibility (SR) policies as a tool to gain co...

Author: Jorge E. Araña, Gianluca Goffi & Carmelo J. León 

Year: 2016 

300 Think Tank IX Developing a knowledge platform on value of parks for ... file 2257 Oct 13, 2013

National Parks and other protected natural areas are a significant point of focus for tourism activity globally. Consequently it is important to understand the values of parks for tourism to assist with effective policy, planning and manage...

Author: Michael Hughes & Jack Carlsen 

Year: 2009 

299 Think Tank IX Values: Dollars, trees or feelings? file 2262 Oct 13, 2013

The importance of values to tourism is but one aspect of the importance of values in human interactions with the natural environment and even more broadly to the human condition. However, attempts to understand the impact of values on behav...

Author: Denise Dillon 

Year: 2009 

298 Think Tank XV The role of souvenir vendors in the cultural sustainab... file 2271 Jul 27, 2015

The research investigated the role of souvenir vendors in sustaining the social-cultural authenticity of Chichen Itza’s host community, a Mexican UNESCO World Heritage Site (WHS) (UNESCO, 2015a). The case study evaluated the Maya-descent ven...

Author: Ady Milman 

Year: 2015 

297 Think Tank XV Social Representations of Tourist Selfies: New Challen... file 2294 Jul 27, 2015

A number of recent incidents have focussed media attention on the phenomenon of tourist selfies, described their negative consequences for tourist destinations and identified a number of challenges for tourist site managers. This paper repor...

Author: John Pearce & Gianna Moscardo 

Year: 2015 

296 Think Tank VII Outfitting and Guiding as Sustainable Tourism file 2300 Oct 13, 2013

The antecedents of the modern outfitter are numerous and varied, reaching far back into mythology, allegoric literature, history, and geographic exploration. Throughout history, guides have played two distinct roles, the pathfinder and the m...

Author: Norma Nickerson 

Year: 2007 

295 Think Tank XII The Impact of Volcanic Ash Clouds in 2010 and 2011 on ... file 2327 Nov 06, 2013

Few recent events which disrupted global tourism and especially tourism mobility, match the impact of the volcanic ash clouds generated from the eruption of the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajokull in 2010 and the Chilean volcano Puyehue in 20...

Author: David Beirman 

Year: 2012