Author : Lesego S. Stone & Gyan P. Nyaupane
School/Work Place : University of Botswana & Arizona State University
Contact :
Year : 2015

Present-day Western approaches relating to nature and natural resources management assume that humans are independent from the natural world (Pierotti & Wildcat, 2000). Protected areas such as Yellowstone National Park were created with this narrative in mind.  This view of conservation and nature is deeply entrenched and wilderness is still celebrated by many as a place to rejuvenate and discover the purpose for life (DiSilvestro, 1993). This construction sees nature as a resource for human use and a challenge for the rational mind to conquer (Adams, 2003). Despite this worldwide acceptance of Western views on nature, Mackenzie (1988) acknowledges the wilderness-humankind separation provided a means through which British colonizers took over their African colonies’ land and created enclaves that could serve their interests.

In contrast to westerners’ beliefs, Southerners believe in the harmony between nature and society (Colchester, 2000). For most, there is knowledge on how to interrelate with nature (Redford and Stearman, 1993). Evidence indicates that even with hunter-gatherers and wildlife being a part of local diet and commodity trading, wildlife populations remained high (Murombedzi, 2003). This has been attributed to the use of local myths, policies, customs and religions that reinforced and regulated resource use (Hviding, 2003). These traditional strategies promote and support the conservation of nature while ensuring access to it (Murombedzi, 2003).

The creation of protected areas has had negative impacts on native communities; in Uganda, the Ik were removed from their traditional hunting grounds to allow for the establishment of Kidepo National Park while in Botswana, Basarwa were relocated to make way for Moremi National Park (Colchester, 2000). Hence, local resentments may occur. For instance, although for most White Americans protected places represent, beauty and national pride, the same lands symbolize deception, lost land, and continued oppression for many Native Americans who were displaced from their ancestral lands (McAvoy, 2002).

List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
334 Think Tank XV Enhancing stakeholders’ participation for sustainable ... file 899 Jul 27, 2015

Tourism is a fragile industry with multiple stakeholders. Globally, the desire of its stakeholders is to gain more benefits and eliminate negative impacts on resources that support the industry, particularly in protected areas (PAs) such as ...

Author: Richie Wandwi 

Year: 2015 

333 Think Tank XVIII Persuasive communication: an experiment on hotel guest... file 919 Jan 07, 2019

Key words: personal values, smart water-saving technology, community-based social marketing, science communication, pro-environmental behaviour, field experiment.

Author: Pablo Pereira-Doel, Xavier Font & Candice Howarth 

Year: 2018 

332 Think Tank XVI Tourists’ attitude towards and willingness to pay for ... file 936 Jul 02, 2016

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Author: Isabel Lissner & Marius Mayer 

Year: 2016 

331 Think Tank XVI The impact of CSR activities of family businesses on c... file 941 Jul 02, 2016

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Author: Zehrer Anita 

Year: 2016 

330 Think Tank XVIII Indigenous destination development: Nudging key player... file 986 Jan 07, 2019

Key words: Key players, sustainable tourism impact, tourism planning

Author: Astrid Frischknecht, Celiane Camargo-Borges & Celeste Wilderom 

Year: 2018 

329 Think Tank XVIII What to communicate about sustainability actions of Fi... file 996 Jan 07, 2019

Key words: sustainability, responsibility, marketing, communication, Finland, villa holiday

Author: Katja Pasanen 

Year: 2018 

328 Think Tank XVI Crowdsourcing – New Ways of an efficient Corporate Soc... file 1006 Jul 02, 2016

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Corporate Sustainability (CS) play a more and more crucial role in the development of hotel business. A study of the French hotel company Accor shows, that sustainability is a determining factor of ...

Author: Matthias Straub 

Year: 2016 

327 Think Tank XVI The influence of environmental attitudes and concerns ... file 1025 Jul 02, 2016

This study investigates environmental attitudes and concerns of Germans tourists towards climate change. Furthermore it analyses if there are attempts to neutralise air travel emissions by means of voluntary carbon-offsetting. Past research...

Author: Isabell Wulfsberg, Dirk Reiser, Volker Rundshagen & Nicolai Scherle 

Year: 2016 

326 Think Tank XV Perceptions of local communities participation in rura... file 1064 Jul 27, 2015

In order to maximize the benefits and minimize the costs, rural communities should be able to participate actively in all aspects of tourism, including planning and management. The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the local communit...

Author: Limpho Lekaota & Jarkko Saarined 

Year: 2015 

325 Think Tank XV Environmental Practices and Hotels’ Performance: an em... file 1108 Jul 27, 2015

Firms are nowadays facing growing pressure from governments and environmental institutions to reduce their ecological footprint. While a growing number of empirical studies have examined the impact of green management policies on firms’ fina...

Author: Christelle Cortese & Mondher Sahli 

Year: 2015 

324 Think Tank XVII Investigating the impact of climate change on the tour... file 1120 Aug 17, 2017

The tourism sector is vital for the development of small island developing states. However, climate change can negatively impact on tourism demand and affect these economies both on the economic and social level. The purpose of this study is...

Author: Sheereen Fauzel, Boopen Seetanah, Robin Sannassee & Robin Nunkoo 

Year: 2017 

323 Think Tank XVII Innovation riving structural power changes in peripher... file 1147 Aug 17, 2017

Traditionally, tourism development in small island destinations has been explained through the lens of the Dependency Theory (Bianchi, 2002; Britton, 1982; Brown & Hall, 2000; Buhalis, 1999; Butler, 1993; Hall, 1994; Harrison, 2001; Weav...

Author: Chaya Hurnath 

Year: 2017 

322 Think Tank XVII Collaborative knowledge production development and act... file 1159 Aug 17, 2017

Increasingly, literature has depicted food tourism as a powerful contributor to the ‘triple bottom line’ of economic, social, and environmental sustainability in rural communities (e.g. Sidali et al., 2015; Sims, 2009; Everret & Aitchson...

Author: Yukari Higuchi & Yasuhiro Yamanaka 

Year: 2017 

321 Think Tank XVI The Concept of Corporate Social Responsibility: An ove... file 1204 Jul 02, 2016

In the tourism industry, whilst some companies have taken active steps towards Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), others are yet to adopt a responsible approaching to business. According to Betz (2010), CSR is a relatively new concept i...

Author: Susanne Reimann & Sandro Carnicelli 

Year: 2016 

320 Think Tank XVII Travelers Satisfaction with Dimensions of Tourist Tert... file 1248 Aug 17, 2017

Loyalty of customers is recognized as a key ingredient for the success of organisations. A 5% increase in customer retention has been linked to 85% increase in profits (Reichfield and Sasser, 1990). As noted by Assael (1984), long term organ...

Author: Boopendra Seetanah & Viraiyan Teeroovengadum & Kesseven Padachi 

Year: 2017 

319 Think Tank XV A modified value chainanalysisoftourism development in... file 1258 Jul 27, 2015

Tourism development in a relatively unknown country is faced with various challenges. The difficulty is not only choosing an appropriate tourism development strategy but also managing it in a complex sociocultural, economic and political env...

Author: Sonja Frommenwiler & Péter Varga 

Year: 2015 

OPA: Runner Up Outstanding Paper Award 

318 Think Tank XVII Transit Tours for Airport Passengers – Issues and Chal... file 1282 Aug 17, 2017

Since the advent of liberalisation of the aviation industry in the late 1970s, many countries have adopted the liberal policy in air transport and entered bilateral air service agreements, often referred to as “open skies agreements” (OSAs),...

Author: Priscilla Chau Min Poon 

Year: 2017 

317 Think Tank XVI Communicating sustainability values of wine producers file 1285 Jul 02, 2016

This paper examines visual design language used in the New Zealand wine industry to communicate values of sustainability. The contribution critically discusses how industry values are physically manifested in and communicated through imager...

Author: Tobias Danielmeier 

Year: 2016 

316 Think Tank XV The social enterprise as a vehicle to poverty alleviat... file 1321 Jul 27, 2015

Over the last decades, social enterprises have increasingly gained importance in the travel and tourism industry and they are revolutionizing the way business is done. Instead of maximizing profits for external shareholders, a social enterpr...

Author: Sebastian Ferrari & Dagmar Lund-Durlacher 

Year: 2015 

315 Think Tank X How Is Sustainability ‘Materialised’ in Tourism? Conte... file 1336 Oct 13, 2013

Meaning is one of the most elusive and ubiquitous properties of tourism spaces. This paper analyses the ambiguity of meaning in the materiality of tourism sustainability. Sustainable development and its three interrelated principles of holi...

Author: Neil M. Walsh 

Year: 2010