Author : Alison M. Gill, Peter W. Williams & Shelagh Thompson
School/Work Place : Simon Fraser University, Canada
Contact :,
Year : 2009

The recent explosion of second home development in tourism areas around the world is a reflection not only of the increased mobility of capital and people associated with the effects of globalization but also the development models employed in many tourism destinations that link real estate development with amenities such as golf courses, marinas and ski infrastructure. Second home residents have differing patterns of use of their properties to those of permanent residents and the literature points to differing attitudes and values between these two groups that may result in conflict (Hall and Müller, 2004). Furthermore, Gartner (1987) concluded that although second-home owners may be sensitive to the environmental conditions and potential impacts of their activities, their behaviours suggest that they do not recognize their contributions to these conditions and impacts. In this paper we examine perceived differences in attitudes and use of water resources between permanent residents and second home residents in an island setting in order to identify sustainable approaches to regulation and management.

Small island settings are especially vulnerable to problems of water quality and supply especially in coastal zones (Gössling, 2001) Second homes are often located in such areas and high occupancy rates frequently occur during drier seasons (Essex, 2004; Ioannides, 2002), thus making sustainable water management a priority. Further, saltwater intrusion into fresh water aquifers can be induced by the exploitation of groundwater through overpumping of wells along the coastline, particularly during drought conditions (Calvache & Pulldo-Bosch, 1997). As Puczko and Ratz (2000) observe planning and policy for water management can be informed by the perceptions and attitudes of permanent and nonpermanent residents.

We explored these issues in a case study of Mayne Island, British Columbia, Canada, one of the Gulf Islands lying between Vancouver Island and mainland British Columbia.

List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
134 Think Tank XII Destination Governance and Tourist Mobilities: New Par... file 4482 Nov 06, 2013

Resort communities are complex systems where destination governance has become increasingly challenged by new mobilities of capital, finance, labor, communication, transportation, leisure and tourism. Popular destinations like the coastal co...

Author: Dianne Dredge & Tazim Jamal 

Year: 2012 

133 Think Tank VII Branding Sustainability: Taking 'The Natural Step' in ... file 4493 Oct 13, 2013

Translation of the concept of sustainability into practice is fraught with problems. While policy advances in all sectors of the economy have made steps in the right direction the lack of clarity in defining what is meant by 'sustainability...

Author: Alison Gill & Peter Williams 

Year: 2007 

132 Think Tank V Understanding Tourism Crisis: Case Study of Bali and P... file 4522 Oct 13, 2013

In an era of considerable disaster and uncertainty, many destinations have been made alarmingly aware of the fickle nature of tourism. While peak industry bodies, academics and professionals advocate the introduction of risk/crisis managemen...

Author: Yetta Gurtner 

Year: 2005 

131 Think Tank XII Intersecting Mobilities: Tourists with Vision Impairme... file 4522 Nov 06, 2013

While there has been a developing interest in mobilities amongst tourism scholars, the notion of immobilities has often been ignored. Yet, there are many people who do not participate in tourism or, if they do, only experience partial mobili...

Author: Jennifer Small 

Year: 2012 

130 Think Tank XIV Exploring Policy, Politics and Governance through Stak... file 4539 Jun 27, 2014

This paper looks at the development of an ecotrekking industry on the Kokoda Track and demonstrates how the use of participatory methods in community based tourism can align two different “regimes of truth” (that of the community and of the ...

Author: Stephen Wearing, Paul Chatterton & Amy Reggers 

Year: 2014 

» Think Tank IX Valuing water: Perceived differences in attitude and u... file 4541 Oct 13, 2013

The recent explosion of second home development in tourism areas around the world is a reflection not only of the increased mobility of capital and people associated with the effects of globalization but also the development models employed ...

Author: Alison M. Gill, Peter W. Williams & Shelagh Thompson 

Year: 2009 

128 Think Tank IV It's Mostly About Me: Reasons why Volunteers contribut... file 4542 Oct 13, 2013

This paper contributes to the debate by reporting on inital findings from a wider study of volunteers in museums and art museums that was designed to empirically explore volunteer motivation, expectations, values and commitment. The aim of t...

Author: Deborah Edwards 

Year: 2004 

127 Think Tank XII Creating Tourism Transport Flow Maps with GIS: A Pract... file 4550 Nov 06, 2013

This paper explores various options to visualize tourism transport flows with spatial analysis tools and show them on maps. To facilitate implementation of these options, procedures for data preparation and map creation are explained through...

Author: Martin Landré & Paul Peeters 

Year: 2012 

126 Think Tank XIV Psychological Empowerment as Good Policy for Governanc... file 4562 Jun 26, 2014

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the potential impact psychological empowerment can have on sustainable tourism policy objectives, including improving resident attitudes toward tourism, enhancing destination competitiveness, and maint...

Author: B. Bynum Boley & Nancy Gard McGehee 

Year: 2014 

125 Think Tank XII Sustainable Tourism: Is it better to travel or not to ... file 4589 Nov 06, 2013

Tourism’s growing contribution to climate change has come to the forefront of the sustainable tourism literature as evidenced by the Journal of Sustainable Tourism’s (JOST) 2010 publication of a special issue titled “Tourism: Adapting to Cli...

Author: B. Bynum Boley 

Year: 2012 

124 Think Tank VIII Emerging Green Tourists: Their Behaviours and Attitudes file 4596 Oct 13, 2013

The concerns are varied and are not necessarily important to all tourists and the influence they have on sustaining the industry is unknown. For years the tourism industry has used a number of mechanisms in an attempt to green operators. The...

Author: Sue Bergin-Seers & Judith Mair 

Year: 2008 

123 Think Tank X The Importance of Networks for Innovation in Sustainab... file 4600 Oct 14, 2013

This paper highlights the importance of new and established networks that underpin the innovation processes in sustainable tourism. It will draw on published literature as well as case studies to describe the various types of networks that ...

Author: Jack Carlsen, Janne J. Liburd & Deborah Edwards 

Year: 2010 

122 Think Tank X Sustainability: What Matters to Students, Educators, a... file 4614 Oct 14, 2013

As climate change gains global attention from events like the summit in Copenhagen held during December of 2009, the need for sustainable tourism is more important than ever; with comprehensive education in sustainability concepts and practi...

Author: Cynthia S. Deale & Nelson Barber 

Year: 2010 

121 Think Tank XIII Exploring the Relationship between Cultural Capital in... file 4620 Nov 06, 2013

There is substantial literature on the impacts of tourism on culture, both positive and negative, however, there are relatively few articles that explore the relationship between cultural capital and sustainable tourism. This paper will repo...

Author: Laurie Murphy & Andrea Schurmann 

Year: 2013 

120 Think Tank V Using Theories of Stigma Management and Impression Man... file 4623 Oct 13, 2013

Researchers have noted that impression management is key to tourism crisis management planning and recovery (Ritchie et al., 2003:201); indeed, some have suggested that “crisis management is as much about dealing with human perceptions about...

Author: Bonalyn Nelson 

Year: 2005 

119 Think Tank VIII Lifestyle Oriented Small Tourism [LOST] Firms in the F... file 4658 Oct 13, 2013

Lifestyle has been oft cited in the literature as the main motivation for those establishing or acquiring tourism related businesses in attractive destinations. However, the term has many different dimensions and connotations, both positive...

Author: Jack Carlsen & Alison Morrison 

Year: 2008 

118 Think Tank XI Visualising Sustainability: Reflections on Applied Stu... file 4675 Oct 14, 2013

As Sontag (1979) stated, we live in an image-based world within which we are continuously bombarded with visuals in countless formats and guises. However, despite such image saturation, academic engagement whether through teaching or resear...

Author: Caroline Scarles 

Year: 2011 

117 Think Tank XIX Exploring guest book inscriptions towards understandin... file 4681 Oct 23, 2019

Key words: visitor experience, guest books, Mnemba Island Lodge, Zanzibar Page: 125-139 Exploring guest book inscriptions towards understanding tourist experience at Mnemba Island Lodge.pdf Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* S...

Author: Kevin Mearns 

Year: 2019 

116 Think Tank V Crisis Communications and Tourism Recovery Strategies ... file 4684 Oct 13, 2013

This paper describes the application of lessons and processes gleaned from previous crises and disasters to the tourism recovery process for the Maldives following the tsunami of December 26 th , 2004. An assessment of existing literature as...

Author: Jack Carlsen 

Year: 2005 

OPA: 2005 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

115 Think Tank XIV Development of a Certification System for Sustainable ... file 4733 Jun 27, 2014

Tourism destinations are complex entities that can be defined as geographical areas of different sizes that are being visited by tourists. Most definitions then differentiate between the perspectives of those living in and managing a destina...

Author: Wolfgang Strasdas 

Year: 2014