Author : Whitney Knollenberg & Nancy Gard McGehee
School/Work Place : Virginia Tech, USA
Contact :
Year : 2014

The development of sustainable and competitive tourism destinations is contingent upon many factors including the creation of inclusive policy (Pforr, 2006), the development and implementation of strategic plans (Jordan, Vogt, Kruger, and Grewe, 2013), and establishment of cooperative partnerships (Beritelli, 2011). As several authors have noted all of these management and governance functions within a tourism destination are influenced by power (Bramwell, 2006; Hall, 2003). While a growing body of literature exists that examines the complexity of tourism development, including assessment of stakeholders’ needs in the tourism planning and development process (Sautter and Leisen, 1999; Simpson, 2001), power structures and tourism planning (Jordan et al., 2013), and the effectiveness of various governance models in tourism development (Beaumont and Dredge, 2010), less is known about the individual leaders who help influence tourism destination development.

Pechlaner, Kozak, and Volgger (2014, p. 1) identify the need for an examination of tourism leadership as they suggest “understanding who is able and willing to lead destinations may help to explain differences between more and less competitive destinations, especially in times of economic turbulence.” This supports work by Beritelli (2011) who calls for greater emphasis on the examination of influential individuals in tourism destinations. While recent work has improved our understanding of the connection between leadership and power (Blichfeldt, Hird, and Kvistgaard, 2014; Slocum and Everett, 2014); partnerships (Zehrer, Raich, Siller, and Tschiderer, 2014); and governance systems (Beritelli and Bieger, 2014; Valente, Dredge, and Lohmann, 2014) a more holistic examination of leadership’s role in tourism is missing. To help provide a broader understanding of tourism leadership this research employs a framework which conceptualizes leadership as the central influence behind the interconnected forces which shape tourism destination development, power, planning, policy, and partnerships (Figure 1). Through the use of this framework this research will 1) analyze literature related to power, planning, policy, and partnerships to explore the potential role of leadership in each of these tourism development forces and 2) use this synthesis to develop a research agenda that may guide future tourism leadership studies.

List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
234 Think Tank XV The role of interpretation in mindfulness/mindlessness... file 3103 Jul 27, 2015

Cultural tourism is recently receiving increasing attention from southern African countries (The South African National Heritage and Cultural Tourism Strategy, 2012; Van Veuren, 2001). Cultural tourism is promoted as a local development stra...

Author: Haretsebe Manwa, Dudu Boemah & Emile Coetzee 

Year: 2015 

233 Think Tank XI Identifying Critical Issues in Designing Educational T... file 3126 Oct 14, 2013

Education is seen as an important way to contribute to development. The World Bank finances educational projects with large amounts of money every year because it is convinced that improving education can help alleviate poverty by raising i...

Author: Kerstin Freudenthaler & Anja Hergesell 

Year: 2011 

232 Think Tank VIII An Assessment of Efforts to Enhance the Quality of Lif... file 3134 Oct 13, 2013

Quality of life studies are usually either objective or subjective in nature. Objective quality of life studies concentrate on social indicators whereas subjective quality of life studies attempt to assess the perceived satisfaction that in...

Author: Turgut Var, Erhan Ada, Gökce Ozdemir & Deniz Hasirci 

Year: 2008 

231 Think Tank X Indigenous Values Help Shape a Universal Tourism Ethic file 3149 Oct 13, 2013

Indigenous communities from around the planet are defining common values in their tourism programs that attract visitors seeking authentic, transformational experiences. The Maori of New Zealand, Aborigines of Australia, Maasai of Kenya, Am...

Author: Ben Sherman 

Year: 2010 

230 Think Tank XII The Way Forward: Event Management Education and the Fu... file 3190 Nov 06, 2013

The 2011 BESTEN Think Tank XI highlighted a number of issues and themes related to education and learning for sustainable tourism. The themes addressed issues such as learning tools for sustainability, sustainability courses and curricula an...

Author: Olga Junek, Leonie Lockstone-Binney & Martin Robertson 

Year: 2012 

229 Think Tank V Effects of SARS Crisis on the Economic Contribution of... file 3202 Oct 13, 2013

In a context of uncertainty over traveller security, tourism experienced two major crises in 2003- the Iraq War and SARS. While the relative impacts of a complex array of impacts on travel decisionmaking are almost impossible to dissect, thi...

Author: Larry Dwyer, Peter Forsyth & Ray Spurr 

Year: 2005 

228 Think Tank VIII Tourism Professionals’ Attitudes towards Climate Chang... file 3206 Oct 13, 2013

This paper discusses three aspects of the interrelationship between tourism and climate change: the perception of the problems related to global warming by tourism professionals, their suggestions concerning possible actions that can be tak...

Author: Xavier Matteucci & Dagmar Lund-Durlacher 

Year: 2008 

227 Think Tank VI Corporate Responsibility as Essential to Sustainable T... file 3218 Oct 13, 2013

For tourism development to have sustainable outcomes at the destination level, business operations must be sustainable. Sustainable development for business means adopting strategies and activities that meet the needs of the enterprise and ...

Author: Larry Dwyer, Liz Fredline, Leo Jago & Margaret Deery 

Year: 2006 

226 Think Tank IV The Benefits of Visitor and Non-Visitor Research in th... file 3229 Oct 13, 2013

Our premise in this paper is that if sustainable tourism development and management is to meet the needs of both the present and the future then it is equally important to prioritise research on those who visit tourism destinations (and incl...

Author: Pat Sterry & Debra Leighton 

Year: 2004 

225 Think Tank IV Sustainable Tourism and Innovation in Mobile Tourism S... file 3232 Oct 13, 2013

This paper presents a joint public and private sector research project entitled Mobile Digital City and Nature Walks - the development of content and software for a mobile tourism device. Focusing on sustainable tourism, marketing and innova...

Author: Janne J. Liburd 

Year: 2004 

224 Think Tank XIV Influence of Assets and Capital Structure on the Perfo... file 3269 Jun 26, 2014

The global economic and financial crisis could be seen as old news according to the UNWTO’s data on international tourist arrivals. Europe recorded a solid 5% growth in 2013, and Mediterranean countries performed even better with 6% growth i...

Author: Kir Kuščer & Domen Trobec 

Year: 2014 

223 Think Tank XIV Hospitality of Sustainable Tourism Encounters: Experie... file 3293 Jun 26, 2014

Global tourism is, at least to some extent, based upon to the vast inequalities between wealthy and impoverished (Cole & Morgan 2010, xv). Neglecting, or actively forgetting, the legacy of colonialism and the modern forms of economic and...

Author: Emily Höckert 

Year: 2014 

222 Think Tank VI Corporate Social Responsibility and Employees in Susta... file 3304 Oct 13, 2013

The concept of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has developed significantly over the last decade and has taken on a myriad of meanings. For many companies, it is a philosophy that helps guide their actions in the external environment. E...

Author: Margaret Deery & Leo Jago 

Year: 2006 

221 OPA award Active community participation in nature conservation ... file 3326 Jul 27, 2015

This paper provides a conceptual framework of community- based nature conservation and tourism (CBC-T). The following themes are guiding discussions in this study, i.e.: land rights of local communities in and around protected areas; communi...

Author: Jones Muzirambi & Kevin Mearns 

Year: 2015 

OPA: 2015 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

220 Think Tank IV Mass-ski Tourism in the Dolomites and Sustainability: ... file 3339 Oct 13, 2013

The aim of this paper is to highlight the impact of mass-ski tourism on the environment in the Dolomites (Italian Alps), where in winter the principal activities are snow sports. In implementing this development model the Dolomite region has...

Author: Mariangela Franch, Umberto Martini, Pier Luigi Novi Inverardi, Federica Buffa, Pietro Marzani & Maria Della Lucia 

Year: 2004 

OPA: 2004 Runner Up 

219 Think Tank XVII The Role of Tour guide for Sustainable Tourism with th... file 3382 Aug 17, 2017

The emergence of information technology has a profound impact on tourism industry. Today, visitors are more inclined to have searched the Internet to gain more pre-tour knowledge for the destinations than before. The advances of the various ...

Author: Daisy Suk-fong FUNG 

Year: 2017 

218 Think Tank XIV Residents' Support for Tourism from the Standpoint of ... file 3401 Jun 26, 2014

Therefore, being of a different nature than sustainability pillars, political sustainability (Mihalic et al., 2012) is a requirement for sustainable tourism development (Edgell, DelMastro Allen, Smith & Swanson, 2008; UNWTO, 2004). This ...

Author: Tanja Mihalič, Tina Šegota, Ljubica Knežević Cvelbar, Kir Kuščer 

Year: 2014 

217 Think Tank IV A Framework for the Development of Social and Socio-Ec... file 3402 Oct 13, 2013

This paper presents the background thinking to a CRC for Sustainable Tourism project that develops social and socio-economic indicators for tourism communities. The project emanates from the Green Globe 21 Standard that incorporates indicato...

Author: Margaret Deery, Leo Jago & Liz Fredline 

Year: 2004 

216 Think Tank XV A vacation from capitalism; what happens when the ‘mas... file 3411 Jul 27, 2015

Philosophical and theoretical debates in tourism must be situated not just within economic and cultural contexts, but also political and social ones (Ataljevic, Pritchard & Morgan, 2007). Tourism is more than an ‘industry,’ Freya Higgins...

Author: Amy Savener 

Year: 2015 

215 Think Tank VI Family Businesses and Sustainable Tourism: the Role of... file 3436 Oct 13, 2013

Family businesses, that is, businesses owned and/or operated my members of a single family, are predominant in Western economies. This is also an important category of business within tourism hospitality, particularly in rural areas where r...

Author: Janne J. Liburd & Jack Carlsen 

Year: 2006