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RESOURCES: PAPERS & PRESENTATIONS

Author : Elizabeth Ann Kruger
School/Work Place : University of Pretoria, South Africa
Contact : elizabeth.kruger@up.ac.za
Year : 2015

Tourists are often depicted as irresponsible consumers, with mass tourism being linked to extensive consumerism in society (Sharpley, 2012; Singh, 2012)and tourists as consumers are part of the “culture-ideology of consumerism” (Higgins-Desbiolles, 2010:119). Tourism is said to be a good example of consumerism because it is an ‘induced want’ and an optional item to consume, usually for pleasure-seeking purposes. The rate at which tourism consumerism is growing, can be ascribed to tourism marketers telling people that they need it and that they have a ‘right’ to travel and tourism (Higgins-Desbiolles, 2010).Despite the critical view of tourists as hedonistic consumers, countermeasures are also increasingly guiding tourists toward self-regulated, responsible consumption (UNWTO, N.d.). It is stated that very few tourists intentionally abuse the destinations they are visiting and that many visitors are seeking to make environmentally and socially responsible choices (Hall, 2009). At the same time little evidence has been found that tourists are fundamentally transforming to the principles of responsible tourism consumption (Ballantyne, Packer & Falk, 2011; Sharpley, 2012; Wu, Huang, Liu & Law, 2013), with existing studies revealing unawareness of individual impacts (Pearce, 2011).


List of Articles
No. Subject Views Datesort
» Think Tank XV Environmental beliefs and feelings toward nature among... file 4212 Jul 27, 2015

Tourists are often depicted as irresponsible consumers, with mass tourism being linked to extensive consumerism in society (Sharpley, 2012; Singh, 2012)and tourists as consumers are part of the “culture-ideology of consumerism” (Higgins-Desb...

Author: Elizabeth Ann Kruger 

Year: 2015 

4 Think Tank XII Destination Governance and Tourist Mobilities: New Par... file 5430 Nov 06, 2013

Resort communities are complex systems where destination governance has become increasingly challenged by new mobilities of capital, finance, labor, communication, transportation, leisure and tourism. Popular destinations like the coastal co...

Author: Dianne Dredge & Tazim Jamal 

Year: 2012 

3 Think Tank VIII Emerging Green Tourists: Their Behaviours and Attitudes file 5105 Oct 13, 2013

The concerns are varied and are not necessarily important to all tourists and the influence they have on sustaining the industry is unknown. For years the tourism industry has used a number of mechanisms in an attempt to green operators. The...

Author: Sue Bergin-Seers & Judith Mair 

Year: 2008 

2 Think Tank VIII Shared Playgrounds: Contrasting Visitor Perspectives o... file 7102 Oct 13, 2013

Tourism is forming an increasingly significant component of the social and economic fabric of many major cities around the world. The quality of life for the residents of a city can be both degraded and enhanced by tourism and its associated...

Author: Tony Griffin, Deborah Edwards, Katie Schlenker & Bruce Hayllar 

Year: 2008 

1 Think Tank VII Volunteer Tourism: Sustainable Innovation in Tourism, ... file 6208 Oct 13, 2013

This is a study of the relationships between two volunteer tourism host communities and the volunteer tourists who visit them. One is a declining rural community located in the Appalachian mountains of the United States. The other is in a ra...

Author: Nancy McGehee 

Year: 2007 

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