Author : Samuel Folorunso Adeyinka-Ojo, Catheryn Khoo-Lattimore & Vikneswaran Nair
School/Work Place : Taylor's University, Malaysia
Contact :
Year : 2013

As the tourism industry continues to grow globally, sustainable tourism development has drawn interests among researchers, practitioners, governments and stakeholders. There are several studies on the local residents’ support for tourism, local community participation in tourism development, sustainable tourism development, sustainable tourism indicators, economic and socio-cultural impacts of tourism. However, past studies revealed that studies on local community’s support for sustainable tourism development specifically in rural tourism destination appears to have been given very little attention in the literature, hence the need to study this concept. In addition, research has been undertaken on environmental impacts of tourism, positive and negative effects of tourism on the host community.

The main aim of this study is to conceptualise a framework to analyse factors influencing the local community’s support for sustainable tourism development in rural destination. Local community is regarded as one of the most important stakeholders in rural destination as the host of the tourists who are seeking for a memorable holiday experience. Therefore, local community’s participation and contributions to sustainable rural tourism development cannot be overemphasised. In achieving the above objective, the study adopts secondary research by examining the existing literature on sustainable development, sustainable tourism development, responsible tourism, rural tourism, community based tourism and the local community’s support in planning and managing tourism growth to promote the positive impacts of tourism and to minimise the negative effects in destinations. Furthermore, the study also combines relationship-based theories, resource-based theories and politics-based theories to understand certain factors underlying local community’s support for sustainable tourism development.

Based on the study framework, the paper suggests that there are factors influencing the local community’s support for sustainable tourism development in rural destinations. Among these are: community attachment, community involvement, sense of community, tourism benefits, participation in decision–making process, conservation of the tourist environment, quality of life, promotion of culture, festival and gastronomy. The study also indicates four other factors which might oppose local community’s support for sustainable tourism development in rural destination. However, this will largely be dependent on characteristics peculiar to such rural tourism destination. These factors are robust state of the local economy, residents’ occupational identity, negative impacts of tourism or costs of tourism to the destination and economic detachment or independence from tourism. More importantly, the study also suggest that socio-demographic variables of the community; for example gender and power deserves further studies because this could be regarded as moderating factors between local community’s support and sustainable tourism development in rural destinations.

List of Articles
No. Subject Views Date
122 Think Tank XIII Building community capacity by developing regional bus... file 3734 Nov 06, 2013

Tourism is often proposed as a strategy for community development, especially in rural or remote regions where traditional industries, such as agriculture, are experiencing an economic downturn and there are limited alternative opportunities...

Author: Anna Blackman 

Year: 2013 

121 Think Tank XIII Tourism development led by the Third Sector - Impacts ... file 3822 Nov 06, 2013

Most tourism development is initiated and led by either the private or the public sector. These projects’ potential impacts on host communities have been explored since the 1980s, and they are now relatively well known. This is not the case ...

Author: Julia N. Albrecht & My N. D. Tran 

Year: 2013 

» Think Tank XIII Conceptualising a Framework to Analyse the Factors Inf... file 15923 Nov 06, 2013

As the tourism industry continues to grow globally, sustainable tourism development has drawn interests among researchers, practitioners, governments and stakeholders. There are several studies on the local residents’ support for tourism, lo...

Author: Samuel Folorunso Adeyinka-Ojo, Catheryn Khoo-Lattimore & Vikneswaran Nair 

Year: 2013 

119 Think Tank XII Are We Moving Towards Education for Sustainability? A ... file 6311 Nov 06, 2013

It is nearing the end of the United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (2005-2014) (United Nations, 2011), an awareness raising campaign which “seeks to mobilize the educational resources of the world to help create a mo...

Author: Erica Wilson, Tania von der Heidt, Geoffrey Lamberton & Dayle Morrison 

Year: 2012 

118 Think Tank XII Controlling and Influencing Visitor Flow as a Basis fo... file 4182 Nov 06, 2013

Sustainable tourism at a destination is dependent on the maintenance and good management of its attractive assets. In non-urban areas, the assets will primarily be geological, natural and/or cultural, frequently of a sensitive nature, liable...

Author: David Ward-Perkins & Frédéric Dimanche 

Year: 2012 

117 Think Tank XII Furthering the Understanding of the Slow Travel Phenom... file 7453 Nov 06, 2013

Slow travel is a relatively new concept. Originally this was a grass root movement, which now is becoming an interest area for scholars. The first organised networks and forums started to emerge approximately a decade ago. A slow travel webs...

Author: Tina Roenhovde Tiller 

Year: 2012 

116 Think Tank XII Opportunities and Obstacles for Sustainable Tourism Mo... file 4606 Nov 06, 2013

Cross border destination management is characterized by some extra challenges: national, district or county interests, different administrative structures, a high impact of politics and policies, inequality of tourism infrastructures, power ...

Author: Tatjana Thimm 

Year: 2012 

115 Think Tank XII The Climate Footprint of Nature-based Tourism - The ca... file 19690 Nov 06, 2013

Nature-based tourism is a form of travel that is often believed to lend itself more to sustainable development than other tourism segments. In fact, the concept of ecotourism – defined as nature tourism that is sustainable – was developed in...

Author: Wolfgang Strasdas 

Year: 2012 

114 Think Tank XII Enhancing Stakeholders' Participation in Community-Bas... file 15796 Nov 06, 2013

Although the iconic floating markets in Thailand have been promoted both domestically and internationally, without a well-planned tourism initiative, virtually all of them have lost their authenticity. To preserve the culture of the Don-Mano...

Author: Nopparat Suthitakon, Sombat Karnjanakit & Suchart Taweepornpathomgul 

Year: 2012 

113 Think Tank XII Intersecting Mobilities: Tourists with Vision Impairme... file 4699 Nov 06, 2013

While there has been a developing interest in mobilities amongst tourism scholars, the notion of immobilities has often been ignored. Yet, there are many people who do not participate in tourism or, if they do, only experience partial mobili...

Author: Jennifer Small 

Year: 2012 

112 Think Tank XII Causality Between Inbound Tourism and Economic Growth:... file 3776 Nov 06, 2013

This paper examines the existing studies of the relationship between inbound tourism and economic growth. After a brief discussion of general economic growth theory and the reasons why a positive causal relationship may exist between export ...

Author: Mondher Sahli & Simon Carey 

Year: 2012 

111 Think Tank XII Slow Travellers - Who Are They, and What Motivates Them? file 2788 Nov 06, 2013

Tourism’s contribution to global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is estimated to be around 5% and is forecast to grow rapidly, to around 16% of global emissions by 2020. Future strategies for mitigation must address the levels of demand for t...

Author: Derek Robbins & Jaedong Cho 

Year: 2012 

OPA: 2012 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

110 Think Tank XII A Global Tourism Geography - The Role of Transport file 5499 Nov 06, 2013

After decades of tourism research definitions and statistics of global tourism, flows are still not uniformly defined. A problem is that scholars, sector stakeholders and policy makers tend to have a biased image of the global tourism system...

Author: Paul Peeters & Martin Landré 

Year: 2012 

109 Think Tank XII Unsustainable Travel Development: The Case of Aviation... file 2961 Nov 06, 2013

Considering the apparent importance of low-cost aviation, and its dramatic development, there is remarkably little research done about its consequences on European mobility. A few studies have mapped the development of networks (cf. Dobruszk...

Author: Jan Henrik Nilsson 

Year: 2012 

108 Think Tank XII Enhancing Social Capital through Networking for Sustai... file 3641 Nov 06, 2013

Social capital has been recognised as a factor affecting sustainable development in every discipline. A network or a partnership is identified as a “structural” form of social capital and a tool to empower participants in the networks. There...

Author: Attama Nilnoppkun 

Year: 2012 

107 Think Tank XII Blurred Boundaries: The Implications of New Tourism Mo... file 8023 Nov 06, 2013

Tourism is traditionally treated as an escape from everyday life and tourism theory is concerned with extraordinary places. Tourism and everyday life are conceptualized as belonging to different ontological worlds.” (Larsen, 2008, p. 27). A...

Author: Laurie Murphy, Gianna Moscardo, Nancy McGehee & Elena Konovalov 

Year: 2012 

106 Think Tank XII Barriers and Benefits to Professional Development: Per... file 30665 Nov 06, 2013

This paper builds upon the body of literature on tourism mobilities by considering supply-side perspectives as it relates to workforce planning and preparation. Research into tourism destination competitiveness has suggested that for a touri...

Author: Kevin Lyons, Joanne Hanley & Tamara Young 

Year: 2012 

105 Think Tank XII Mobile Learning for Sustainable Tourism Development: T... file 3436 Nov 06, 2013

This paper examines how mobility in higher tourism education may contribute to a dynamic leaning environment capable of integrating transnational and intercultural learning for sustainable tourism development. Central to this is the opening ...

Author: Janne J. Liburd 

Year: 2012 

104 Think Tank XII Creating Tourism Transport Flow Maps with GIS: A Pract... file 4848 Nov 06, 2013

This paper explores various options to visualize tourism transport flows with spatial analysis tools and show them on maps. To facilitate implementation of these options, procedures for data preparation and map creation are explained through...

Author: Martin Landré & Paul Peeters 

Year: 2012 

103 Think Tank XII The Way Forward: Event Management Education and the Fu... file 3104 Nov 06, 2013

The 2011 BESTEN Think Tank XI highlighted a number of issues and themes related to education and learning for sustainable tourism. The themes addressed issues such as learning tools for sustainability, sustainability courses and curricula an...

Author: Olga Junek, Leonie Lockstone-Binney & Martin Robertson 

Year: 2012