Author : Whitney Knollenberg & Nancy Gard McGehee
School/Work Place : Virginia Tech, USA
Contact :
Year : 2014

The development of sustainable and competitive tourism destinations is contingent upon many factors including the creation of inclusive policy (Pforr, 2006), the development and implementation of strategic plans (Jordan, Vogt, Kruger, and Grewe, 2013), and establishment of cooperative partnerships (Beritelli, 2011). As several authors have noted all of these management and governance functions within a tourism destination are influenced by power (Bramwell, 2006; Hall, 2003). While a growing body of literature exists that examines the complexity of tourism development, including assessment of stakeholders’ needs in the tourism planning and development process (Sautter and Leisen, 1999; Simpson, 2001), power structures and tourism planning (Jordan et al., 2013), and the effectiveness of various governance models in tourism development (Beaumont and Dredge, 2010), less is known about the individual leaders who help influence tourism destination development.

Pechlaner, Kozak, and Volgger (2014, p. 1) identify the need for an examination of tourism leadership as they suggest “understanding who is able and willing to lead destinations may help to explain differences between more and less competitive destinations, especially in times of economic turbulence.” This supports work by Beritelli (2011) who calls for greater emphasis on the examination of influential individuals in tourism destinations. While recent work has improved our understanding of the connection between leadership and power (Blichfeldt, Hird, and Kvistgaard, 2014; Slocum and Everett, 2014); partnerships (Zehrer, Raich, Siller, and Tschiderer, 2014); and governance systems (Beritelli and Bieger, 2014; Valente, Dredge, and Lohmann, 2014) a more holistic examination of leadership’s role in tourism is missing. To help provide a broader understanding of tourism leadership this research employs a framework which conceptualizes leadership as the central influence behind the interconnected forces which shape tourism destination development, power, planning, policy, and partnerships (Figure 1). Through the use of this framework this research will 1) analyze literature related to power, planning, policy, and partnerships to explore the potential role of leadership in each of these tourism development forces and 2) use this synthesis to develop a research agenda that may guide future tourism leadership studies.

List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
162 Think Tank VI How Sophisticated is the level of E-Commerce Adoption ... file 3585 Oct 13, 2013

The research aims to develop a conceptual model of e-commerce adoption in tourism enterprises. The paper begins with a literature review identifying the opportunities and competitive advantage for tourism enterprises associated with E-commer...

Author: Nina Mistilis & John D’Ambra 

Year: 2006 

161 Think Tank XII Identifying Issues with Tourist Wayfinding: A Collabor... file 3586 Nov 06, 2013

This paper reports on a study that was conducted in conjunction with Destination NSW, the government tourism authority for the state of New South Wales in Australia. The purpose of the study was to examine tourist wayfinding behaviour in Syd...

Author: Tony Griffin & Deborah Edwards 

Year: 2012 

160 Think Tank V Tourism in Small Communities: Risks and Benefits file 3680 Oct 13, 2013

This paper presents the findings from a Sustainable Tourism Co-operative Research Centre study into the risks associated with the social impacts of tourism on a small community in the Australian state of Tasmania. This state is known for its...

Author: Leo Jago, Margaret Deery & Liz Fredline 

Year: 2005 

159 Think Tank IV Environmental Attitudes of Tourism Activity Providers ... file 3722 Oct 13, 2013

This paper looks at the issue of environmental awareness and the related topic of 'ecolabels' in a New Zealand context, adopting a supplier's perspective to gain a greater insight into the attitudes of those managing and providing tourism pr...

Author: Christian Schott 

Year: 2004 

158 Think Tank XIV Influence of Assets and Capital Structure on the Perfo... file 3722 Jun 26, 2014

The global economic and financial crisis could be seen as old news according to the UNWTO’s data on international tourist arrivals. Europe recorded a solid 5% growth in 2013, and Mediterranean countries performed even better with 6% growth i...

Author: Kir Kuščer & Domen Trobec 

Year: 2014 

157 Think Tank XI Identifying Critical Issues in Designing Educational T... file 3731 Oct 14, 2013

Education is seen as an important way to contribute to development. The World Bank finances educational projects with large amounts of money every year because it is convinced that improving education can help alleviate poverty by raising i...

Author: Kerstin Freudenthaler & Anja Hergesell 

Year: 2011 

156 Think Tank XIV Hospitality of Sustainable Tourism Encounters: Experie... file 3776 Jun 26, 2014

Global tourism is, at least to some extent, based upon to the vast inequalities between wealthy and impoverished (Cole & Morgan 2010, xv). Neglecting, or actively forgetting, the legacy of colonialism and the modern forms of economic and...

Author: Emily Höckert 

Year: 2014 

155 Think Tank V Effects of SARS Crisis on the Economic Contribution of... file 3821 Oct 13, 2013

In a context of uncertainty over traveller security, tourism experienced two major crises in 2003- the Iraq War and SARS. While the relative impacts of a complex array of impacts on travel decisionmaking are almost impossible to dissect, thi...

Author: Larry Dwyer, Peter Forsyth & Ray Spurr 

Year: 2005 

154 Think Tank XII Unsustainable Travel Development: The Case of Aviation... file 3838 Nov 06, 2013

Considering the apparent importance of low-cost aviation, and its dramatic development, there is remarkably little research done about its consequences on European mobility. A few studies have mapped the development of networks (cf. Dobruszk...

Author: Jan Henrik Nilsson 

Year: 2012 

153 Think Tank XII The Way Forward: Event Management Education and the Fu... file 3902 Nov 06, 2013

The 2011 BESTEN Think Tank XI highlighted a number of issues and themes related to education and learning for sustainable tourism. The themes addressed issues such as learning tools for sustainability, sustainability courses and curricula an...

Author: Olga Junek, Leonie Lockstone-Binney & Martin Robertson 

Year: 2012 

152 Think Tank IV A Framework for the Development of Social and Socio-Ec... file 3905 Oct 13, 2013

This paper presents the background thinking to a CRC for Sustainable Tourism project that develops social and socio-economic indicators for tourism communities. The project emanates from the Green Globe 21 Standard that incorporates indicato...

Author: Margaret Deery, Leo Jago & Liz Fredline 

Year: 2004 

151 Think Tank VIII A Framework for Work-Life Balance Practices in the Tou... file 3934 Oct 13, 2013

This paper addresses the key issues surrounding the debate over work-life balance. It provides an overview of current thinking in the general work environment, with specific focus on the issue within the tourism industry. This paper present...

Author: Margaret Deery & Leo Jago 

Year: 2008 

OPA: 2008 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

150 Think Tank XIV Residents' Support for Tourism from the Standpoint of ... file 3974 Jun 26, 2014

Therefore, being of a different nature than sustainability pillars, political sustainability (Mihalic et al., 2012) is a requirement for sustainable tourism development (Edgell, DelMastro Allen, Smith & Swanson, 2008; UNWTO, 2004). This ...

Author: Tanja Mihalič, Tina Šegota, Ljubica Knežević Cvelbar, Kir Kuščer 

Year: 2014 

149 Think Tank XII Slow Travellers - Who Are They, and What Motivates Them? file 4006 Nov 06, 2013

Tourism’s contribution to global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is estimated to be around 5% and is forecast to grow rapidly, to around 16% of global emissions by 2020. Future strategies for mitigation must address the levels of demand for t...

Author: Derek Robbins & Jaedong Cho 

Year: 2012 

OPA: 2012 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

148 Think Tank VII Thematic Analysis of Sustainable Tourism and the Tripl... file 4030 Oct 13, 2013

The relationship between the themes in sustainable tourism publications and the Triple Bottom Line (TBL) was explored in this article. A categorised list of 3719 sustainable tourism articles was thematically analysed to determine the conten...

Author: Michael Hughes & Jack Carlsen 

Year: 2007 

147 Think Tank XII Mobile Learning for Sustainable Tourism Development: T... file 4039 Nov 06, 2013

This paper examines how mobility in higher tourism education may contribute to a dynamic leaning environment capable of integrating transnational and intercultural learning for sustainable tourism development. Central to this is the opening ...

Author: Janne J. Liburd 

Year: 2012 

146 Think Tank IX Using Social and Political Values to Assess Host Commu... file 4039 Oct 13, 2013

Tourism, like any other endeavour, operates within the social and political domains of a community, and it is therefore likely that residents with different social and political values would hold different representations of tourism. In the ...

Author: Margaret Deery, Leo Jago & Liz Fredline 

Year: 2009 

145 Think Tank IV Sustainable Tourism and Innovation in Mobile Tourism S... file 4044 Oct 13, 2013

This paper presents a joint public and private sector research project entitled Mobile Digital City and Nature Walks - the development of content and software for a mobile tourism device. Focusing on sustainable tourism, marketing and innova...

Author: Janne J. Liburd 

Year: 2004 

144 Think Tank XII Does Migration Have a Bigger Impact on VFR than Total ... file 4098 Nov 06, 2013

As an important global market by purpose of travel, visiting friends and relatives, VFR, is closely associated with the history and development of international migration patterns which are a more permanent form of travel. Further, the impor...

Author: Larry Dwyer, Neelu Seetaram, Peter Forsyth & Brian King 

Year: 2012 

143 Think Tank XIII City Slicker to Roo Carer: The Journey of a Wildlife V... file 4132 Nov 06, 2013

The level of interest and participation in voluntourism has progressively become a major sector in contemporary tourism. The notion of combining a novel and pleasurable tourism experience with the fulfillment of contributing a worthwhile cau...

Author: Eunice Tan 

Year: 2013