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Author : Caroline Scarles
School/Work Place : University of Surrey, UK
Contact : c.scarles@surrey.ac.uk
Year : 2011

As Sontag (1979) stated, we live in an image-based world within which we are continuously bombarded with visuals in countless formats and guises. However, despite such image saturation, academic engagement whether through teaching or research continues to be restrained within the boundaries of text as the written word. While Barthes (1977) refers to the "image as text", this paper suggests that such analogies to the image as a form of representation fail to capture the potential of the visual as a vehicle for learning and teaching within academic environments. Indeed, while visuals are increasingly adopted within the learning and teaching environment, examples of the use of visuals as a means of assessment remain relatively scarce. Drawing upon two innovative forms of assessment, this paper therefore seeks to explore the opportunities the visual affords for encouraging deeper reflexivity, creativity and understanding within the student experience. As students are required to understand the complexities of sustainable tourism, this paper suggests that innovative forms of visual-based assessment offer not only the opportunity for students not only to draw upon existing third-party images to support or enhance their work, but in creating their own images, students become empowered within the learning environment. Thus, visuals generate opportunity for deeper engagement and in turn, learning and understanding of sustainable tourism during their experience.


List of Articles
No. Subject Views Date
4 Think Tank XIV Psychological Empowerment as Good Policy for Governanc... file 4418 Jun 26, 2014

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the potential impact psychological empowerment can have on sustainable tourism policy objectives, including improving resident attitudes toward tourism, enhancing destination competitiveness, and maint...

Author: B. Bynum Boley & Nancy Gard McGehee 

Year: 2014 

3 Think Tank XIII The Paradox of poverty amidst the plenty of nature: co... file 5930 Nov 06, 2013

Rural communities in South Africa have not been active stakeholders in tourism development. Community awareness and involvement in the preservation of natural and cultural heritage through sustainable tourism development in selected areas ad...

Author: Felicit√© A. Fairer-Wessels 

Year: 2013 

2 Think Tank XII Enhancing Stakeholders' Participation in Community-Bas... file 14908 Nov 06, 2013

Although the iconic floating markets in Thailand have been promoted both domestically and internationally, without a well-planned tourism initiative, virtually all of them have lost their authenticity. To preserve the culture of the Don-Mano...

Author: Nopparat Suthitakon, Sombat Karnjanakit & Suchart Taweepornpathomgul 

Year: 2012 

» Think Tank XI Visualising Sustainability: Reflections on Applied Stu... file 4050 Oct 14, 2013

As Sontag (1979) stated, we live in an image-based world within which we are continuously bombarded with visuals in countless formats and guises. However, despite such image saturation, academic engagement whether through teaching or resear...

Author: Caroline Scarles 

Year: 2011 

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