Author : Menno Houtstra
School/Work Place : ECEAT International, Netherlands
Contact :
Year : 2006

The integration of sustainability within the domain of tourism has recently made considerable progress. For instance, in the UK and the Netherlands, the most important federations of tour operators, the FTO and the ANVR, have introduced obligatory minimum standards to contribute to sustainability. In fact, most tourism companies seem now to accept that they have corporate responsibility for the integration of sustainability into their practices. The UN-WTO has recently identified 15 goals for member states that should be adopted as policy orientation to reach sustainability in tourism. Nevertheless, not all stakeholders in tourism are ready to accept their exact roles in this process. For example, the European representation of the hospitality sector (HOTREC) has had until now an active policy to avoid environmental restrictions upon their hotels and restaurants. Furthermore, if sustainability principles are applied in the tourism sector there is a broad tendency to focus on minimising environmental impact rather than maximising the contribution to sustainable development. Finally, this environmental focus seems to be exported to the tourism sector outside the EU as main aspect of sustainable tourism. This orientation has been heavily criticised by NGO’s such as the International Ecotourism Society and the French GRET. So are we, considering the fact that there is a general willingness to take responsibility, on the right track or not?

In this article it is noted that there is hesitation to take full responsibility for sustainability in tourism and there is confusion on what should be the focus of responsible tourism management. The current trend to address to corporate responsibility of individual tourism companies need to be complemented by a strong approach of tourism sectors as a whole. There is a need of a better insight on what is the exact relation between the effects of their actions, responsibilities and roles for sustainable development. First, the different tourism sectors should agree on a definition of what is exactly the relative pressure that their activities have on the capacity of the region (in this case tourism destination) to develop in a sustainable way. Secondly, the sectors need an agreement on a fair assignment of roles and responsibilities to enlarge the capacity of the region for sustainable development. The tourism sectors need to know what the priorities are in order to invest effectively their scarce resources.

List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
42 Think Tank VII Thematic Analysis of Sustainable Tourism and the Tripl... file 2756 Oct 13, 2013

The relationship between the themes in sustainable tourism publications and the Triple Bottom Line (TBL) was explored in this article. A categorised list of 3719 sustainable tourism articles was thematically analysed to determine the conten...

Author: Michael Hughes & Jack Carlsen 

Year: 2007 

41 Think Tank VIII Assessing Whose Quality of Life: A Critical Examinatio... file 2698 Oct 13, 2013

Almost all the academic literature on tourism impacts has focussed on the consequences of tourism for the destination and its residents. Very little attention has been paid to the impacts of tourism on tourists. Virtually all cost-benefit an...

Author: Gianna Moscardo 

Year: 2008 

40 Think Tank XII Slow Travellers - Who Are They, and What Motivates Them? file 2628 Nov 06, 2013

Tourism’s contribution to global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is estimated to be around 5% and is forecast to grow rapidly, to around 16% of global emissions by 2020. Future strategies for mitigation must address the levels of demand for t...

Author: Derek Robbins & Jaedong Cho 

Year: 2012 

OPA: 2012 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

39 Think Tank XII It's how you get there: Developing a Transportation Mo... file 2626 Nov 06, 2013

This paper examines the impacts of alternative modes of transportation utilized for an international study course in Ecuador during two consecutive summers. The analysis includes the perceived value of the student participants in relation to...

Author: Kenneth Cohen & John Bowen 

Year: 2012 

38 Think Tank XII Agent-Based Modelling and Simulation of Tourism Flows:... file 2562 Nov 06, 2013

The aim of this working paper is to demonstrate an interactive, real-time, transparent and dynamic approach to modelling tourism mobilities using agent-based simulation models [ABM]. ABM has previously been employed in studying organizationa...

Author: Jack Carlsen & Scott Heckbert 

Year: 2012 

37 Think Tank XIV Sustainability and the Politics of Place in Resort Des... file 2530 Jun 26, 2014

The nature of a resort will reflect the varying coalitions, partnerships and discourses that emerge from the relative power of actors within the dominant political regime (Gill 2007). In this paper we examine the evolving discourse around th...

Author: Alison M. Gill & Peter W. Williams 

Year: 2014 

36 Think Tank XIV Stakeholder Collaboration and Contestation in Tourism ... file 2521 Jun 26, 2014

Since Timor-Leste gained its independence in 2002, tourism has been promoted by both government and NGOs as a means to create jobs, build businesses, create income for national and local economics and improve regional economic imbalances (Ti...

Author: Sara Currie & Lindsay Turner 

Year: 2014 

35 Think Tank XIV The Prospects for Sustainable Tourism in Vanuatu in th... file 2518 Jun 26, 2014

This paper explores the feasibility for Vanuatu of implementing several key international recommendations for policy-makers for the sustainable development (SD) of national tourism sectors (UNEP-WTO, 2005). It shows that the remarkable fragm...

Author: Valentina Dinica 

Year: 2014 

34 Think Tank XII Ex Post Investigations of Tourist Consumptions and Env... file 2457 Nov 06, 2013

Progress towards a more sustainable future of tourism is conditioned by simultaneous improvements of the production and consumption of leisure. Consequently, efforts are done by companies (hotels, airlines, tour operators, etc), governmental...

Author: Adriana Budeanu 

Year: 2012 

33 Think Tank V An Economic Explanation of the Net Benefits of Tourism... file 2400 Oct 13, 2013

International tourism is increasingly viewed as one of the best opportunities for a sustainable economic and social development of developing countries. There is also an increasing concern from public policy makers as to whether mass tourism...

Author: Mondher Sahli & Jean-Jacques Nowak 

Year: 2005 

32 Think Tank XV Lifelong learning for guiding and interpretation file 2352 Jul 27, 2015

Scholarship on guiding and interpretation positions formal training as a central factor in guide instruction. Guide training operates in the area that mediates between personal characteristics, attitudes and knowledge of the guides and what ...

Author: Julia N. Albrecht & Trisha Dwyer 

Year: 2015 

31 Think Tank VII Innovative Technologies in Travel and Tourism - Toward... file 2235 Oct 13, 2013

While it seems to be gradually dawning on humankind that the quality of our lives and (in extremis)survival of our and subsequent generations will depend to a significant extent on our ability and willingness to make urgent and significant ...

Author: Ivo Martinac 

Year: 2007 

30 Think Tank XII The Impact of Volcanic Ash Clouds in 2010 and 2011 on ... file 2215 Nov 06, 2013

Few recent events which disrupted global tourism and especially tourism mobility, match the impact of the volcanic ash clouds generated from the eruption of the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajokull in 2010 and the Chilean volcano Puyehue in 20...

Author: David Beirman 

Year: 2012 

29 Think Tank XII Tourist Cards - Experiences with Soft Mobility in Germ... file 2193 Nov 06, 2013

An increasing number of destinations face the negative sides of tourism transport. Especially, the motorized (individual) traffic can cause ecological problems due to a risen traffic volume, noise and air pollution or its negative effects on...

Author: Dorothea Dürkop & Sven Gross 

Year: 2012 

28 Think Tank XIV Exploring Youth Perspectives on Quality of Life and To... file 2174 Jun 26, 2014

The concept of Quality of Life (QoL) is implicit in conceptualisations of tourism, especially those used to develop and guide tourism policy and planning. At the individual level it is assumed that travel offers a number of different ways to...

Author: Anna Blackman, Gianna Moscardo, Andrea Schurmann & Laurie Murphy 

Year: 2014 

27 Think Tank XIV The Bukit Jalil Legacy: Local Residents' Perceptions o... file 2153 Jun 26, 2014

This paper explores local population’s perceptions of the development of the Bukit Jalil area after the 1998 Kuala Lumpur Commonwealth Games. The work on which this study is based is important because it provides a fundamental insight for th...

Author: Rui Qi Chong & Paolo Mura 

Year: 2014 

26 Think Tank XV Social Representations of Tourist Selfies: New Challen... file 2122 Jul 27, 2015

A number of recent incidents have focussed media attention on the phenomenon of tourist selfies, described their negative consequences for tourist destinations and identified a number of challenges for tourist site managers. This paper repor...

Author: John Pearce & Gianna Moscardo 

Year: 2015 

25 Think Tank XIV Welcoming Chinese Visitors and the Easternization of t... file 2121 Jun 26, 2014

Tourism academics, practitioners, governments and agencies around the world are in general agreement about the future of tourism in what commentators have tagged The Asian Century. Assuming demographic and economic conditions persist, the in...

Author: Patricia C. Johnson 

Year: 2014 

24 Think Tank VI How Sophisticated is the level of E-Commerce Adoption ... file 2107 Oct 13, 2013

The research aims to develop a conceptual model of e-commerce adoption in tourism enterprises. The paper begins with a literature review identifying the opportunities and competitive advantage for tourism enterprises associated with E-commer...

Author: Nina Mistilis & John D’Ambra 

Year: 2006 

23 Think Tank VII Social Responsibility and Innovation on Trafficking an... file 2039 Oct 13, 2013

Ethical questions related to globalization, human rights, unfair labor practices and trans-boundary exchanges of capital and work force create ever more complex challenges for the tourism sustainability agenda. In recent years, the tourism i...

Author: Camelia Tepelus 

Year: 2007