Author : Bente Bramming
School/Work Place : University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
Contact :
Year : 2006

This work aims through a clarification of philosophical assumptions to define authenticity in a dialogical perspective on the premise that there is a linkage between authenticity and sustainability. This paper will to discuss the development of a tool to identify the uniqueness of a given cultural heritage to underpin a sustainable tourism development. The field of the research is wide, ranging from the authenticity of the tourist experience over the socio-cultural authenticity of a host community to the intrinsic authenticity of an asset or event. The discourse on authenticity will be clarified and discussed with emphasis on a philosophical definition of the concept and the relationship between tourist and object. This project is to be seen as an attempt to combine the existentialistic philosophical tradition (Kierkegaard) with the literary concept of the Chronotope (Bakhtin). The chronotope constitutes a dialogical principle, which is preconditioned by the conflict of time and space. As time represents flux and space fixity the chronotope deals with a duality that can be applied to human existence as well as to tourist’s encounter with cultural heritage. The chronotope will be investigated as a tool for developing a strategy among stakeholders for decision making, policy and practices.

The suitability of the chronotope as a tool for mediating cultural heritage will be analyzed against the context of implementing the chronotope as a mediating strategy in a cultural heritage institution, entitled Taarnborg, and empirical research among the visitors of the institution. The analysis will in this way discuss to what extent the theory can be transformed to enterprise level.

The paper, which is a work in progress, aims to make a philosophical contribution through empirical research to a theoretical development in cultural tourism research that can be of value to tourism stakeholders.

List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
274 Think Tank XIV Exploring the potential of Community Based Ecotourism ... file 4122 Jun 27, 2014

Development in developing countries often results in mass land-use change and subsequent increase in greenhouse gas emission by deforestation or forest degradation. For instance, approximately a-fifth of global greenhouse gas emissions was a...

Author: Stephen Wearing, Paul Chatterton, Amy Reggers & Hanna Sakata 

Year: 2014 

273 Think Tank VIII Integrating Sustainability into Tourism Education and ... file 4112 Oct 13, 2013

The focus of this paper is to provide an overview of the current sustainability content in Irish tourism programmes and the identification of key trends in this regard. It is based on extensive research of secondary and tertiary education s...

Author: Jane Stacey, Sheila Flanagan, Kevin Griffin & Anna Tottle 

Year: 2008 

272 Think Tank VII Envisioning Sustainable Tourism Futures: An Evaluation... file 4058 Oct 13, 2013

Methods for researching the future have grown both in variety and rigour, offering new opportunities for understanding sustainable tourism. This paper discusses the value of futures research as a tool for envisioning and planning sustainable...

Author: Pierre Benckendorff 

Year: 2007 

OPA: 2007 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

271 Think Tank VI Corporate Social Responsibility and Travel & Tourism B... file 4057 Oct 13, 2013

This paper discusses some economic, social, and environmental “hard issues” for the travel and tourism (T&T) industry with the aim of shedding some light on little discussed aspects of industry corporate social responsibility (CSR) with ...

Author: David Stipanuk 

Year: 2006 

270 Think Tank V Using Theories of Stigma Management and Impression Man... file 4056 Oct 13, 2013

Researchers have noted that impression management is key to tourism crisis management planning and recovery (Ritchie et al., 2003:201); indeed, some have suggested that “crisis management is as much about dealing with human perceptions about...

Author: Bonalyn Nelson 

Year: 2005 

269 Think Tank XIV Bird-watching Routes as Collaborative Stakeholderships... file 4046 Jun 27, 2014

Although there are numerous birding trails with varying levels of success, prior to this study, little research existed as to how birding trails are designed, implemented and managed. Thus, the study posed and answered the following research...

Author: Krisztian Vas 

Year: 2014 

268 Think Tank IX The role of values in sustaining the hospitality labou... file 4014 Oct 13, 2013

The role of human resources in sustaining hospitality enterprises has long been recognized (Hjalager und Andersen 2001; Baum 2007). Personnel are considered vital for the delivery of touristic experiences, thus being a central ingredient of ...

Author: Anja Hergesell, Ulrike Bauernfeind & Dagmar Lund-Durlacher 

Year: 2009 

267 Think Tank X Drowning with Tourism? Stakeholder Perspectives from T... file 3999 Oct 13, 2013

Climate change and its impacts on nations, regions and populations as well as its anthropogenic causes have become one of the prevailing issues of global society and, hence, subject to ongoing debates among e.g. the natural, political and s...

Author: Anna Huebner 

Year: 2010 

266 Think Tank XIV Current Global Initiatives to Address the Sustainabili... file 3969 Jul 07, 2014

A number of ongoing and new initiatives aim at the tourism sector with the intention of improving sustainability within the sector and through tourism in other economic and social activities. Dirk's presentation reflects on UNWTO’s position ...

Author: Dirk Glaesser 

Year: 2014 

265 Think Tank XII Opportunities and Obstacles for Sustainable Tourism Mo... file 3967 Nov 06, 2013

Cross border destination management is characterized by some extra challenges: national, district or county interests, different administrative structures, a high impact of politics and policies, inequality of tourism infrastructures, power ...

Author: Tatjana Thimm 

Year: 2012 

264 Think Tank VII Innovations in Volunteer Tourism: A Case Study of Fund... file 3967 Oct 13, 2013

The popularity of volunteer tourism as a form of alternative tourism has grown significantly over the past decade (McGehee, and Norman, 2002). Volunteer tourists can now be found throughout the world participating in a wide array of social, ...

Author: Kevin Lyons 

Year: 2007 

263 Think Tank VI Corporate Social Responsibility in the Museum Sector a... file 3963 Oct 13, 2013

Out of a growing concern about the erosion of social infrastructure has come an increase in pressure on business to take up more of the responsibility in meeting community needs (Centre for Corporate Public Affairs, 2000; Loza & Ogilvie...

Author: Deborah Edwards 

Year: 2006 

262 Think Tank IX Sustainable Tourism Principles Reflected in Award-Winn... file 3944 Oct 13, 2013

There has been increased attention given to sustainable tourism monitoring and evaluation efforts, including corporate policies, guidelines and codes of conduct as well as certification programs (e.g., Dodds and Joppe 2005; Font and Harris ...

Author: Stuart Levy & Donald Hawkins 

Year: 2009 

261 Think Tank XIII Sustainable Tourism in Kerala - Chances for Local Comm... file 3940 Nov 06, 2013

The Indian state Kerala is positioned by Kerala Tourism as a sustainable tourism destination for domestic and foreign markets (cf. Jean-Francois 2011). Indeed sustainable tourism projects take place and are conducted either by NGOs like Kaba...

Author: Tatjana Thimm 

Year: 2013 

260 Think Tank IV It's Mostly About Me: Reasons why Volunteers contribut... file 3890 Oct 13, 2013

This paper contributes to the debate by reporting on inital findings from a wider study of volunteers in museums and art museums that was designed to empirically explore volunteer motivation, expectations, values and commitment. The aim of t...

Author: Deborah Edwards 

Year: 2004 

259 Think Tank XIV Heritage Trails through Dolenjska and Bela krajina in ... file 3879 Jun 26, 2014

One of the beneficial methodologies for growing and developing a level of tourism which is sustainable and enhances the totality of local and regional environments is a multi-stakeholder approach to tourism development. In this paper, we pre...

Author: Marko Koscak 

Year: 2014 

258 Think Tank XIII Regional Collaboration as the Conduit for Sustainable ... file 3844 Nov 06, 2013

Sustaining rural America is one of today's pressing issues. With the decline of family operated farms and the move away from traditional extraction industries, word about the benefits of developing tourism in rural communities and regions is...

Author: Paige P. Schneider, Cynthia S. Deale & Svitlana Iarmolenko 

Year: 2013 

257 Think Tank VIII Linking Tourist Satisfaction to Happiness and Quality ... file 3791 Oct 13, 2013

Dominant tourist satisfaction measures, typically tied to service quality, have recently received much criticism by senior tourism academics (Ryan, 1995; Kozak, 2001; Pearce, 2005). These prominent tourism scholars commonly refer to very sim...

Author: Sebastian Filep 

Year: 2008 

256 Think Tank XIV A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Study of Sustainab... file 3786 Jun 26, 2014

Emerging tourist destinations can challenge ecological, economic, social, and quality of life barriers. These issues draw attention towards the consequences of increasing complexity that are often found as a tourist marketing system grows an...

Author: Sarah Duffy & Larry Dwyer 

Year: 2014 

OPA: 2014 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

255 Think Tank IV Sustainability and Mass Destinations: Challenges and P... file 3783 Oct 13, 2013

In year 2001, the Government of the Balearic Islands decided to establish a tourism tax, named "ecotax", as an important measure to achieve a more sustainable tourism model for the islands. This paper analyses the background of the ecotax, t...

Author: Antoni Serra Cantallops 

Year: 2004