Author : Bente Bramming
School/Work Place : University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
Contact :
Year : 2006

This work aims through a clarification of philosophical assumptions to define authenticity in a dialogical perspective on the premise that there is a linkage between authenticity and sustainability. This paper will to discuss the development of a tool to identify the uniqueness of a given cultural heritage to underpin a sustainable tourism development. The field of the research is wide, ranging from the authenticity of the tourist experience over the socio-cultural authenticity of a host community to the intrinsic authenticity of an asset or event. The discourse on authenticity will be clarified and discussed with emphasis on a philosophical definition of the concept and the relationship between tourist and object. This project is to be seen as an attempt to combine the existentialistic philosophical tradition (Kierkegaard) with the literary concept of the Chronotope (Bakhtin). The chronotope constitutes a dialogical principle, which is preconditioned by the conflict of time and space. As time represents flux and space fixity the chronotope deals with a duality that can be applied to human existence as well as to tourist’s encounter with cultural heritage. The chronotope will be investigated as a tool for developing a strategy among stakeholders for decision making, policy and practices.

The suitability of the chronotope as a tool for mediating cultural heritage will be analyzed against the context of implementing the chronotope as a mediating strategy in a cultural heritage institution, entitled Taarnborg, and empirical research among the visitors of the institution. The analysis will in this way discuss to what extent the theory can be transformed to enterprise level.

The paper, which is a work in progress, aims to make a philosophical contribution through empirical research to a theoretical development in cultural tourism research that can be of value to tourism stakeholders.

List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
274 Think Tank VI Corporate Social Responsibility and Travel & Tourism B... file 3855 Oct 13, 2013

This paper discusses some economic, social, and environmental “hard issues” for the travel and tourism (T&T) industry with the aim of shedding some light on little discussed aspects of industry corporate social responsibility (CSR) with ...

Author: David Stipanuk 

Year: 2006 

273 Think Tank IX Sustainable Tourism Principles Reflected in Award-Winn... file 3843 Oct 13, 2013

There has been increased attention given to sustainable tourism monitoring and evaluation efforts, including corporate policies, guidelines and codes of conduct as well as certification programs (e.g., Dodds and Joppe 2005; Font and Harris ...

Author: Stuart Levy & Donald Hawkins 

Year: 2009 

272 Think Tank X Drowning with Tourism? Stakeholder Perspectives from T... file 3806 Oct 13, 2013

Climate change and its impacts on nations, regions and populations as well as its anthropogenic causes have become one of the prevailing issues of global society and, hence, subject to ongoing debates among e.g. the natural, political and s...

Author: Anna Huebner 

Year: 2010 

271 Think Tank XIV Current Global Initiatives to Address the Sustainabili... file 3801 Jul 07, 2014

A number of ongoing and new initiatives aim at the tourism sector with the intention of improving sustainability within the sector and through tourism in other economic and social activities. Dirk's presentation reflects on UNWTO’s position ...

Author: Dirk Glaesser 

Year: 2014 

270 Think Tank IX The role of values in sustaining the hospitality labou... file 3778 Oct 13, 2013

The role of human resources in sustaining hospitality enterprises has long been recognized (Hjalager und Andersen 2001; Baum 2007). Personnel are considered vital for the delivery of touristic experiences, thus being a central ingredient of ...

Author: Anja Hergesell, Ulrike Bauernfeind & Dagmar Lund-Durlacher 

Year: 2009 

269 Think Tank XIV Bird-watching Routes as Collaborative Stakeholderships... file 3761 Jun 27, 2014

Although there are numerous birding trails with varying levels of success, prior to this study, little research existed as to how birding trails are designed, implemented and managed. Thus, the study posed and answered the following research...

Author: Krisztian Vas 

Year: 2014 

268 Think Tank IV Sustainability and Mass Destinations: Challenges and P... file 3726 Oct 13, 2013

In year 2001, the Government of the Balearic Islands decided to establish a tourism tax, named "ecotax", as an important measure to achieve a more sustainable tourism model for the islands. This paper analyses the background of the ecotax, t...

Author: Antoni Serra Cantallops 

Year: 2004 

267 Think Tank X The Role of Knowledge-based Networks in Sustainable To... file 3706 Oct 13, 2013

In practice, tourism organisations tend to be more serious towards their financial viability and therefore undermine long-term socio-cultural and environmental consequences. In so doing they impede their own ability and that of the destinat...

Author: Ehsan Ahmed & Larry Dwyer 

Year: 2010 

266 Think Tank XII Creating Tourism Transport Flow Maps with GIS: A Pract... file 3704 Nov 06, 2013

This paper explores various options to visualize tourism transport flows with spatial analysis tools and show them on maps. To facilitate implementation of these options, procedures for data preparation and map creation are explained through...

Author: Martin Landré & Paul Peeters 

Year: 2012 

265 Think Tank XII Sustainable Mobilities Beyond the Report: Covert Susta... file 3666 Nov 06, 2013

The concept of sustainable development has become a mainstream idea in the governance and management of travel and tourism. Over the past two decades it has attracted considerable attention and debate. While the principles of sustainable dev...

Author: Tim Coles, Emily Fenclova & Claire Dinan 

Year: 2012 

264 Think Tank XIII Sustainable Tourism in Kerala - Chances for Local Comm... file 3645 Nov 06, 2013

The Indian state Kerala is positioned by Kerala Tourism as a sustainable tourism destination for domestic and foreign markets (cf. Jean-Francois 2011). Indeed sustainable tourism projects take place and are conducted either by NGOs like Kaba...

Author: Tatjana Thimm 

Year: 2013 

263 Think Tank XIII Regional Collaboration as the Conduit for Sustainable ... file 3630 Nov 06, 2013

Sustaining rural America is one of today's pressing issues. With the decline of family operated farms and the move away from traditional extraction industries, word about the benefits of developing tourism in rural communities and regions is...

Author: Paige P. Schneider, Cynthia S. Deale & Svitlana Iarmolenko 

Year: 2013 

262 Think Tank IV It's Mostly About Me: Reasons why Volunteers contribut... file 3616 Oct 13, 2013

This paper contributes to the debate by reporting on inital findings from a wider study of volunteers in museums and art museums that was designed to empirically explore volunteer motivation, expectations, values and commitment. The aim of t...

Author: Deborah Edwards 

Year: 2004 

261 Think Tank IX Exploring Tourists’ Environmental Learning, Values, an... file 3604 Oct 13, 2013

There is a need for a research agenda, which achieves a holistic understanding of the nature and influences of environmental learning on tourists’ environmental values and travel experiences in relation to climate change. Why, because touri...

Author: Ulrike Kachel & Gayle Jennings 

Year: 2009 

260 Think Tank XIII Local Residents' Involvement in Rural Tourism: The Cas... file 3595 Nov 06, 2013

Community involvement is regarded as a significant factor for the development of rural tourism. In Malaysia, cooperatives are used as a catalyst to achieve community development through community involvement. This paper focuses on the involv...

Author: Uma Thevi Munikrishnan, Sushila Devi Rajaratnam, Paolo Mura & Vikneswaran Nair 

Year: 2013 

259 Think Tank V Using Theories of Stigma Management and Impression Man... file 3584 Oct 13, 2013

Researchers have noted that impression management is key to tourism crisis management planning and recovery (Ritchie et al., 2003:201); indeed, some have suggested that “crisis management is as much about dealing with human perceptions about...

Author: Bonalyn Nelson 

Year: 2005 

258 Think Tank XIII Resident Perceptions of the Impacts of Tourism in Majo... file 3583 Nov 06, 2013

Despite the importance of cities and tourism flows to cities, the literature which explores the effect of tourism on host communities tends to focus on non-urban locations. As different types of tourists place different demands upon the reso...

Author: Tony Griffin & Deborah Edwards 

Year: 2013 

257 Think Tank VIII Linking Tourist Satisfaction to Happiness and Quality ... file 3582 Oct 13, 2013

Dominant tourist satisfaction measures, typically tied to service quality, have recently received much criticism by senior tourism academics (Ryan, 1995; Kozak, 2001; Pearce, 2005). These prominent tourism scholars commonly refer to very sim...

Author: Sebastian Filep 

Year: 2008 

256 Think Tank XIV Leadership at the Nexus: Exploring the Connection betw... file 3561 Jun 26, 2014

The development of sustainable and competitive tourism destinations is contingent upon many factors including the creation of inclusive policy (Pforr, 2006), the development and implementation of strategic plans (Jordan, Vogt, Kruger, and Gr...

Author: Whitney Knollenberg & Nancy Gard McGehee 

Year: 2014 

255 Think Tank XIV Heritage Trails through Dolenjska and Bela krajina in ... file 3553 Jun 26, 2014

One of the beneficial methodologies for growing and developing a level of tourism which is sustainable and enhances the totality of local and regional environments is a multi-stakeholder approach to tourism development. In this paper, we pre...

Author: Marko Koscak 

Year: 2014