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RESOURCES: PAPERS & PRESENTATIONS

Author : Kir Kuščer & Domen Trobec
School/Work Place : University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Contact : kir.kuscer@ef.uni-lj.si
Year : 2014

The global economic and financial crisis could be seen as old news according to the UNWTO’s data on international tourist arrivals. Europe recorded a solid 5% growth in 2013, and Mediterranean countries performed even better with 6% growth in international tourist arrivals (UNWTO, 2014). However, tourism in Mediterranean countries has been fluctuating in recent years; the growth rate in international tourism arrivals was 8% in 2011 and a modest 2% in 2012 (UNWTO, 2013). Even more troubling is the fact that although the numbers of tourists are rising, their habits (both in leisure and business tourism) have changed during economic slow-down (less expenditure for different services during their stay, travelling closer to home and making reservations online and either at first or last minute (WTTC, 2011; Blanke & Chiesa, 2013; Papatheodorou, Rosselló & Xiao, 2010), which creates serious problems in the tourism industry. Many companies acquired huge debts in the boom period before the crisis (pre-2008), which has weakened them, as has lower tourism expenditure. Although tourism was not affected as much as, for example, international trade or industrial production, due to the fact that destocking did not take place, the recovery might take longer since there is no stock-building process in tourism. Governments will have to acknowledge the huge debt burden resulting from increasing taxes and cutting public spending and reduce it. Moreover, lower expenditure has led to price wars and liquidity problems, and an inability to carry out necessary investments, especially in net working capital (Smeral, 2009).

Debates within the ECB and Euro Area and among globally distinguished scholars, such as Miller and Stieglitz’s (2010) paper over asset bubbles, have revealed that the economies of European Mediterranean countries have had serious struggles due to asset bubbles and structural imbalances in their economies (revealed by the global economic and financial crisis), but they do not specify in detail the impact and nature of these and other more specific effects regarding industry subsectors (including the tourism sector and its subsectors). Tourism being one of the key sectors in Mediterranean countries (UNWTO, 2013), our purpose is to show the differences in performance within the tourism sector and give policymakers an appropriate basis for designing policy tools in order to stimulate the analysed sector. Our goal is to identify the subsectors’ specific characteristics influencing the above-average performance of these subsectors, i.e. identifying and specifying tourism subsector champions based on capital and asset structure.


List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
274 Think Tank XII Causality Between Inbound Tourism and Economic Growth:... file 5945 Nov 06, 2013

This paper examines the existing studies of the relationship between inbound tourism and economic growth. After a brief discussion of general economic growth theory and the reasons why a positive causal relationship may exist between export ...

Author: Mondher Sahli & Simon Carey 

Year: 2012 

273 Think Tank XII Encouraging Environmentally Friendly Transport Mode Ch... file 5937 Nov 06, 2013

The travel between home and destination is a key element of any holiday and has received increasing attention by tourism scholars as its environmental and particularly its climatic impacts have become widely recognized (Gössling 2002; Metz, ...

Author: Astrid Dickinger & Anja Hergesell 

Year: 2012 

272 Think Tank VII Practical Interpretations of a Dynamic Model of Sustai... file 5927 Oct 13, 2013

"Operational definitions of tourism sustainability require details regarding what is to be sustained, for whom it is to be sustained, and the level at which it is to be sustained." This is the introductory sentence to "A Dynamic Model of Sus...

Author: Timothy Tyrrell & Robert Johnston 

Year: 2007 

271 Think Tank IV Attitudes towards Environmental Responsibility among S... file 5858 Oct 13, 2013

The first step in creating a more environmentally sound hotel industry should be a performance analysis of the hotel sector from an environmental perspective. An assessment measuring the level of environmental awareness among hoteliers and t...

Author: Paulina Bohdanowicz, Vlasta Zanki-Alujevic & Ivo Martinac 

Year: 2004 

270 Think Tank IV Environmental Training and Measures at Scandic Hotels,... file 5846 Dec 01, 2013

Hotels are traditionally geared towards providing a high-level of comfort and entertainment, as well as a broad spectrum of services, often without giving much concern to associated environmental or socio-economic impacts. Hotel companies ty...

Author: Paulina Bohdanowicz, Branko Simanic & Ivo Martinac 

Year: 2004 

OPA: 2004 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

269 Think Tank XI Learning Network Sustainable Tourism (LNST) for Touris... file 5832 Oct 14, 2013

Since 2002 the Flemish Tourism Board, the executive agency of the Flemish Ministry of Tourism, has implemented different actions to introduce the principles of sustainable tourism into tourism education in Flanders. The general objective is...

Author: Griet Geudens & Manuel Minne 

Year: 2011 

268 Think Tank XIV The Bukit Jalil Legacy: Local Residents' Perceptions o... file 5828 Jun 26, 2014

This paper explores local population’s perceptions of the development of the Bukit Jalil area after the 1998 Kuala Lumpur Commonwealth Games. The work on which this study is based is important because it provides a fundamental insight for th...

Author: Rui Qi Chong & Paolo Mura 

Year: 2014 

267 Think Tank VI Corporate Social Responsibility in the Museum Sector a... file 5785 Oct 13, 2013

Out of a growing concern about the erosion of social infrastructure has come an increase in pressure on business to take up more of the responsibility in meeting community needs (Centre for Corporate Public Affairs, 2000; Loza & Ogilvie...

Author: Deborah Edwards 

Year: 2006 

266 Think Tank XIX Promoting sustainable tourist experiences and resilien... file 5781 Oct 23, 2019

Key words: adapt, resilient, tourist experience, Maasai, Tanzania Page: 38-51 Promoting sustainable tourist experiences and resilient communities in the Ngorongoro Crater.pdf Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definition...

Author: Claire Louisa Fordred and Kevin Mearns 

Year: 2019 

265 Think Tank X The Importance of Networks for Innovation in Sustainab... file 5749 Oct 13, 2013

This paper highlights the importance of new and established networks that underpin the innovation processes in sustainable tourism. It will draw on published literature as well as case studies to describe the various types of networks that ...

Author: Jack Carlsen, Janne J. Liburd & Deborah Edwards 

Year: 2010 

264 OPA award The Managing Local Tourism Master Class: Communicating... file 5742 Oct 13, 2013

The aim of this paper is to describe an action-based research project entitled the Management Local Tourism Master Class (MLTMC) and to discuss the merits of this extension tool in building sustainable tourism management practices across loc...

Author: Dianne Dredge, Emma-Jane Ford & Michelle Whitford 

Year: 2010 

OPA: 2010 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

263 Think Tank X The Role of Face-to-face Communication and Networking ... file 5738 Oct 13, 2013

Despite the advent of improved electronic communications technology, face-to-face communication and networking remain the most effective means of enhancing business performance and innovation, particularly for more complex products. During ...

Author: Leo Jago & Margaret Deery 

Year: 2010 

262 Think Tank X Implementation of the DIT-ACHIEV Model for Sustainable... file 5723 Oct 13, 2013

The DIT-ACHIEV Model is a model of sustainable tourism indicators developed in a previous research project undertaken by the School of Hospitality Management and Tourism, Dublin Institute of Technology. The indicators represent six fields o...

Author: Maeve Morrissey, Kevin Griffin & Sheila Flanagan 

Year: 2010 

261 Think Tank X Sustainability: What Matters to Students, Educators, a... file 5694 Oct 13, 2013

As climate change gains global attention from events like the summit in Copenhagen held during December of 2009, the need for sustainable tourism is more important than ever; with comprehensive education in sustainability concepts and practi...

Author: Cynthia S. Deale & Nelson Barber 

Year: 2010 

260 Think Tank XII Intersecting Mobilities: Tourists with Vision Impairme... file 5687 Nov 06, 2013

While there has been a developing interest in mobilities amongst tourism scholars, the notion of immobilities has often been ignored. Yet, there are many people who do not participate in tourism or, if they do, only experience partial mobili...

Author: Jennifer Small 

Year: 2012 

259 Think Tank XIV Development of a Certification System for Sustainable ... file 5683 Jun 27, 2014

Tourism destinations are complex entities that can be defined as geographical areas of different sizes that are being visited by tourists. Most definitions then differentiate between the perspectives of those living in and managing a destina...

Author: Wolfgang Strasdas 

Year: 2014 

258 Think Tank X Climate Change Mitigation among Accommodation Provider... file 5676 Oct 13, 2013

This paper explores the relationship between network membership and innovation towards more sustainable tourism development. In particular it examines the extent to which tourism businesses have introduced measures to mitigate the effects of...

Author: Tim Coles, Anne-Kathrin Zschiegner & Claire Dinan 

Year: 2010 

257 Think Tank VI Corporate Social Responsibility and Travel & Tourism B... file 5659 Oct 13, 2013

This paper discusses some economic, social, and environmental “hard issues” for the travel and tourism (T&T) industry with the aim of shedding some light on little discussed aspects of industry corporate social responsibility (CSR) with ...

Author: David Stipanuk 

Year: 2006 

256 Think Tank VIII Resident Support for Sustainable Tourism Policies in T... file 5610 Oct 13, 2013

During the last two decades, there has been increased focus on topics related to various aspects of sustainable tourism. Believing that sustainable tourism can be a serious alternative that can remedy some of the negative impacts associated ...

Author: Ercan Sirakaya-Turk, Muzzo S. Uysal & Turgut Var 

Year: 2008 

255 Think Tank XIV The Emergence of Cross-border Governance Structures: t... file 5599 Jun 26, 2014

It is well recognized that the local borders of a tourism destination are not easy to delineate as they are constantly changing through complex practices and discourses due to historical, political, and economic factors. In fact, recent stud...

Author: Dani Blasco, Jaume Guia & Lluís Prats 

Year: 2014 

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