Author : Whitney Knollenberg & Nancy Gard McGehee
School/Work Place : Virginia Tech, USA
Contact :
Year : 2014

The development of sustainable and competitive tourism destinations is contingent upon many factors including the creation of inclusive policy (Pforr, 2006), the development and implementation of strategic plans (Jordan, Vogt, Kruger, and Grewe, 2013), and establishment of cooperative partnerships (Beritelli, 2011). As several authors have noted all of these management and governance functions within a tourism destination are influenced by power (Bramwell, 2006; Hall, 2003). While a growing body of literature exists that examines the complexity of tourism development, including assessment of stakeholders’ needs in the tourism planning and development process (Sautter and Leisen, 1999; Simpson, 2001), power structures and tourism planning (Jordan et al., 2013), and the effectiveness of various governance models in tourism development (Beaumont and Dredge, 2010), less is known about the individual leaders who help influence tourism destination development.

Pechlaner, Kozak, and Volgger (2014, p. 1) identify the need for an examination of tourism leadership as they suggest “understanding who is able and willing to lead destinations may help to explain differences between more and less competitive destinations, especially in times of economic turbulence.” This supports work by Beritelli (2011) who calls for greater emphasis on the examination of influential individuals in tourism destinations. While recent work has improved our understanding of the connection between leadership and power (Blichfeldt, Hird, and Kvistgaard, 2014; Slocum and Everett, 2014); partnerships (Zehrer, Raich, Siller, and Tschiderer, 2014); and governance systems (Beritelli and Bieger, 2014; Valente, Dredge, and Lohmann, 2014) a more holistic examination of leadership’s role in tourism is missing. To help provide a broader understanding of tourism leadership this research employs a framework which conceptualizes leadership as the central influence behind the interconnected forces which shape tourism destination development, power, planning, policy, and partnerships (Figure 1). Through the use of this framework this research will 1) analyze literature related to power, planning, policy, and partnerships to explore the potential role of leadership in each of these tourism development forces and 2) use this synthesis to develop a research agenda that may guide future tourism leadership studies.

List of Articles
No. Subject Views Datesort
274 Think Tank X Sustainable Tourism Networks file 5144 Oct 13, 2013

This study examines the existing pattern of stakeholder relationships representing major partners of sustainable tourism development. By utilizing a network analysis lens the study also helps us understand the impact of inter relationships ...

Author: Seldjan Timur 

Year: 2010 

273 Think Tank X Agenda 21, the Internet and Globalization – Creating a... file 3490 Oct 13, 2013

This paper discusses the contemporary meeting of three large-scale systems or processes - Agenda 21, the Internet and globalization - and what this historical conjunction means for networking sustainable tourism development. It is important...

Author: Gordon Sillence & Herbert Hamele 

Year: 2010 

272 Think Tank X Indigenous Values Help Shape a Universal Tourism Ethic file 3018 Oct 13, 2013

Indigenous communities from around the planet are defining common values in their tourism programs that attract visitors seeking authentic, transformational experiences. The Maori of New Zealand, Aborigines of Australia, Maasai of Kenya, Am...

Author: Ben Sherman 

Year: 2010 

271 Think Tank X New Media for Climate Change Communication and Collabo... file 5106 Oct 13, 2013

The Climate Change Collaboratory1 aims to strengthen the relations between Austrian scientists, policy makers, educators, environmental NGOs, news media and corporations - stakeholders who recognize the need for adaptation and mitigation, b...

Author: Arno Scharl 

Year: 2010 

270 Think Tank X Is Ecotourism a Strategy for Regional Economic Develop... file 8633 Oct 14, 2013

The state of Uttarakhand (in the Himalayas) in which the two case studies were conducted is trying to expand its already existing strength in the tourism sector as well. Tourism is estimated to make up for about 20% of GDP in Uttarakhand in...

Author: Harald Pechlaner & Christopher Reuter 

Year: 2010 

269 Think Tank X Implementing Destination Governance file 2654 Oct 14, 2013

In the tourism management literature, several authors (Nordin, Beritelli et al, Pechlaner) have promoted the concept of destination governance, to define a coalition of disparate parties with common interests, as a productive approach to to...

Author: Loredana Padurean 

Year: 2010 

268 Think Tank X Implementation of the DIT-ACHIEV Model for Sustainable... file 4451 Oct 14, 2013

The DIT-ACHIEV Model is a model of sustainable tourism indicators developed in a previous research project undertaken by the School of Hospitality Management and Tourism, Dublin Institute of Technology. The indicators represent six fields o...

Author: Maeve Morrissey, Kevin Griffin & Sheila Flanagan 

Year: 2010 

267 Think Tank X Knowledge Economies, Knowledge Making, Complexity Theo... file 1722 Oct 14, 2013

This paper narrates processes associated with the development of microtourism enterprises as one part of a broader organically determined sustainable development agenda in a north eastern coastal village in Bali. The paper’s narrative is co...

Author: Gayle Jennings 

Year: 2010 

266 Think Tank X Sustainable Tourism Pedagogy and Student Community Col... file 15482 Oct 14, 2013

There have been increasing calls to move away from the traditional disciplinary structures and research, teaching and learning approaches that have tended to ‘tunnel’ student learning and reinforce particular worldviews towards new forms of ...

Author: Tazim Jamal, Justin Taillon & Dianne Dredge 

Year: 2010 

265 Think Tank X Sustainable Destination Management and the Marketing-P... file 5714 Oct 14, 2013

A traditional and widely held view is that a sustainable approach to destination planning and management ideally requires that marketing and product development are undertaken in an integrated manner. However, if we take just two activities...

Author: Tazim Jamal & Dianne Dredge 

Year: 2010 

264 Think Tank X The Role of Face-to-face Communication and Networking ... file 2806 Oct 14, 2013

Despite the advent of improved electronic communications technology, face-to-face communication and networking remain the most effective means of enhancing business performance and innovation, particularly for more complex products. During ...

Author: Leo Jago & Margaret Deery 

Year: 2010 

263 Think Tank X Drowning with Tourism? Stakeholder Perspectives from T... file 4220 Oct 14, 2013

Climate change and its impacts on nations, regions and populations as well as its anthropogenic causes have become one of the prevailing issues of global society and, hence, subject to ongoing debates among e.g. the natural, political and s...

Author: Anna Huebner 

Year: 2010 

262 Think Tank X Re-thinking Resort Growth and Governance: An Evolution... file 3396 Oct 14, 2013

Rapid growth in resort areas, combined with environmental and market stresses, has recently created concern amongst resort decision-makers about future paths of development. Growth models have operated effectively in maintaining resort comp...

Author: Alison M. Gill & Peter W. Williams 

Year: 2010 

261 Think Tank X Establishing a Network of European Rural Villages for ... file 4401 Oct 14, 2013

The paper deals with the research activity carried out by the Authors in the context of the European Project “Listen to the Voice of Villages”. The focus is on the governance asset and tools able to enhance sustainable tourism development i...

Author: Mariangela Franch, Umberto Martini, Federica Buffa & Fabio Sacco 

Year: 2010 

260 OPA award The Managing Local Tourism Master Class: Communicating... file 4933 Oct 14, 2013

The aim of this paper is to describe an action-based research project entitled the Management Local Tourism Master Class (MLTMC) and to discuss the merits of this extension tool in building sustainable tourism management practices across loc...

Author: Dianne Dredge, Emma-Jane Ford & Michelle Whitford 

Year: 2010 

OPA: 2010 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

259 Think Tank X The Managing Local Tourism Master Class: Communicating... file 6732 Oct 14, 2013

The aim of this paper is to describe an action-based research project entitled the Management Local Tourism Master Class (MLTMC) and to discuss the merits of this extension tool in building sustainable tourism management practices across loc...

Author: Dianne Dredge, Emma-Jane Ford & Michelle Whitford 

Year: 2010 

OPA: 2010 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

258 Think Tank X The Impact of Climate Change on Alpine Leisure Tourism... file 8145 Oct 14, 2013

This paper presents an interacting multi-agent model as a new method of examining the impact of climate change on Alpine leisure tourism and ski areas in a complex interacting model network. Since tourism varies at a small scale concerning ...

Author: Alexander Dingeldey & Anja Soboll 

Year: 2010 

257 Think Tank X Sustainability: What Matters to Students, Educators, a... file 4614 Oct 14, 2013

As climate change gains global attention from events like the summit in Copenhagen held during December of 2009, the need for sustainable tourism is more important than ever; with comprehensive education in sustainability concepts and practi...

Author: Cynthia S. Deale & Nelson Barber 

Year: 2010 

256 Think Tank X How Fragile is Tourism Development in West Africa? The... file 5954 Oct 14, 2013

This case study complements recent research on FDI in tourism in African countries conducted by the United National Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). These projects aim to better understand the pro-development effects of tourism...

Author: Lee Davidson & Mondher Sahli 

Year: 2010 

255 Think Tank X Innovation of and in Informal Actor Network file 5031 Oct 14, 2013

How the informal sectors create and share innovation in gaining competition is very important in tourism development. Commonly, informal sectors are embedded in their routines and lack of innovation capacities. Based on the case of pedicab ...

Author: Maya Damayanti 

Year: 2010