Author : Diem-Trinh Le-Klähn
School/Work Place : Technische Universität München, Germany
Contact :
Year : 2014

Transport is a vital and integral component of the tourism system yet it contributes the most emissions in tourism (Dubois, Peeters, Ceron, & Gössling, 2011; Peeters & Dubois, 2010). In line with the global concerns for sustainability, there has been a great interest in mitigating the negative environmental impacts from tourism. Transport is accordingly the topic of most attention. One of the possible ways to reduce transport emissions in tourism is to encourage a modal shift to non-motorized modes and public transport (PT) (e.g. Dickinson & Dickinson, 2006; Dickinson, Robbins, & Fletcher, 2009; Dubois et al., 2011; Filimonau, Dickinson, & Robbins, 2014; Guiver, Lumsdon, & Weston, 2008; Martín-Cejas & Sánchez, 2010; Peeters & Dubois, 2010). However, due to the characteristics of tourism in some locations (e.g. long distance travel, remote areas, difficult routes, etc.) and personal restrictions (e.g. health and physical ability), non-motorized transport modes will be suitable for only a limited group of tourists, at particular places and for specific activities. Public transport, on the other hand, is more flexible in accommodating a large number of visitors and providing access to more places. Therefore, PT is expected to be a potential replacement of the car for travelling for tourism purposes. However, so far car use is dominant while PT is less preferred and is often of negative view (Dickinson & Dickinson, 2006; Dickinson & Robbins, 2007; Dickinson et al., 2009; Guiver, Lumsdon, Weston, & Ferguson, 2007; Reilly, Williams, & Haider, 2010). In order to encourage a modal shift, it is important to understand the tourist motivations for PT use and their transport behaviour. Based on the findings of two visitor surveys in Munich in 2012 and 2013, this paper seeks to make recommendations for transport and tourism policy makers in encouraging the use of PT by tourists in urban areas.

List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
82 Think Tank IV Sustainability in a Mature Mass-Tourism Destination: T... file 4363 Oct 13, 2013

Most destinations are struggling to achieve sustainability for their economies, their environments, their cultures and their tourism industries. This laudatory, idealistic and complex process involves many sectors of the industry, the commun...

Author: Pauline Sheldon, John Knox & Kem Lowry 

Year: 2004 

81 Think Tank VII Envisioning Sustainable Tourism Futures: An Evaluation... file 4293 Oct 13, 2013

Methods for researching the future have grown both in variety and rigour, offering new opportunities for understanding sustainable tourism. This paper discusses the value of futures research as a tool for envisioning and planning sustainable...

Author: Pierre Benckendorff 

Year: 2007 

OPA: 2007 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

80 Think Tank XIII Resident Perceptions of the Impacts of Tourism in Majo... file 4281 Nov 06, 2013

Despite the importance of cities and tourism flows to cities, the literature which explores the effect of tourism on host communities tends to focus on non-urban locations. As different types of tourists place different demands upon the reso...

Author: Tony Griffin & Deborah Edwards 

Year: 2013 

79 Think Tank VII Rural Adventure Tourism and Social Entrepreneurship file 4279 Oct 13, 2013

The intent of this research is to provide a comparative analysis of several innovative social entrepreneurial businesses operating within the realm of rural adventure tourism. This qualitative, case-based research explores six companies, wh...

Author: Christina Heyniger & Kristin Lamoureaux 

Year: 2007 

78 Think Tank IV Possibilities for Sustainable Tourism Management in Ac... file 4260 Oct 13, 2013

Sustainability is an inevitable concept in tourism which heavily depends on natural resources and environment with its products and services. Here prevention and controlling water, air and noise pollution, habitat degradation is more importa...

Author: Meryem Atik, Türker Altan & A. Akin Aksu 

Year: 2004 

77 Think Tank XIII Local Residents' Involvement in Rural Tourism: The Cas... file 4231 Nov 06, 2013

Community involvement is regarded as a significant factor for the development of rural tourism. In Malaysia, cooperatives are used as a catalyst to achieve community development through community involvement. This paper focuses on the involv...

Author: Uma Thevi Munikrishnan, Sushila Devi Rajaratnam, Paolo Mura & Vikneswaran Nair 

Year: 2013 

76 Think Tank VII Getting Fit to Innovate: TUI's InnOlympics file 4228 Oct 13, 2013

Tether (2003) describes innovation within service industries as having a Cinderella status - marginal and neglected. The traditional approach to thinking about innovation has been to concentrate on manufacturing and within that, the role of...

Author: Graham Miller & Caroline Scarles 

Year: 2007 

75 Think Tank XIV Tourism Concessions in National Parks: Neo-liberal Too... file 4182 Jun 26, 2014

For the tourism sector the government aims to “Grow the number of new business opportunities on public conservation land in order to deliver increased economic prosperity and conservation gain” (New Zealand Government, 2012: 23). In relation...

Author: Valentina Dinica 

Year: 2014 

74 Think Tank IX Sustainable Tourism Principles Reflected in Award-Winn... file 4123 Oct 13, 2013

There has been increased attention given to sustainable tourism monitoring and evaluation efforts, including corporate policies, guidelines and codes of conduct as well as certification programs (e.g., Dodds and Joppe 2005; Font and Harris ...

Author: Stuart Levy & Donald Hawkins 

Year: 2009 

73 Think Tank IV Sustainability and Mass Destinations: Challenges and P... file 4089 Oct 13, 2013

In year 2001, the Government of the Balearic Islands decided to establish a tourism tax, named "ecotax", as an important measure to achieve a more sustainable tourism model for the islands. This paper analyses the background of the ecotax, t...

Author: Antoni Serra Cantallops 

Year: 2004 

72 Think Tank X The Role of Knowledge-based Networks in Sustainable To... file 3970 Oct 13, 2013

In practice, tourism organisations tend to be more serious towards their financial viability and therefore undermine long-term socio-cultural and environmental consequences. In so doing they impede their own ability and that of the destinat...

Author: Ehsan Ahmed & Larry Dwyer 

Year: 2010 

71 Think Tank XIV Local Networks as Sustainable Policy Instruments: A Ca... file 3965 Jun 27, 2014

In this case study, a communication network among local hotel managers was examined, first to assess the extent of communication among hotel managers, and second to identify influential members within the network. Communication with respect ...

Author: Karen Irene Thal & Tracy Burkett 

Year: 2014 

70 Think Tank XIII Tourism development led by the Third Sector - Impacts ... file 3939 Nov 06, 2013

Most tourism development is initiated and led by either the private or the public sector. These projects’ potential impacts on host communities have been explored since the 1980s, and they are now relatively well known. This is not the case ...

Author: Julia N. Albrecht & My N. D. Tran 

Year: 2013 

69 Think Tank IV Cultural Tourism as a Means for Sustainability in a Ma... file 3889 Oct 13, 2013

Tourism has become for many islands a means of social, economic and cultural development through the creation of jobs, raising standards of living and through the development of local resources for culture and heritage. Thus, many of these d...

Author: Chryso Panayidou 

Year: 2004 

68 Think Tank IX The Role of Values in Sustainable Tourism Education file 3866 Oct 13, 2013

This presentation discusses the role of values in the context of sustainable tourism education. However, it does not seek to engage in the debate about the definition of Sustainable Tourism nor the differences between this concept and Sustai...

Author: Christian Schott 

Year: 2009 

67 Think Tank VI Service Learning in Tourism Educational Programs – A S... file 3860 Oct 13, 2013

A problem in developing new tourism markets remains how to resource them from an existing employment base. Key questions arising are: Do current tourism enterprises have the existing skills to move into these new markets for sustainable tour...

Author: Susan Anita Briggs 

Year: 2006 

66 Think Tank XIV Leadership at the Nexus: Exploring the Connection betw... file 3851 Jun 26, 2014

The development of sustainable and competitive tourism destinations is contingent upon many factors including the creation of inclusive policy (Pforr, 2006), the development and implementation of strategic plans (Jordan, Vogt, Kruger, and Gr...

Author: Whitney Knollenberg & Nancy Gard McGehee 

Year: 2014 

» Think Tank XIV Sustainable Tourism Mobility: Recommended Strategies f... file 3839 Jun 26, 2014

Transport is a vital and integral component of the tourism system yet it contributes the most emissions in tourism (Dubois, Peeters, Ceron, & Gössling, 2011; Peeters & Dubois, 2010). In line with the global concerns for sustainabilit...

Author: Diem-Trinh Le-Klähn 

Year: 2014 

64 Think Tank XII Social and Economic Mobility: Expatriate Practises in ... file 3815 Nov 06, 2013

Bali has long been a tourist destination for Australian tourists and the Australian tourist market is an important one for Bali tourism. In the last two decades, increasingly Australian tourists have and are shifting their mobility practices...

Author: Gayle Jennings 

Year: 2012 

63 Think Tank XII Enhancing Social Capital through Networking for Sustai... file 3778 Nov 06, 2013

Social capital has been recognised as a factor affecting sustainable development in every discipline. A network or a partnership is identified as a “structural” form of social capital and a tool to empower participants in the networks. There...

Author: Attama Nilnoppkun 

Year: 2012