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RESOURCES: PAPERS & PRESENTATIONS

Author : Erling Kavita
School/Work Place : Polytechnic of Namibia, Namibia
Contact : ekavita@polytechnic.edu.na
Year : 2015

During the past decades, concern for rural poverty and underdevelopment of the rural communities of Namibia has been central to government development efforts. This has further given rise to several rural development programmes. While, some of the programmes have yielded fruitful results, many others have not achieved the objectives for which they were set up. Communuty-Based Tourism Initiatives (CBTs) are often considered as a component of broad-based plans to improve rural economies. This process occurs through increased community participation in decision making and the sustainable utilisation of both natural and cultural resources. This paper reviews the existing policy and planning frameworks in relation to tourism and rural development in Namibia. Policies aimed towards rural community development are reviewed with a focus on community-based tourism initiatives. The policy emphasises structures and processes to help local communities to benefit from the tourism industry, and the active and coordinatedinvolvement of communities, which is expected to ensure that the benefits of tourism trickle down to the local level where tourist activities take place. It is noted that in addition to public policy-makers, tourism developers and the private business environment in Namibia need to recognize the full potential of rural tourism development in order to meet the politically driven promises in policy level. In this respect there is a need to coordinate a comprehensive vision of what type of rural tourism development or tourism in rural environments holds the most potential to benefit both local communities and the mainstream industry. A new narrative is needed, that will enhance the capacity of local perspectives to address key lacunae in recent discussions, including questions of ownership, scale and dynamics.


List of Articles
No. Subject Views Date
294 Think Tank XV The social enterprise as a vehicle to poverty alleviat... file 1210 Jul 27, 2015

Over the last decades, social enterprises have increasingly gained importance in the travel and tourism industry and they are revolutionizing the way business is done. Instead of maximizing profits for external shareholders, a social enterpr...

Author: Sebastian Ferrari & Dagmar Lund-Durlacher 

Year: 2015 

293 Think Tank XV The operational challenges of community-based tourism ... file 7665 Jul 27, 2015

Community-based tourism is increasingly being developed and promoted as a means of reducing poverty in developing countries assisting local communities to meet their needs through the offering of a tourism product. The Swaziland Tourism Auth...

Author: S. E. Lukhele & K. F. Mearns 

Year: 2015 

292 Think Tank XV Environmental Practices and Hotels’ Performance: an em... file 1008 Jul 27, 2015

Firms are nowadays facing growing pressure from governments and environmental institutions to reduce their ecological footprint. While a growing number of empirical studies have examined the impact of green management policies on firms’ fina...

Author: Christelle Cortese & Mondher Sahli 

Year: 2015 

291 Think Tank XV A modified value chainanalysisoftourism development in... file 1067 Jul 27, 2015

Tourism development in a relatively unknown country is faced with various challenges. The difficulty is not only choosing an appropriate tourism development strategy but also managing it in a complex sociocultural, economic and political env...

Author: Sonja Frommenwiler & Péter Varga 

Year: 2015 

OPA: Runner Up Outstanding Paper Award 

290 Think Tank XV Perceptions of local communities participation in rura... file 890 Jul 27, 2015

In order to maximize the benefits and minimize the costs, rural communities should be able to participate actively in all aspects of tourism, including planning and management. The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the local communit...

Author: Limpho Lekaota & Jarkko Saarined 

Year: 2015 

» Think Tank XV Rural renewal or requiem? Establishing new creative ve... file 609 Jul 27, 2015

During the past decades, concern for rural poverty and underdevelopment of the rural communities of Namibia has been central to government development efforts. This has further given rise to several rural development programmes. While, some ...

Author: Erling Kavita 

Year: 2015 

288 Think Tank XV Social Representations of Tourist Selfies: New Challen... file 1289 Jul 27, 2015

A number of recent incidents have focussed media attention on the phenomenon of tourist selfies, described their negative consequences for tourist destinations and identified a number of challenges for tourist site managers. This paper repor...

Author: John Pearce & Gianna Moscardo 

Year: 2015 

287 Think Tank XV Why Africans do not visit their national parks: A case... file 828 Jul 27, 2015

Present-day Western approaches relating to nature and natural resources management assume that humans are independent from the natural world (Pierotti & Wildcat, 2000). Protected areas such as Yellowstone National Park were created with ...

Author: Lesego S. Stone & Gyan P. Nyaupane 

Year: 2015 

286 Think Tank XV Protected areas and community wildlife-based tourism i... file 452 Jul 27, 2015

Tourism planning in protected areas (PAs) entails addressing two partly competing and overlapping goals: preserving heritage and providing access. Resolving potential conflicts between these two goals is particularly challenging at the inter...

Author: MorenTibabo Stone & Gyan P. Nyaupane 

Year: 2015 

285 Think Tank XV Deconstruction of Man-nature Dialogue Nexus: A Critica... file 1745 Jul 27, 2015

The relationship between man and nature dates back to the millennia. The intimacy of man-nature interaction increased with decreasing healthy nature, as man’s insatiable desire to know and control nature as a commodity becomes more dynamical...

Author: Michael Kweku Commeh 

Year: 2015 

284 Think Tank XV Enhancing stakeholders’ participation for sustainable ... file 755 Jul 27, 2015

Tourism is a fragile industry with multiple stakeholders. Globally, the desire of its stakeholders is to gain more benefits and eliminate negative impacts on resources that support the industry, particularly in protected areas (PAs) such as ...

Author: Richie Wandwi 

Year: 2015 

283 OPA award Active community participation in nature conservation ... file 3133 Jul 27, 2015

This paper provides a conceptual framework of community- based nature conservation and tourism (CBC-T). The following themes are guiding discussions in this study, i.e.: land rights of local communities in and around protected areas; communi...

Author: Jones Muzirambi & Kevin Mearns 

Year: 2015 

OPA: 2015 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

282 Think Tank XV A novel review approach on adventure tourism scholarship file 758 Jul 24, 2015

As a niche market, adventure tourism has been developing rapidly in many regions and territories, evidenced by increasing number of participants and intensive growth of adventure tourism products (Adventure Travel Trade Association, 2013; T...

Author: Mingming Chen, Deborah Edward, Simon Darcy 

Year: 2015 

281 Think Tank XIV Current Global Initiatives to Address the Sustainabili... file 3697 Jul 07, 2014

A number of ongoing and new initiatives aim at the tourism sector with the intention of improving sustainability within the sector and through tourism in other economic and social activities. Dirk's presentation reflects on UNWTO’s position ...

Author: Dirk Glaesser 

Year: 2014 

280 Think Tank XIV Sustainable tourism, market failures and the challenge... file 5940 Jul 07, 2014

David's presentation outlines the major market failures in tourism production and consumption and questions the changing role of (public sector) governments in market regulation and ‘economic’ development. The presentation focuses specifical...

Author: David G. Simmons 

Year: 2014 

279 OPA award A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Study of Sustainab... file 8843 Jun 26, 2014

Emerging tourist destinations can challenge ecological, economic, social, and quality of life barriers. These issues draw attention towards the consequences of increasing complexity that are often found as a tourist marketing system grows an...

Author: Sarah Duffy & Larry Dwyer 

Year: 2014 

OPA: 2014 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

278 Think Tank XIV Exploring the potential of Community Based Ecotourism ... file 3851 Jun 27, 2014

Development in developing countries often results in mass land-use change and subsequent increase in greenhouse gas emission by deforestation or forest degradation. For instance, approximately a-fifth of global greenhouse gas emissions was a...

Author: Stephen Wearing, Paul Chatterton, Amy Reggers & Hanna Sakata 

Year: 2014 

277 Think Tank XIV Exploring Policy, Politics and Governance through Stak... file 4304 Jun 27, 2014

This paper looks at the development of an ecotrekking industry on the Kokoda Track and demonstrates how the use of participatory methods in community based tourism can align two different “regimes of truth” (that of the community and of the ...

Author: Stephen Wearing, Paul Chatterton & Amy Reggers 

Year: 2014 

276 Think Tank XIV Bird-watching Routes as Collaborative Stakeholderships... file 3666 Jun 27, 2014

Although there are numerous birding trails with varying levels of success, prior to this study, little research existed as to how birding trails are designed, implemented and managed. Thus, the study posed and answered the following research...

Author: Krisztian Vas 

Year: 2014 

275 Think Tank XIV Can "Slow Travel" Contribute to Sustainable Tourism? file 4876 Jun 27, 2014

Slow travel as a research field has increased in popularity in the last decade. The concept started to gain attention through online communities, and tourism researchers have become interested in the possible benefits that slow travel may ha...

Author: Tina Roenhovde Tiller 

Year: 2014 

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