Author : Gayle Jennings
School/Work Place : Griffith University, Australia
Contact :
Year : 2012

Bali has long been a tourist destination for Australian tourists and the Australian tourist market is an important one for Bali tourism. In the last two decades, increasingly Australian tourists have and are shifting their mobility practices from touristic practices to expatriate practices. In using the term, touristic, I am referring to short-term visitation to Bali as a traveler. The term, expatriate, on the other hand, is used to refer to a person who is provisionally or permanently living in Bali and is not of Balinese-Indonesian cultural background or socialised in Balinese-Indonesian culture. While these two definitions partially contradict the World Travel and Tourism Council’s (2012) definition, of “travellers on trips outside their usual environment with a duration of less than one year”, the two definitions, used in this paper, reflect similar perspectives to new mobilities paradigms (Sheeler and Urry, 2006) regarding fluidity in describing movement and purposes of people across time, place, and space.

Essentially, the paper is a paper about ‘others’ and ‘othering’ (Harding, 1991). In the first instance, the Australian expatriates as ‘others’ experience multiple layers of ‘othering’ by local residents, due to, for example, gender, age, socio-cultural background, behaviours and attitudes. In using the plural term ‘others’, I am embracing Irigaray’s (1985) postmodern perspective of multiplicity rather than only one type of universal ‘other’. The expatriates, in turn, engage in ‘othering’ Balinese and Indonesian residents. They do this because of their social and economic practices and concurrent perspectives of ‘self” as ‘subject’ despite being “others” in the host country. The paper narrates that in engaging in such practices, Australian expatriates demonstrate micro-scale neocolonial (Nkrumah, 1965) and nomadic capitalist tendencies (Williams, 1985), which have flow-on socio-economic, cultural and political consequences for expatriates and residents.

List of Articles
No. Subject Views Date
» Think Tank XII Social and Economic Mobility: Expatriate Practises in ... file 3207 Nov 06, 2013

Bali has long been a tourist destination for Australian tourists and the Australian tourist market is an important one for Bali tourism. In the last two decades, increasingly Australian tourists have and are shifting their mobility practices...

Author: Gayle Jennings 

Year: 2012 

101 Think Tank XII Identifying Issues with Tourist Wayfinding: A Collabor... file 2970 Nov 06, 2013

This paper reports on a study that was conducted in conjunction with Destination NSW, the government tourism authority for the state of New South Wales in Australia. The purpose of the study was to examine tourist wayfinding behaviour in Syd...

Author: Tony Griffin & Deborah Edwards 

Year: 2012 

100 Think Tank XII Civic Tourism, Environmental Art and Tourism Mobility:... file 3804 Nov 06, 2013

For several decades the artists Christo and Jeanne-Claude have created and installed art all over the world. Their art projects are large scale, temporary, and outdoor-environment inspired, and usually involve woven fabric that is suspended ...

Author: Diane Gaede & James Gould 

Year: 2012 

99 Think Tank XII Understanding Tourism Flows and Patterns: A Case Study... file 3380 Nov 06, 2013

This paper reports on the outcomes of two collaborative research projects, conducted in conjunction with destination management authorities. The projects used GPS tracking devices to find out how various kinds of visitors moved around two Au...

Author: Deborah Edwards & Tony Griffin 

Year: 2012 

98 Think Tank XII Does Migration Have a Bigger Impact on VFR than Total ... file 2939 Nov 06, 2013

As an important global market by purpose of travel, visiting friends and relatives, VFR, is closely associated with the history and development of international migration patterns which are a more permanent form of travel. Further, the impor...

Author: Larry Dwyer, Neelu Seetaram, Peter Forsyth & Brian King 

Year: 2012 

97 Think Tank XII Destination Governance and Tourist Mobilities: New Par... file 4483 Nov 06, 2013

Resort communities are complex systems where destination governance has become increasingly challenged by new mobilities of capital, finance, labor, communication, transportation, leisure and tourism. Popular destinations like the coastal co...

Author: Dianne Dredge & Tazim Jamal 

Year: 2012 

96 Think Tank XII Encouraging Environmentally Friendly Transport Mode Ch... file 5015 Nov 06, 2013

The travel between home and destination is a key element of any holiday and has received increasing attention by tourism scholars as its environmental and particularly its climatic impacts have become widely recognized (Gössling 2002; Metz, ...

Author: Astrid Dickinger & Anja Hergesell 

Year: 2012 

95 Think Tank XII Employee Work Attitudes, Mobility and Promotional Oppo... file 6326 Nov 06, 2013

The issue of employee mobility is brought into sharp focus in times of economic and social uncertainty. Previous studies into the causes of employee mobility have investigated, among other determinants, the link between the promotional oppor...

Author: Margaret Deery, Leo Jago & Michael Stewart 

Year: 2012 

94 Think Tank XII Tourist Cards - Experiences with Soft Mobility in Germ... file 2188 Nov 06, 2013

An increasing number of destinations face the negative sides of tourism transport. Especially, the motorized (individual) traffic can cause ecological problems due to a risen traffic volume, noise and air pollution or its negative effects on...

Author: Dorothea Dürkop & Sven Gross 

Year: 2012 

93 Think Tank XII Sustainable Mobilities Beyond the Report: Covert Susta... file 3958 Nov 06, 2013

The concept of sustainable development has become a mainstream idea in the governance and management of travel and tourism. Over the past two decades it has attracted considerable attention and debate. While the principles of sustainable dev...

Author: Tim Coles, Emily Fenclova & Claire Dinan 

Year: 2012 

92 Think Tank XII It's how you get there: Developing a Transportation Mo... file 2589 Nov 06, 2013

This paper examines the impacts of alternative modes of transportation utilized for an international study course in Ecuador during two consecutive summers. The analysis includes the perceived value of the student participants in relation to...

Author: Kenneth Cohen & John Bowen 

Year: 2012 

91 Think Tank XII Agent-Based Modelling and Simulation of Tourism Flows:... file 2550 Nov 06, 2013

The aim of this working paper is to demonstrate an interactive, real-time, transparent and dynamic approach to modelling tourism mobilities using agent-based simulation models [ABM]. ABM has previously been employed in studying organizationa...

Author: Jack Carlsen & Scott Heckbert 

Year: 2012 

90 Think Tank XII Evaluation of the accessibility of Monterrey's Tourism... file 1992 Nov 06, 2013

Despite several declarations, policies and regulations that seek to protect their rights, people with disabilities still encounter several constrains that impede their full participation in society, and, in particular, their access to and en...

Author: Blanca A. Camargo, Isabel Sánchez, Fátima Guajardo & Alejandro García 

Year: 2012 

89 Think Tank XII Origins, Evolution and Potential Future of the Coastal... file 9380 Nov 06, 2013

Coastal caravan parks in Australia are in decline due to the conversion of beachfront land to higher yielding forms of commercial enterprise (Prideaux and McClymont, 2006; Tourism Research Australia, 2007). The resulting reduction in accommo...

Author: Rod Caldicott & Pascal Scherrer 

Year: 2012 

88 Think Tank XII Ex Post Investigations of Tourist Consumptions and Env... file 2454 Nov 06, 2013

Progress towards a more sustainable future of tourism is conditioned by simultaneous improvements of the production and consumption of leisure. Consequently, efforts are done by companies (hotels, airlines, tour operators, etc), governmental...

Author: Adriana Budeanu 

Year: 2012 

87 Think Tank XII Sustainable Tourism: Is it better to travel or not to ... file 4591 Nov 06, 2013

Tourism’s growing contribution to climate change has come to the forefront of the sustainable tourism literature as evidenced by the Journal of Sustainable Tourism’s (JOST) 2010 publication of a special issue titled “Tourism: Adapting to Cli...

Author: B. Bynum Boley 

Year: 2012 

86 Think Tank XII The Impact of Volcanic Ash Clouds in 2010 and 2011 on ... file 2206 Nov 06, 2013

Few recent events which disrupted global tourism and especially tourism mobility, match the impact of the volcanic ash clouds generated from the eruption of the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajokull in 2010 and the Chilean volcano Puyehue in 20...

Author: David Beirman 

Year: 2012 

85 Think Tank XII Micro-Mobility Patterns and Service Blueprints as Foun... file 4015 Nov 06, 2013

This paper proposes the use of micro-mobility patterns and service blueprints in visitor management planning. Using a nature-based conservation area and visitor attraction in Wellington, New Zealand, as a case study, micro-mobility patterns ...

Author: Julia Albrecht 

Year: 2012 

84 Think Tank XI Environmental Attitudes of Generation Y Students: Foun... file 4853 Oct 14, 2013

Sustainability has long been a theme in the tourism research and planning literature and is a growing concern in the wider area of business and corporate management. Consequent to these trends in practice and research there has been a growt...

Author: Pierre Benckendorff, Gianna Moscardo & Laurie Murphy 

Year: 2011 

83 Think Tank XI An introduction of the Global Sustainable Tourism Coun... file 2818 Oct 14, 2013

The purpose of this presentation is to introduce the Global Sustainable Tourism Council and Criteria, in an effort to encourage the Criteria as part of a framework for sustainable tourism education. The history of the GSTC and Criteria will...

Author: Kelly Bricker 

Year: 2011