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RESOURCES: PAPERS & PRESENTATIONS

Author : Lesego S. Stone & Gyan P. Nyaupane
School/Work Place : University of Botswana & Arizona State University
Contact : lsebele@ori.ub.bw
Year : 2015

Present-day Western approaches relating to nature and natural resources management assume that humans are independent from the natural world (Pierotti & Wildcat, 2000). Protected areas such as Yellowstone National Park were created with this narrative in mind.  This view of conservation and nature is deeply entrenched and wilderness is still celebrated by many as a place to rejuvenate and discover the purpose for life (DiSilvestro, 1993). This construction sees nature as a resource for human use and a challenge for the rational mind to conquer (Adams, 2003). Despite this worldwide acceptance of Western views on nature, Mackenzie (1988) acknowledges the wilderness-humankind separation provided a means through which British colonizers took over their African colonies’ land and created enclaves that could serve their interests.

In contrast to westerners’ beliefs, Southerners believe in the harmony between nature and society (Colchester, 2000). For most, there is knowledge on how to interrelate with nature (Redford and Stearman, 1993). Evidence indicates that even with hunter-gatherers and wildlife being a part of local diet and commodity trading, wildlife populations remained high (Murombedzi, 2003). This has been attributed to the use of local myths, policies, customs and religions that reinforced and regulated resource use (Hviding, 2003). These traditional strategies promote and support the conservation of nature while ensuring access to it (Murombedzi, 2003).

The creation of protected areas has had negative impacts on native communities; in Uganda, the Ik were removed from their traditional hunting grounds to allow for the establishment of Kidepo National Park while in Botswana, Basarwa were relocated to make way for Moremi National Park (Colchester, 2000). Hence, local resentments may occur. For instance, although for most White Americans protected places represent, beauty and national pride, the same lands symbolize deception, lost land, and continued oppression for many Native Americans who were displaced from their ancestral lands (McAvoy, 2002).


List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
334 Think Tank XVI Values, Sustainability and Destination Choice Decision... file 631 Jul 01, 2016

The sustainability concept has become popular after it was first used in almost three decades ago in what is now a renowned report, Our Common Future by Brundtland’s World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED 1987). Although much...

Author: Ercan Sirakaya-Turk, Seyhmuz Baloglu & Haywantee Rumi Ramkissoon 

Year: 2016 

333 Think Tank XV Rural renewal or requiem? Establishing new creative ve... file 652 Jul 27, 2015

During the past decades, concern for rural poverty and underdevelopment of the rural communities of Namibia has been central to government development efforts. This has further given rise to several rural development programmes. While, some ...

Author: Erling Kavita 

Year: 2015 

332 Think Tank XVI The role of sustainability communication in the attitu... file 664 Jul 02, 2016

The extensive growth of the tourism sector entails both beneficial economic contribution and negative environmental and socio-economic impacts. In order to protect the resources tourism is based upon, greater levels of sustainability are ne...

Author: Christina Tölkes 

Year: 2016 

331 Think Tank XVII Enclave tourism: a friend or a foe for small island de... file 674 Aug 17, 2017

Earlier studies have stimulated much debate regarding enclave tourism development in developing countries (Britton 1982). However, it is increasingly being acknowledged that despite criticisms, all forms of tourism have the potential to cont...

Author: Perunjodi Naidoo 

Year: 2017 

330 Think Tank XVI Responsible High Performance Sport Travel – Opportunit... file 678 Jul 02, 2016

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Author: Kerstin Heuwinkel 

Year: 2016 

329 Think Tank XVI New approach on creating shared value in corporate soc... file 701 Jul 01, 2016

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) to manage environmental, social and economic impacts has been widely researched in tourism. However, there is criticism of the lack of non-western, local perspectives in tourism planning and management,...

Author: Gabrielle McGinnis & Tamara Young & Mark Harvey 

Year: 2016 

328 Think Tank XVIII What to communicate about sustainability actions of Fi... file 707 Jan 07, 2019

Key words: sustainability, responsibility, marketing, communication, Finland, villa holiday

Author: Katja Pasanen 

Year: 2018 

327 Think Tank XVI Crowdsourcing – New Ways of an efficient Corporate Soc... file 780 Jul 02, 2016

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Corporate Sustainability (CS) play a more and more crucial role in the development of hotel business. A study of the French hotel company Accor shows, that sustainability is a determining factor of ...

Author: Matthias Straub 

Year: 2016 

326 Think Tank XVIII Persuasive communication: an experiment on hotel guest... file 793 Jan 07, 2019

Key words: personal values, smart water-saving technology, community-based social marketing, science communication, pro-environmental behaviour, field experiment.

Author: Pablo Pereira-Doel, Xavier Font & Candice Howarth 

Year: 2018 

325 Think Tank XV A novel review approach on adventure tourism scholarship file 797 Jul 24, 2015

As a niche market, adventure tourism has been developing rapidly in many regions and territories, evidenced by increasing number of participants and intensive growth of adventure tourism products (Adventure Travel Trade Association, 2013; T...

Author: Mingming Chen, Deborah Edward, Simon Darcy 

Year: 2015 

324 Think Tank XVI Navigating Evolving Global Trends in Financial Crime: ... file 802 Jul 02, 2016

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Author: Verity Anne Greenwood 

Year: 2016 

323 Think Tank XVII Reducing economic leakages from tourism: A value chain... file 808 Aug 17, 2017

The research is funded by the Centre for the Development of Enterprise and with the guidance of the International Trade Centre of UNCTAD. The authors would like to thank Pablo LoMoro at the International Trade Centre for his considerable sup...

Author: Andrew Rylance & Anna Spenceley 

Year: 2017 

OPA: 2017 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

322 Think Tank XV Enhancing stakeholders’ participation for sustainable ... file 828 Jul 27, 2015

Tourism is a fragile industry with multiple stakeholders. Globally, the desire of its stakeholders is to gain more benefits and eliminate negative impacts on resources that support the industry, particularly in protected areas (PAs) such as ...

Author: Richie Wandwi 

Year: 2015 

321 Think Tank XVI Tourists’ attitude towards and willingness to pay for ... file 845 Jul 02, 2016

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Author: Isabel Lissner & Marius Mayer 

Year: 2016 

» Think Tank XV Why Africans do not visit their national parks: A case... file 846 Jul 27, 2015

Present-day Western approaches relating to nature and natural resources management assume that humans are independent from the natural world (Pierotti & Wildcat, 2000). Protected areas such as Yellowstone National Park were created with ...

Author: Lesego S. Stone & Gyan P. Nyaupane 

Year: 2015 

319 Think Tank XVI Communicating sustainability values of wine producers file 862 Jul 02, 2016

This paper examines visual design language used in the New Zealand wine industry to communicate values of sustainability. The contribution critically discusses how industry values are physically manifested in and communicated through imager...

Author: Tobias Danielmeier 

Year: 2016 

318 Think Tank XVI The impact of CSR activities of family businesses on c... file 882 Jul 02, 2016

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Author: Zehrer Anita 

Year: 2016 

317 Think Tank XV Perceptions of local communities participation in rura... file 913 Jul 27, 2015

In order to maximize the benefits and minimize the costs, rural communities should be able to participate actively in all aspects of tourism, including planning and management. The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the local communit...

Author: Limpho Lekaota & Jarkko Saarined 

Year: 2015 

316 Think Tank XVII Transit Tours for Airport Passengers – Issues and Chal... file 925 Aug 17, 2017

Since the advent of liberalisation of the aviation industry in the late 1970s, many countries have adopted the liberal policy in air transport and entered bilateral air service agreements, often referred to as “open skies agreements” (OSAs),...

Author: Priscilla Chau Min Poon 

Year: 2017 

315 Think Tank XVII Travelers Satisfaction with Dimensions of Tourist Tert... file 939 Aug 17, 2017

Loyalty of customers is recognized as a key ingredient for the success of organisations. A 5% increase in customer retention has been linked to 85% increase in profits (Reichfield and Sasser, 1990). As noted by Assael (1984), long term organ...

Author: Boopendra Seetanah & Viraiyan Teeroovengadum & Kesseven Padachi 

Year: 2017 

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