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RESOURCES


RESOURCES: PAPERS & PRESENTATIONS

Author : Caroline Scarles
School/Work Place : University of Surrey, UK
Contact : c.scarles@surrey.ac.uk
Year : 2011

As Sontag (1979) stated, we live in an image-based world within which we are continuously bombarded with visuals in countless formats and guises. However, despite such image saturation, academic engagement whether through teaching or research continues to be restrained within the boundaries of text as the written word. While Barthes (1977) refers to the "image as text", this paper suggests that such analogies to the image as a form of representation fail to capture the potential of the visual as a vehicle for learning and teaching within academic environments. Indeed, while visuals are increasingly adopted within the learning and teaching environment, examples of the use of visuals as a means of assessment remain relatively scarce. Drawing upon two innovative forms of assessment, this paper therefore seeks to explore the opportunities the visual affords for encouraging deeper reflexivity, creativity and understanding within the student experience. As students are required to understand the complexities of sustainable tourism, this paper suggests that innovative forms of visual-based assessment offer not only the opportunity for students not only to draw upon existing third-party images to support or enhance their work, but in creating their own images, students become empowered within the learning environment. Thus, visuals generate opportunity for deeper engagement and in turn, learning and understanding of sustainable tourism during their experience.


List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
122 Think Tank XIII Striving for Environmental Sustainability through Soci... file 6126 Nov 06, 2013

The question how native societies cope with the increasing pressure of global values, such as sustainability, westernization and democratic institutions has been asked in the last decades (Smith, 1989; Honey, 1999; Nash, 2001; Honey, 2008). ...

Author: Peter Varga 

Year: 2013 

121 Think Tank VI Corporate Social Responsibility and Marine Tourism Org... file 6006 Oct 13, 2013

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has become an important issue for some governments but the tourism industry appears to be slow in adopting CSR strategies. By focusing on CSR, we argue that the implementation of CSR audits could help t...

Author: Ya-Ting Huang, David Botterill & Eleri Jones 

Year: 2006 

120 Think Tank V Managing Risk and Crisis for Sustainable Tourism: Rese... file 5997 Dec 14, 2013

Many tourism professionals are afraid to speak about terms such as tourism security and tourism safety. There is a common feeling among tourism and travel professionals that these terms will frighten customers and that the less said the bett...

Author: Peter E. Tarlow 

Year: 2005 

OPA: Keynote Speech 

» Think Tank XI Visualising Sustainability: Reflections on Applied Stu... file 5977 Oct 14, 2013

As Sontag (1979) stated, we live in an image-based world within which we are continuously bombarded with visuals in countless formats and guises. However, despite such image saturation, academic engagement whether through teaching or resear...

Author: Caroline Scarles 

Year: 2011 

118 Think Tank IX Valuing Open Innovation Environments in Tourism Educat... file 5949 Oct 13, 2013

The world has changed tremendously since the publication of Our Common Future by the World Commission for Environment and Development (1987), which elevated the concept of sustainable development from grassroots initiatives to the forefront...

Author: Janne Liburd & Anne-Mette Hjalager 

Year: 2009 

117 Think Tank IX Tourism Relationship Model and Intermediary for Sustai... file 5948 Oct 13, 2013

This paper proposes a simple model that depicts the relationship between community and extra-community stakeholders that will enable the effective development of sustainable tourism. “Sustainable tourism” in this paper is defined as tourism ...

Author: Asami Shikida, Mami Yoda, Akiko Kino & Masayuki Morishige 

Year: 2009 

116 Think Tank XIV Can "Slow Travel" Contribute to Sustainable Tourism? file 5923 Jun 27, 2014

Slow travel as a research field has increased in popularity in the last decade. The concept started to gain attention through online communities, and tourism researchers have become interested in the possible benefits that slow travel may ha...

Author: Tina Roenhovde Tiller 

Year: 2014 

115 Think Tank XII Causality Between Inbound Tourism and Economic Growth:... file 5876 Nov 06, 2013

This paper examines the existing studies of the relationship between inbound tourism and economic growth. After a brief discussion of general economic growth theory and the reasons why a positive causal relationship may exist between export ...

Author: Mondher Sahli & Simon Carey 

Year: 2012 

114 Think Tank XII Encouraging Environmentally Friendly Transport Mode Ch... file 5851 Nov 06, 2013

The travel between home and destination is a key element of any holiday and has received increasing attention by tourism scholars as its environmental and particularly its climatic impacts have become widely recognized (Gössling 2002; Metz, ...

Author: Astrid Dickinger & Anja Hergesell 

Year: 2012 

113 Think Tank VII Practical Interpretations of a Dynamic Model of Sustai... file 5816 Oct 13, 2013

"Operational definitions of tourism sustainability require details regarding what is to be sustained, for whom it is to be sustained, and the level at which it is to be sustained." This is the introductory sentence to "A Dynamic Model of Sus...

Author: Timothy Tyrrell & Robert Johnston 

Year: 2007 

112 Think Tank XIV The Bukit Jalil Legacy: Local Residents' Perceptions o... file 5774 Jun 26, 2014

This paper explores local population’s perceptions of the development of the Bukit Jalil area after the 1998 Kuala Lumpur Commonwealth Games. The work on which this study is based is important because it provides a fundamental insight for th...

Author: Rui Qi Chong & Paolo Mura 

Year: 2014 

111 Think Tank XI Learning Network Sustainable Tourism (LNST) for Touris... file 5758 Oct 14, 2013

Since 2002 the Flemish Tourism Board, the executive agency of the Flemish Ministry of Tourism, has implemented different actions to introduce the principles of sustainable tourism into tourism education in Flanders. The general objective is...

Author: Griet Geudens & Manuel Minne 

Year: 2011 

110 OPA award The Managing Local Tourism Master Class: Communicating... file 5682 Oct 13, 2013

The aim of this paper is to describe an action-based research project entitled the Management Local Tourism Master Class (MLTMC) and to discuss the merits of this extension tool in building sustainable tourism management practices across loc...

Author: Dianne Dredge, Emma-Jane Ford & Michelle Whitford 

Year: 2010 

OPA: 2010 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

109 Think Tank XIV Development of a Certification System for Sustainable ... file 5635 Jun 27, 2014

Tourism destinations are complex entities that can be defined as geographical areas of different sizes that are being visited by tourists. Most definitions then differentiate between the perspectives of those living in and managing a destina...

Author: Wolfgang Strasdas 

Year: 2014 

108 Think Tank X Implementation of the DIT-ACHIEV Model for Sustainable... file 5634 Oct 13, 2013

The DIT-ACHIEV Model is a model of sustainable tourism indicators developed in a previous research project undertaken by the School of Hospitality Management and Tourism, Dublin Institute of Technology. The indicators represent six fields o...

Author: Maeve Morrissey, Kevin Griffin & Sheila Flanagan 

Year: 2010 

107 Think Tank VI Corporate Social Responsibility and Travel & Tourism B... file 5594 Oct 13, 2013

This paper discusses some economic, social, and environmental “hard issues” for the travel and tourism (T&T) industry with the aim of shedding some light on little discussed aspects of industry corporate social responsibility (CSR) with ...

Author: David Stipanuk 

Year: 2006 

106 Think Tank X Sustainability: What Matters to Students, Educators, a... file 5588 Oct 13, 2013

As climate change gains global attention from events like the summit in Copenhagen held during December of 2009, the need for sustainable tourism is more important than ever; with comprehensive education in sustainability concepts and practi...

Author: Cynthia S. Deale & Nelson Barber 

Year: 2010 

105 Think Tank XII Intersecting Mobilities: Tourists with Vision Impairme... file 5580 Nov 06, 2013

While there has been a developing interest in mobilities amongst tourism scholars, the notion of immobilities has often been ignored. Yet, there are many people who do not participate in tourism or, if they do, only experience partial mobili...

Author: Jennifer Small 

Year: 2012 

104 Think Tank VIII Resident Support for Sustainable Tourism Policies in T... file 5555 Oct 13, 2013

During the last two decades, there has been increased focus on topics related to various aspects of sustainable tourism. Believing that sustainable tourism can be a serious alternative that can remedy some of the negative impacts associated ...

Author: Ercan Sirakaya-Turk, Muzzo S. Uysal & Turgut Var 

Year: 2008 

103 Think Tank XIV The Emergence of Cross-border Governance Structures: t... file 5528 Jun 26, 2014

It is well recognized that the local borders of a tourism destination are not easy to delineate as they are constantly changing through complex practices and discourses due to historical, political, and economic factors. In fact, recent stud...

Author: Dani Blasco, Jaume Guia & Lluís Prats 

Year: 2014 

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