Resources

RESOURCES


RESOURCES: PAPERS & PRESENTATIONS

Author : Erling Kavita
School/Work Place : Polytechnic of Namibia, Namibia
Contact : ekavita@polytechnic.edu.na
Year : 2015

During the past decades, concern for rural poverty and underdevelopment of the rural communities of Namibia has been central to government development efforts. This has further given rise to several rural development programmes. While, some of the programmes have yielded fruitful results, many others have not achieved the objectives for which they were set up. Communuty-Based Tourism Initiatives (CBTs) are often considered as a component of broad-based plans to improve rural economies. This process occurs through increased community participation in decision making and the sustainable utilisation of both natural and cultural resources. This paper reviews the existing policy and planning frameworks in relation to tourism and rural development in Namibia. Policies aimed towards rural community development are reviewed with a focus on community-based tourism initiatives. The policy emphasises structures and processes to help local communities to benefit from the tourism industry, and the active and coordinatedinvolvement of communities, which is expected to ensure that the benefits of tourism trickle down to the local level where tourist activities take place. It is noted that in addition to public policy-makers, tourism developers and the private business environment in Namibia need to recognize the full potential of rural tourism development in order to meet the politically driven promises in policy level. In this respect there is a need to coordinate a comprehensive vision of what type of rural tourism development or tourism in rural environments holds the most potential to benefit both local communities and the mainstream industry. A new narrative is needed, that will enhance the capacity of local perspectives to address key lacunae in recent discussions, including questions of ownership, scale and dynamics.


List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
354 Think Tank XII Employee Work Attitudes, Mobility and Promotional Oppo... file 5956 Nov 06, 2013

The issue of employee mobility is brought into sharp focus in times of economic and social uncertainty. Previous studies into the causes of employee mobility have investigated, among other determinants, the link between the promotional oppor...

Author: Margaret Deery, Leo Jago & Michael Stewart 

Year: 2012 

353 OPA award Stakeholder involvement, culture and accountability in... file 5940 Oct 13, 2013

Following its historical rise and fall, America’s first industrialized polluted landscape garnered federal and local support to remedy its near destruction. Today, the Blackstone Valley is a pragmatic example of translating theory into pract...

Author: Robert Billington, Veronica Cadoppi & Natalie Carter 

Year: 2006 

OPA: 2006 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

352 Think Tank XII Are We Moving Towards Education for Sustainability? A ... file 5933 Nov 06, 2013

It is nearing the end of the United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (2005-2014) (United Nations, 2011), an awareness raising campaign which “seeks to mobilize the educational resources of the world to help create a mo...

Author: Erica Wilson, Tania von der Heidt, Geoffrey Lamberton & Dayle Morrison 

Year: 2012 

351 Think Tank XIII The Paradox of poverty amidst the plenty of nature: co... file 5930 Nov 06, 2013

Rural communities in South Africa have not been active stakeholders in tourism development. Community awareness and involvement in the preservation of natural and cultural heritage through sustainable tourism development in selected areas ad...

Author: Felicité A. Fairer-Wessels 

Year: 2013 

350 Think Tank XIII Understanding Sense of Place in Tourism Development: T... file 5918 Nov 06, 2013

This paper introduces the rationale for a study which explores the relationship between sense of place and sustainability at Tunku Abdul Rahman National Park (TARP), Sabah. Sense of place encompasses an understanding of the meaning bestowed ...

Author: Paulin Wong Poh Lin & Balvinder Kaur Kler 

Year: 2013 

349 Think Tank IX Cross-Cultural Interaction, Capacity Building and Sust... file 5881 Oct 13, 2013

This paper reports on findings which are part of a broader research conducted under the Learning and Teaching Fellowship Award 2007/08, aimed at the assessment of innovative blended learning techniques and applied learning in alternative st...

Author: Marina Novelli 

Year: 2009 

348 Think Tank IX Sustainable Tourism Development Plan for the Old City ... file 5841 Oct 13, 2013

This research aims to propose a sustainable tourism development plan for the City of Nan. Since the year 2000, Nan civil society leaders, national and international stakeholders have tried to develop Nan into a world heritage destination. I...

Author: Donruetai Kovathanakul 

Year: 2009 

347 Think Tank XIII Assessing the Impact of Rural Tourism Development on t... file 5830 Nov 06, 2013

Past literature has posited that tourism is one of the fastest growing sectors and has been signified as an attractive investment proposition. Rural tourism sector has been actively promoted by the Malaysian government and currently, it is c...

Author: May-Chiun Lo, Vikneswaran Nair, Peter Songan & Helen Lee HuiHui 

Year: 2013 

346 Think Tank VIII Destination Competitiveness and Policy Making for Pove... file 5799 Oct 13, 2013

This paper has five aims. First, to discuss the Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI) and the method of its construction. If the TTCI is to have policy significance it is essential that its components be identified and analysed as ...

Author: Larry Dwyer 

Year: 2008 

345 Think Tank XIV The Roles of the Public, Private and Voluntary Sector ... file 5782 Jun 26, 2014

Social tourism refers to initiatives that aim to include groups into tourism that would otherwise be excluded from it. The earliest definition of social tourism by Hunzicker (1951) described social tourism as ‘‘the relationships and phenomen...

Author: Lynn Minnaert 

Year: 2014 

344 Think Tank VIII Environmental Education and Ecotourism: A Case Study o... file 5734 Oct 13, 2013

In this paper we take the standpoint that environmental education and ecotourism are highly related and depend on each other, and that ecotourism cannot be achieved without proper environmental education. Furthermore, in order to achieve qu...

Author: Mojca Arsenijevic & Marko Bohanec 

Year: 2008 

343 Think Tank V Ideas for A(u)ction: Tourism Risk Management file 5723 Dec 14, 2013

As a contribution to BEST Education Network ThinkTank V, Managing Riskand Crisis for Sustainable Tourism, the following paper has been prepared in two parts. The first part of the paper focuses on the idea that an appropriate model can be de...

Author: Scott K. Cunliffe 

Year: 2005 

OPA: Keynote Speech 

342 Think Tank X Implementing Networks of the New Zealand Tourism Strat... file 5717 Oct 13, 2013

The areas of tourism planning and strategy are frequently at the focus of academic enquiry; however, the implementation of the planning results is not. The small number of existing studies suggests that many difficulties associated with pla...

Author: Julia N. Albrecht 

Year: 2010 

341 Think Tank VII Destination and Enterprise Management for a Tourism Fu... file 5697 Oct 13, 2013

A key element of a successful tourism industry is the ability to recognize and deal with change across a wide range of key factors and the way they interact. Key drivers of global change can be classified as Economic, Social, Political, Tec...

Author: Larry Dwyer, Deborah Edwards, Nina Mistilis, & Carolina Roman 

Year: 2007 

340 Think Tank IX What do sustainable tourism researchers value? An anal... file 5646 Oct 13, 2013

Sustainable Tourism has emerged as a major field of specialisation within tourism and has been so pervasive that some have suggested that the field represents a fifth platform of tourism research, while others have argued that the field has...

Author: Pierre Benckendorff 

Year: 2009 

339 Think Tank XIII Measuring Tourism: Developing a Regional Level Framewo... file 5588 Nov 06, 2013

In the field of tourism impacts research it is often assumed that certain characteristics of tourism are related to the nature and extent of tourism impacts on the destination’s community well-being. However, a standard set of measures for t...

Author: Elena Konovalov, Laurie Murphy & Gianna Moscardo 

Year: 2013 

338 Think Tank V Tourism Education for Cambodia: A Case Study of its Fi... file 5525 Oct 13, 2013

This paper details the development, delivery and outcomes of a Masters course in Tourism Development that was delivered by the Royal University of Phnom Penh, with the assistance and support of the University of Technology Sydney (UTS) and t...

Author: Ravi Ravinder 

Year: 2005 

337 OPA award Crisis Communications and Tourism Recovery Strategies ... file 5491 Oct 13, 2013

This paper describes the application of lessons and processes gleaned from previous crises and disasters to the tourism recovery process for the Maldives following the tsunami of December 26 th , 2004. An assessment of existing literature as...

Author: Jack Carlsen 

Year: 2005 

OPA: 2005 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

336 OPA award Environmental Training and Measures at Scandic Hotels,... file 5489 Dec 01, 2013

Hotels are traditionally geared towards providing a high-level of comfort and entertainment, as well as a broad spectrum of services, often without giving much concern to associated environmental or socio-economic impacts. Hotel companies ty...

Author: Paulina Bohdanowicz, Branko Simanic & Ivo Martinac 

Year: 2004 

OPA: 2004 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

335 Think Tank XIII Striving for Environmental Sustainability through Soci... file 5447 Nov 06, 2013

The question how native societies cope with the increasing pressure of global values, such as sustainability, westernization and democratic institutions has been asked in the last decades (Smith, 1989; Honey, 1999; Nash, 2001; Honey, 2008). ...

Author: Peter Varga 

Year: 2013 

AAA