Resources

RESOURCES


RESOURCES: PAPERS & PRESENTATIONS

Author : Candice Hunter & Kevin Mearns
School/Work Place : University of South Africa
Contact : mearnkf@unisa.ac.za
Year : 2016
The world is changing into a place where broader spectra of responsibilities are now being embraced. A significant realisation has grown throughout the world that the Earth’s natural resources are scarce. Industrialisation and economic growth has provided worldwide prosperity. The increasing evidence of negative impacts caused by climate change has given rise to persistent environmental concerns, particularly caused by the global reliance on fossil fuels and limited energy and water supplies (Gummer & Goldsmith, 2007). There is vast evidence of devastating effects that humans have had on the environment (Schmidt-Traub& Sears, 2005). Economic development has also resulted in both positive (emergence of middle classes, better water and electricity supply, better transport systems and education) and negative social impacts around the world (high levels of poverty, youth unemployment, shortages of housing and other social resources). Protests against these negative social issues have encouraged institutional and corporate efforts to address environmental and social concerns, resulting in more organised interventions and incentives for people, companies and governments to change their behaviours and actions that are creating negative social and environmental effects. However, there is still a continuing need to address the environmental and social changes as humans are dependent upon the natural environment and its resources to achieve human development goals. All the environmental and social problems will have a direct effect on every human being around the world unless steps are taken to mitigate and reverse negative environment impacts. It is unsustainable to continue to ‘practice as normal’ focussing only on economic gains. It is crucial to look after the environment and society through changes in behaviours, practices and activities. “Sustainable development had a profound influence on the way people now perceive themselves as an integrated part of the environment: people are increasingly aware that their activities have a significant impact on the environment (Mearns, 2012: 7851).” A strong call for the implementation of sustainable development and triple bottom line reporting has been made. A new focus on companies’ environmental and social impacts have grown in the corporate world. Corporate impropriety resulted in calls for corporate transparency and accountability, which has led to the rising demand for corporate social responsibility, sustainability reporting and sustainable development (Freemantle, 2005; Erlandsson & Olinder, 2009).  The triple bottom line, was enforced within the corporate world through several avenues. An influential aspect that has practically forced companies to implement the triple bottom line reporting in South Africa is the development of the King Code III on corporate governance. According to the code, all JSE listed companies are required to comply with the latest King code, incorporating sustainable development into their business practices (King Committee on Governance, 2009). With the pressure placed on companies to enforce the triple bottom line within their business practices, this has challenged companies to create a balance of economic, social and environmental priorities.  As a consequence to implementation of sustainability practices, sustainability reporting has become an important phenomenon amongst corporations. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a focus on corporate governance, especially with regard to sustainable development and sustainability reporting, also known as triple bottom line reporting (Aras & Crowther, 2008). This has had an influence on business activities and the way in which businesses report their activities.

List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
114 Think Tank IV Evaluation of Tourism Events: A Critical Review with a... file 1778 Oct 13, 2013

This presentation will critically review the three main sources of error in tourism event evaluation, related to the limited temporal, geographic and economic scope of current event evaluation approaches. In doing so, it will draw the attent...

Author: Jack Carlsen 

Year: 2004 

113 Think Tank VII Innovation in Tourism Education: Building the Capacity... file 1773 Oct 13, 2013

This paper will present the findings of a recent Summit on the Future of Tourism Education held in April 2007 in Austria. The summit's goal is to identify future societal, economic, environmental, political and technological trends from 201...

Author: Pauline Sheldon 

Year: 2007 

112 Think Tank XVII Residents’ perceptions of sustainable tourism in Mauri... file 1744 Aug 17, 2017

This paper examines residents' perception on sustainable tourism in Mauritius. 500 surveys were elaborated and circulated to the respondents. This research examines the connections between the demographic variables gender, age, instruction l...

Author: Bhavish Jugurnath & Roucheet Bissessur & Youvish Ramjattan & Devendra Bissessur 

Year: 2017 

111 Think Tank XVIII Community participation and stakeholder engagement in ... file 1733 Jan 07, 2019

Keywords: natural resource management, community participation, stakeholder engagement, co-creation, sustainable tourism, Networks of Reserves.

Author: Umberto Martini, Federica Buffa, Sandra Notaro, Nicola Zeni & Pier Luigi Novi Inverardi 

Year: 2018 

110 Think Tank X Knowledge Economies, Knowledge Making, Complexity Theo... file 1722 Oct 14, 2013

This paper narrates processes associated with the development of microtourism enterprises as one part of a broader organically determined sustainable development agenda in a north eastern coastal village in Bali. The paper’s narrative is co...

Author: Gayle Jennings 

Year: 2010 

109 Think Tank XIX Innovation Generator. Ideas for Sustainable Tourism Pr... file 1709 Oct 23, 2019

Key words: Innovation generator, Sustainable tourism, Alps, projects, Switzerland Page: 208-213 Innovation Generator.pdf Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Norma...

Author: Fabian Weber 

Year: 2019 

108 Think Tank XVIII The Munich Streetlife Festival: A case study on a gree... file 1696 Jan 07, 2019

Key words: Green events, sustainability communication, theory of planned behaviour, transtheoretical model, structure equation model

Author: Elias Butzmann & Christina Tölkes 

Year: 2018 

107 Think Tank XVIII Sustainable Experience: Innovative sustainable communi... file 1638 Jan 07, 2019

Key words: Customer Experience, Sustainable Marketing, CSR, Communication, Hospitality Management

Author: Annkathrin Weiss & Matthias Straub 

Year: 2018 

106 Think Tank VIII Tourism Acting as a Factor of Integration: The Case of... file 1636 Oct 13, 2013

Over the past years, reports over brutal, racist attacks in the former eastern states of Germany have filled the headlines of German and international media again and again. Tourism authorities in these states have complained that these att...

Author: Dagmar Lund-Durlacher 

Year: 2008 

105 Think Tank XVII Reducing economic leakages from tourism: A value chain... file 1602 Aug 17, 2017

The research is funded by the Centre for the Development of Enterprise and with the guidance of the International Trade Centre of UNCTAD. The authors would like to thank Pablo LoMoro at the International Trade Centre for his considerable sup...

Author: Andrew Rylance & Anna Spenceley 

Year: 2017 

OPA: 2017 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

104 Think Tank XVII E-Mobility as an Innovation for a Sustainable Destinat... file 1601 Aug 17, 2017

The project "E-Destination” funded by Internationale Bodenseehochschule (IBH) aims to show whether and in what form electro-mobility can play a bigger role regarding tourism in the rural region of Lake Constance (in German: Bodensee), Baden-...

Author: Tatjana Thimm 

Year: 2017 

103 Think Tank XVII A meta-analysis of the tourism and economic growth nexus file 1586 Aug 17, 2017

The existing literature is fraught with empirical studies delineating the impact of the tourism sector on economic growth. However, the results are at best inconclusive. In this regard, the aim of the present study is to investigate the unde...

Author: Boopendra Seetanah & Robin Nunkoo & Raja Vinesh Sannassee & Paul Georges Warren Moraghen & Zameelah Rifkha Khan Jaffur 

Year: 2017 

102 Think Tank XVI Sustainable Tourism Managment on Small Island Destinat... file 1556 Jul 02, 2016

On December 11th, 2015 climate change negotiations came to a close after the COP21 – 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris. Across media channels and climate protests the event was referred to as “the last chance summit”, w...

Author: Bonnie Lewtas & René Schmidpeter 

Year: 2016 

101 Think Tank XVII Investigating the impact of climate change on the tour... file 1531 Aug 17, 2017

The tourism sector is vital for the development of small island developing states. However, climate change can negatively impact on tourism demand and affect these economies both on the economic and social level. The purpose of this study is...

Author: Sheereen Fauzel, Boopen Seetanah, Robin Sannassee & Robin Nunkoo 

Year: 2017 

100 Think Tank XV Enhancing stakeholders’ participation for sustainable ... file 1521 Jul 27, 2015

Tourism is a fragile industry with multiple stakeholders. Globally, the desire of its stakeholders is to gain more benefits and eliminate negative impacts on resources that support the industry, particularly in protected areas (PAs) such as ...

Author: Richie Wandwi 

Year: 2015 

99 Think Tank XV Conserving biodiversity as tourism (including wildlife... 1519 Jul 27, 2015

Governments throughout Australia and elsewhere recognise that tourism is an important sector of the economy, and are encouraging its growth in a variety of ways, some more environmentally sound than others. This papers presents not the resul...

Author: Ronda J Green 

Year: 2015 

98 Think Tank XVII Providing sustainable innovations in the hospitality i... file 1471 Aug 17, 2017

Sustainability and eco-friendliness is gaining considerable attention within the hotel industry (Chen, Sloan & Legrand, 2009; Kim & Han, 2010). There has been a growing awareness of the environmental and social influence of hotel ope...

Author: Julia Zimmermann & Matthias Straub 

Year: 2017 

97 Think Tank XVI Communicating sustainability values of wine producers file 1449 Jul 02, 2016

This paper examines visual design language used in the New Zealand wine industry to communicate values of sustainability. The contribution critically discusses how industry values are physically manifested in and communicated through imager...

Author: Tobias Danielmeier 

Year: 2016 

96 Think Tank X How Is Sustainability ‘Materialised’ in Tourism? Conte... file 1434 Oct 13, 2013

Meaning is one of the most elusive and ubiquitous properties of tourism spaces. This paper analyses the ambiguity of meaning in the materiality of tourism sustainability. Sustainable development and its three interrelated principles of holi...

Author: Neil M. Walsh 

Year: 2010 

95 Think Tank XVII Innovation riving structural power changes in peripher... file 1421 Aug 17, 2017

Traditionally, tourism development in small island destinations has been explained through the lens of the Dependency Theory (Bianchi, 2002; Britton, 1982; Brown & Hall, 2000; Buhalis, 1999; Butler, 1993; Hall, 1994; Harrison, 2001; Weav...

Author: Chaya Hurnath 

Year: 2017 

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