Author : Janne J. Liburd & Jack Carlsen
School/Work Place : University of Southern Denmark, Denmark (Janne J. Liburd), Curtin University of Technology, Australia (Jack Carlsen)
Contact :
Year : 2006

Family businesses, that is, businesses owned and/or operated my members of a single family, are predominant in Western economies. This is also an important category of business within tourism hospitality, particularly in rural areas where research indicates that they form the majority (Getz et al 2004). Whereas lifestyle is a main reason for the establishment of these businesses, they are also motivated by conservation (Carlsen et al 2001, Schaper and Carlsen 2004), and sustainability remains an option as well (Bramwell and Alletorp 2001; Getz et al 2004). Key issues for family business are the role of family members, cultural practice and quality of life. Understanding these dimensions is important to a large number of people in the tourism and hospitality industry, tourism planning and sustainable development, especially in ecologically and socially sensitive rural areas.

This paper proposes that our understanding of sustainable tourism should be extended to embrace the dynamics of cultural practice and sense of belonging. Culture is constantly appropriated as a tourism resource, which is used to generate economic opportunities and simultaneously reinforce a positive sense of place, identity, tradition, professional pride and mutual respect. The latter is of particular relevance since tourism is also well known for producing unequal encounters between visiting tourists, hosts and local residents (Liburd 2006). Moreover, sustainable development is not a static target to be achieved but a process of transformation where acceptable levels of change by those involved in hospitality and tourism are of key importance. It will be argued that inter-generational collaboration and democratic equity are critical to sustainability within family businesses in tourism and hospitality. Previous research by Getz and Carlsen (2000) indicates that the most important goal for family businesses was the sharing of key decisions. Moreover, the cumulative decisions of the multitude of family businesses in tourism and hospitality have more influence on sustainable development than do the singular programs and policies of corporations, which invariably focus on profits not people. This paper will demonstrate that family businesses, not corporations, are best placed to embrace the transformation towards sustainable tourism development because principles of equity and concern for matters beyond profitability are paramount for these businesses.

List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
194 OPA award Sustainable Tourism on a Mass Tourism Island: An Explo... file 3797 Oct 23, 2019

Key words: sustainable tourism, mass tourism, sustainable urban development, environmental sustainability Page: 86-114 Sustainable Tourism on a Mass Tourism Island.pdf Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ ta...

Author: Kate Devor Leuhusen 

Year: 2019 

193 Think Tank XIII City Slicker to Roo Carer: The Journey of a Wildlife V... file 3779 Nov 06, 2013

The level of interest and participation in voluntourism has progressively become a major sector in contemporary tourism. The notion of combining a novel and pleasurable tourism experience with the fulfillment of contributing a worthwhile cau...

Author: Eunice Tan 

Year: 2013 

192 Think Tank XVI CSR in Medical Toursim – new markets, new responsibili... file 3774 Jul 02, 2016

Governments, hospitals, clinics and facilitators go about their business of marketing health tourism to international patients and their relatives. While they focus on making money researchers should ask questions about changes raised by th...

Author: Kerstin Heuwinkel 

Year: 2016 

191 Think Tank X Agenda 21, the Internet and Globalization – Creating a... file 3716 Oct 13, 2013

This paper discusses the contemporary meeting of three large-scale systems or processes - Agenda 21, the Internet and globalization - and what this historical conjunction means for networking sustainable tourism development. It is important...

Author: Gordon Sillence & Herbert Hamele 

Year: 2010 

190 Think Tank IV Sustainable Tourism and Innovation in Mobile Tourism S... file 3713 Oct 13, 2013

This paper presents a joint public and private sector research project entitled Mobile Digital City and Nature Walks - the development of content and software for a mobile tourism device. Focusing on sustainable tourism, marketing and innova...

Author: Janne J. Liburd 

Year: 2004 

189 Think Tank VII Thematic Analysis of Sustainable Tourism and the Tripl... file 3712 Oct 13, 2013

The relationship between the themes in sustainable tourism publications and the Triple Bottom Line (TBL) was explored in this article. A categorised list of 3719 sustainable tourism articles was thematically analysed to determine the conten...

Author: Michael Hughes & Jack Carlsen 

Year: 2007 

188 Think Tank IX Using Social and Political Values to Assess Host Commu... file 3700 Oct 13, 2013

Tourism, like any other endeavour, operates within the social and political domains of a community, and it is therefore likely that residents with different social and political values would hold different representations of tourism. In the ...

Author: Margaret Deery, Leo Jago & Liz Fredline 

Year: 2009 

187 Think Tank VIII A Framework for Work-Life Balance Practices in the Tou... file 3697 Oct 13, 2013

This paper addresses the key issues surrounding the debate over work-life balance. It provides an overview of current thinking in the general work environment, with specific focus on the issue within the tourism industry. This paper present...

Author: Margaret Deery & Leo Jago 

Year: 2008 

OPA: 2008 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

186 Think Tank V Analysing the Risk of Drowning at Surf Beaches file 3693 Oct 13, 2013

Surf beach drowning is an example of a tourist injury problem in Australia. In this paper, a process is outlined to identify and tease out the roles and relationships among causal risk factors, markers of risk, and components of risk exposur...

Author: Damian Morgan 

Year: 2005 

185 Think Tank XII Does Migration Have a Bigger Impact on VFR than Total ... file 3670 Nov 06, 2013

As an important global market by purpose of travel, visiting friends and relatives, VFR, is closely associated with the history and development of international migration patterns which are a more permanent form of travel. Further, the impor...

Author: Larry Dwyer, Neelu Seetaram, Peter Forsyth & Brian King 

Year: 2012 

184 Think Tank XI Learning for Sustainable Tourism: Small and Medium Ent... file 3668 Oct 14, 2013

This abstract intends to present QUSS – an integrated Management System for Quality, Sustainability and Safety in theory and practice. QUSS was invented by the NGO Ecocamping and is thus basically applied on camp sites in Europe with focus ...

Author: Tatjana Thimm 

Year: 2011 

183 Think Tank XVII Sustainable tourism certification in the hotel sector ... file 3633 Aug 17, 2017

This paper presents research commissioned by the African Development Bank (AfDB)’s African Natural Resources Center (ANRC), that aimed to to identify and summarise existing monitoring data being gathered by national tourism authorities and i...

Author: Anna Spenceley 

Year: 2017 

182 Think Tank XII Slow Travellers - Who Are They, and What Motivates Them? file 3613 Nov 06, 2013

Tourism’s contribution to global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is estimated to be around 5% and is forecast to grow rapidly, to around 16% of global emissions by 2020. Future strategies for mitigation must address the levels of demand for t...

Author: Derek Robbins & Jaedong Cho 

Year: 2012 

OPA: 2012 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

181 Think Tank XII Mobile Learning for Sustainable Tourism Development: T... file 3603 Nov 06, 2013

This paper examines how mobility in higher tourism education may contribute to a dynamic leaning environment capable of integrating transnational and intercultural learning for sustainable tourism development. Central to this is the opening ...

Author: Janne J. Liburd 

Year: 2012 

180 Think Tank XIX Innovation Generator. Ideas for Sustainable Tourism Pr... file 3599 Oct 23, 2019

Key words: Innovation generator, Sustainable tourism, Alps, projects, Switzerland Page: 208-213 Innovation Generator.pdf Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Norma...

Author: Fabian Weber 

Year: 2019 

179 Think Tank VIII An Assessment of Efforts to Enhance the Quality of Lif... file 3579 Oct 13, 2013

Quality of life studies are usually either objective or subjective in nature. Objective quality of life studies concentrate on social indicators whereas subjective quality of life studies attempt to assess the perceived satisfaction that in...

Author: Turgut Var, Erhan Ada, Gökce Ozdemir & Deniz Hasirci 

Year: 2008 

178 Think Tank X Re-thinking Resort Growth and Governance: An Evolution... file 3576 Oct 14, 2013

Rapid growth in resort areas, combined with environmental and market stresses, has recently created concern amongst resort decision-makers about future paths of development. Growth models have operated effectively in maintaining resort comp...

Author: Alison M. Gill & Peter W. Williams 

Year: 2010 

» Think Tank VI Family Businesses and Sustainable Tourism: the Role of... file 3548 Oct 13, 2013

Family businesses, that is, businesses owned and/or operated my members of a single family, are predominant in Western economies. This is also an important category of business within tourism hospitality, particularly in rural areas where r...

Author: Janne J. Liburd & Jack Carlsen 

Year: 2006 

176 Think Tank VI Corporate Social Responsibility and Employees in Susta... file 3529 Oct 13, 2013

The concept of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has developed significantly over the last decade and has taken on a myriad of meanings. For many companies, it is a philosophy that helps guide their actions in the external environment. E...

Author: Margaret Deery & Leo Jago 

Year: 2006 

175 Think Tank V Effects of SARS Crisis on the Economic Contribution of... file 3528 Oct 13, 2013

In a context of uncertainty over traveller security, tourism experienced two major crises in 2003- the Iraq War and SARS. While the relative impacts of a complex array of impacts on travel decisionmaking are almost impossible to dissect, thi...

Author: Larry Dwyer, Peter Forsyth & Ray Spurr 

Year: 2005