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RESOURCES


RESOURCES: PAPERS & PRESENTATIONS

Author : Diane Gaede & James Gould
School/Work Place : University of Northern Colorado, USA
Contact : diane.gaede@unco.edu
Year : 2012

For several decades the artists Christo and Jeanne-Claude have created and installed art all over the world. Their art projects are large scale, temporary, and outdoor-environment inspired, and usually involve woven fabric that is suspended or wrapped around the built or natural environment. Not everyone is enthusiastic about the installation of Christo’s art projects in their community – controversy over the question “What is art?” and ensuing emotional discussions always take place.

They have installed their environmental art in urban and rural spaces, including Sonoma and Marin Counties in California – where for their “Running Fence” project they installed a 24 mile fence of nylon silver fabric that ran from inland California farmland to the Pacific Ocean at Bodaga Bay (1976). In 2005, after 20 years of public meetings and appeals, Christo and Jean-Claude successfully unfurled the undulating saffron orange "Gates" in Central Park in New York City.

Their artwork is contentious because of environmental impact issues, particularly in the US which strictly regulates these impacts. Because of federal and state permitting processes, it is required that community input be sought. Always, both supporters and detractors speak for or against the proposed art project, and this testimony is recorded and analyzed by various permitting agencies. Affected communities always get a chance to have their say regarding the art project’s value (Johnson, 2012). Bringing the art projects to various places all over the world forces the affected local communities to have a serious discussion about what art is, and what it means in public spaces. “You are a part of this art project”, Christo repeatedly tells his local community audiences (Harmon, 2012).


List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
194 Think Tank XIV Tourism Concessions in National Parks: Neo-liberal Too... file 3414 Jun 26, 2014

For the tourism sector the government aims to “Grow the number of new business opportunities on public conservation land in order to deliver increased economic prosperity and conservation gain” (New Zealand Government, 2012: 23). In relation...

Author: Valentina Dinica 

Year: 2014 

193 Think Tank XII Enhancing Social Capital through Networking for Sustai... file 3425 Nov 06, 2013

Social capital has been recognised as a factor affecting sustainable development in every discipline. A network or a partnership is identified as a “structural” form of social capital and a tool to empower participants in the networks. There...

Author: Attama Nilnoppkun 

Year: 2012 

192 Think Tank X Agenda 21, the Internet and Globalization – Creating a... file 3429 Oct 13, 2013

This paper discusses the contemporary meeting of three large-scale systems or processes - Agenda 21, the Internet and globalization - and what this historical conjunction means for networking sustainable tourism development. It is important...

Author: Gordon Sillence & Herbert Hamele 

Year: 2010 

191 Think Tank V Managing of Public Risks in Tourism: Towards Sustainab... file 3443 Oct 13, 2013

How to manage risks that endanger development of tourism but that are caused by tourism itself? An industry-based model is presented as an analytic tool and adapted to the situation in tourism. It is argued that development of tourism lacks ...

Author: Yoram Krozer & Else Redzepovic 

Year: 2005 

190 Think Tank IX The Role of Values in Sustainable Tourism Education file 3478 Oct 13, 2013

This presentation discusses the role of values in the context of sustainable tourism education. However, it does not seek to engage in the debate about the definition of Sustainable Tourism nor the differences between this concept and Sustai...

Author: Christian Schott 

Year: 2009 

189 Think Tank VIII A Framework for Work-Life Balance Practices in the Tou... file 3499 Oct 13, 2013

This paper addresses the key issues surrounding the debate over work-life balance. It provides an overview of current thinking in the general work environment, with specific focus on the issue within the tourism industry. This paper present...

Author: Margaret Deery & Leo Jago 

Year: 2008 

OPA: 2008 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

188 Think Tank V Ecolabels and Green Globe 21: Awareness and Consumer A... file 3524 Oct 13, 2013

A case in point is New Zealand, where tourism has long been recognised as an important economic force; this is aptly illustrated by the sector’s contribution of 9.6% to the country’s GDP in 2003 (TRCNZ, 2005). The resource at the heart of mu...

Author: Christian Schott 

Year: 2005 

187 Think Tank XIV Sustainable Tourism Mobility: Recommended Strategies f... file 3536 Jun 26, 2014

Transport is a vital and integral component of the tourism system yet it contributes the most emissions in tourism (Dubois, Peeters, Ceron, & Gössling, 2011; Peeters & Dubois, 2010). In line with the global concerns for sustainabilit...

Author: Diem-Trinh Le-Klähn 

Year: 2014 

186 Think Tank VII Getting Fit to Innovate: TUI's InnOlympics file 3538 Oct 13, 2013

Tether (2003) describes innovation within service industries as having a Cinderella status - marginal and neglected. The traditional approach to thinking about innovation has been to concentrate on manufacturing and within that, the role of...

Author: Graham Miller & Caroline Scarles 

Year: 2007 

185 Think Tank XIII Building community capacity by developing regional bus... file 3553 Nov 06, 2013

Tourism is often proposed as a strategy for community development, especially in rural or remote regions where traditional industries, such as agriculture, are experiencing an economic downturn and there are limited alternative opportunities...

Author: Anna Blackman 

Year: 2013 

184 Think Tank XIV Local Networks as Sustainable Policy Instruments: A Ca... file 3590 Jun 27, 2014

In this case study, a communication network among local hotel managers was examined, first to assess the extent of communication among hotel managers, and second to identify influential members within the network. Communication with respect ...

Author: Karen Irene Thal & Tracy Burkett 

Year: 2014 

183 Think Tank IV Sustainability in a Mature Mass-Tourism Destination: T... file 3597 Oct 13, 2013

Most destinations are struggling to achieve sustainability for their economies, their environments, their cultures and their tourism industries. This laudatory, idealistic and complex process involves many sectors of the industry, the commun...

Author: Pauline Sheldon, John Knox & Kem Lowry 

Year: 2004 

182 Think Tank XII Causality Between Inbound Tourism and Economic Growth:... file 3602 Nov 06, 2013

This paper examines the existing studies of the relationship between inbound tourism and economic growth. After a brief discussion of general economic growth theory and the reasons why a positive causal relationship may exist between export ...

Author: Mondher Sahli & Simon Carey 

Year: 2012 

181 Think Tank XIV A Multi-Stakeholder Perspective on Sustainable Tourism... file 3614 Jun 26, 2014

In this study, I take up the task to work towards a theoretical and methodological framework that allows using sustainability as a threshold concept for critically evaluating the assumptions embedded in both tourism management theory and pra...

Author: José-Carlos García-Rosell 

Year: 2014 

180 Think Tank XIV Leadership at the Nexus: Exploring the Connection betw... file 3614 Jun 26, 2014

The development of sustainable and competitive tourism destinations is contingent upon many factors including the creation of inclusive policy (Pforr, 2006), the development and implementation of strategic plans (Jordan, Vogt, Kruger, and Gr...

Author: Whitney Knollenberg & Nancy Gard McGehee 

Year: 2014 

179 Think Tank XIII Tourism development led by the Third Sector - Impacts ... file 3617 Nov 06, 2013

Most tourism development is initiated and led by either the private or the public sector. These projects’ potential impacts on host communities have been explored since the 1980s, and they are now relatively well known. This is not the case ...

Author: Julia N. Albrecht & My N. D. Tran 

Year: 2013 

178 Think Tank IX The West in the East: Conflict in the Values of Volunt... file 3637 Oct 13, 2013

Consequently, the aim of this research was to explore the complexity of trying to work within a framework of sustainability, with a given number of stakeholders (in this case, a UK organisation, its customers (volunteers, primarily British) ...

Author: Angela M. Benson 

Year: 2009 

177 Think Tank VIII Resident Support for Sustainable Tourism Policies in T... file 3661 Oct 13, 2013

During the last two decades, there has been increased focus on topics related to various aspects of sustainable tourism. Believing that sustainable tourism can be a serious alternative that can remedy some of the negative impacts associated ...

Author: Ercan Sirakaya-Turk, Muzzo S. Uysal & Turgut Var 

Year: 2008 

» Think Tank XII Civic Tourism, Environmental Art and Tourism Mobility:... file 3665 Nov 06, 2013

For several decades the artists Christo and Jeanne-Claude have created and installed art all over the world. Their art projects are large scale, temporary, and outdoor-environment inspired, and usually involve woven fabric that is suspended ...

Author: Diane Gaede & James Gould 

Year: 2012 

175 Think Tank XIII Resident Perceptions of the Impacts of Tourism in Majo... file 3683 Nov 06, 2013

Despite the importance of cities and tourism flows to cities, the literature which explores the effect of tourism on host communities tends to focus on non-urban locations. As different types of tourists place different demands upon the reso...

Author: Tony Griffin & Deborah Edwards 

Year: 2013 

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