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RESOURCES: PAPERS & PRESENTATIONS

Author : Kir Kuščer & Domen Trobec
School/Work Place : University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Contact : kir.kuscer@ef.uni-lj.si
Year : 2014

The global economic and financial crisis could be seen as old news according to the UNWTO’s data on international tourist arrivals. Europe recorded a solid 5% growth in 2013, and Mediterranean countries performed even better with 6% growth in international tourist arrivals (UNWTO, 2014). However, tourism in Mediterranean countries has been fluctuating in recent years; the growth rate in international tourism arrivals was 8% in 2011 and a modest 2% in 2012 (UNWTO, 2013). Even more troubling is the fact that although the numbers of tourists are rising, their habits (both in leisure and business tourism) have changed during economic slow-down (less expenditure for different services during their stay, travelling closer to home and making reservations online and either at first or last minute (WTTC, 2011; Blanke & Chiesa, 2013; Papatheodorou, Rosselló & Xiao, 2010), which creates serious problems in the tourism industry. Many companies acquired huge debts in the boom period before the crisis (pre-2008), which has weakened them, as has lower tourism expenditure. Although tourism was not affected as much as, for example, international trade or industrial production, due to the fact that destocking did not take place, the recovery might take longer since there is no stock-building process in tourism. Governments will have to acknowledge the huge debt burden resulting from increasing taxes and cutting public spending and reduce it. Moreover, lower expenditure has led to price wars and liquidity problems, and an inability to carry out necessary investments, especially in net working capital (Smeral, 2009).

Debates within the ECB and Euro Area and among globally distinguished scholars, such as Miller and Stieglitz’s (2010) paper over asset bubbles, have revealed that the economies of European Mediterranean countries have had serious struggles due to asset bubbles and structural imbalances in their economies (revealed by the global economic and financial crisis), but they do not specify in detail the impact and nature of these and other more specific effects regarding industry subsectors (including the tourism sector and its subsectors). Tourism being one of the key sectors in Mediterranean countries (UNWTO, 2013), our purpose is to show the differences in performance within the tourism sector and give policymakers an appropriate basis for designing policy tools in order to stimulate the analysed sector. Our goal is to identify the subsectors’ specific characteristics influencing the above-average performance of these subsectors, i.e. identifying and specifying tourism subsector champions based on capital and asset structure.


List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
214 Think Tank V Effects of SARS Crisis on the Economic Contribution of... file 2977 Oct 13, 2013

In a context of uncertainty over traveller security, tourism experienced two major crises in 2003- the Iraq War and SARS. While the relative impacts of a complex array of impacts on travel decisionmaking are almost impossible to dissect, thi...

Author: Larry Dwyer, Peter Forsyth & Ray Spurr 

Year: 2005 

213 Think Tank XII Social and Economic Mobility: Expatriate Practises in ... file 3042 Nov 06, 2013

Bali has long been a tourist destination for Australian tourists and the Australian tourist market is an important one for Bali tourism. In the last two decades, increasingly Australian tourists have and are shifting their mobility practices...

Author: Gayle Jennings 

Year: 2012 

212 Think Tank XIV Hospitality of Sustainable Tourism Encounters: Experie... file 3051 Jun 26, 2014

Global tourism is, at least to some extent, based upon to the vast inequalities between wealthy and impoverished (Cole & Morgan 2010, xv). Neglecting, or actively forgetting, the legacy of colonialism and the modern forms of economic and...

Author: Emily Höckert 

Year: 2014 

211 Think Tank IX Tourism Relationship Model and Intermediary for Sustai... file 3067 Oct 13, 2013

This paper proposes a simple model that depicts the relationship between community and extra-community stakeholders that will enable the effective development of sustainable tourism. “Sustainable tourism” in this paper is defined as tourism ...

Author: Asami Shikida, Mami Yoda, Akiko Kino & Masayuki Morishige 

Year: 2009 

210 Think Tank VIII Tourism Professionals’ Attitudes towards Climate Chang... file 3069 Oct 13, 2013

This paper discusses three aspects of the interrelationship between tourism and climate change: the perception of the problems related to global warming by tourism professionals, their suggestions concerning possible actions that can be tak...

Author: Xavier Matteucci & Dagmar Lund-Durlacher 

Year: 2008 

209 Think Tank IV Mass-ski Tourism in the Dolomites and Sustainability: ... file 3072 Oct 13, 2013

The aim of this paper is to highlight the impact of mass-ski tourism on the environment in the Dolomites (Italian Alps), where in winter the principal activities are snow sports. In implementing this development model the Dolomite region has...

Author: Mariangela Franch, Umberto Martini, Pier Luigi Novi Inverardi, Federica Buffa, Pietro Marzani & Maria Della Lucia 

Year: 2004 

OPA: 2004 Runner Up 

208 Think Tank IV A Framework for the Development of Social and Socio-Ec... file 3103 Oct 13, 2013

This paper presents the background thinking to a CRC for Sustainable Tourism project that develops social and socio-economic indicators for tourism communities. The project emanates from the Green Globe 21 Standard that incorporates indicato...

Author: Margaret Deery, Leo Jago & Liz Fredline 

Year: 2004 

207 Think Tank XI Learning for Sustainable Tourism: Small and Medium Ent... file 3130 Oct 14, 2013

This abstract intends to present QUSS – an integrated Management System for Quality, Sustainability and Safety in theory and practice. QUSS was invented by the NGO Ecocamping and is thus basically applied on camp sites in Europe with focus ...

Author: Tatjana Thimm 

Year: 2011 

» Think Tank XIV Influence of Assets and Capital Structure on the Perfo... file 3142 Jun 26, 2014

The global economic and financial crisis could be seen as old news according to the UNWTO’s data on international tourist arrivals. Europe recorded a solid 5% growth in 2013, and Mediterranean countries performed even better with 6% growth i...

Author: Kir Kuščer & Domen Trobec 

Year: 2014 

205 Think Tank IV Attitudes towards Environmental Responsibility among S... file 3143 Oct 13, 2013

The first step in creating a more environmentally sound hotel industry should be a performance analysis of the hotel sector from an environmental perspective. An assessment measuring the level of environmental awareness among hoteliers and t...

Author: Paulina Bohdanowicz, Vlasta Zanki-Alujevic & Ivo Martinac 

Year: 2004 

204 Think Tank VI Service Learning in Tourism Educational Programs – A S... file 3174 Oct 13, 2013

A problem in developing new tourism markets remains how to resource them from an existing employment base. Key questions arising are: Do current tourism enterprises have the existing skills to move into these new markets for sustainable tour...

Author: Susan Anita Briggs 

Year: 2006 

203 Think Tank IV Cultural Tourism as a Means for Sustainability in a Ma... file 3181 Oct 13, 2013

Tourism has become for many islands a means of social, economic and cultural development through the creation of jobs, raising standards of living and through the development of local resources for culture and heritage. Thus, many of these d...

Author: Chryso Panayidou 

Year: 2004 

202 Think Tank V Analysing the Risk of Drowning at Surf Beaches file 3184 Oct 13, 2013

Surf beach drowning is an example of a tourist injury problem in Australia. In this paper, a process is outlined to identify and tease out the roles and relationships among causal risk factors, markers of risk, and components of risk exposur...

Author: Damian Morgan 

Year: 2005 

201 OPA award Active community participation in nature conservation ... file 3220 Jul 27, 2015

This paper provides a conceptual framework of community- based nature conservation and tourism (CBC-T). The following themes are guiding discussions in this study, i.e.: land rights of local communities in and around protected areas; communi...

Author: Jones Muzirambi & Kevin Mearns 

Year: 2015 

OPA: 2015 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

200 Think Tank XIV Residents' Support for Tourism from the Standpoint of ... file 3232 Jun 26, 2014

Therefore, being of a different nature than sustainability pillars, political sustainability (Mihalic et al., 2012) is a requirement for sustainable tourism development (Edgell, DelMastro Allen, Smith & Swanson, 2008; UNWTO, 2004). This ...

Author: Tanja Mihalič, Tina Šegota, Ljubica Knežević Cvelbar, Kir Kuščer 

Year: 2014 

199 Think Tank XII Understanding Tourism Flows and Patterns: A Case Study... file 3240 Nov 06, 2013

This paper reports on the outcomes of two collaborative research projects, conducted in conjunction with destination management authorities. The projects used GPS tracking devices to find out how various kinds of visitors moved around two Au...

Author: Deborah Edwards & Tony Griffin 

Year: 2012 

198 Think Tank XII Mobile Learning for Sustainable Tourism Development: T... file 3248 Nov 06, 2013

This paper examines how mobility in higher tourism education may contribute to a dynamic leaning environment capable of integrating transnational and intercultural learning for sustainable tourism development. Central to this is the opening ...

Author: Janne J. Liburd 

Year: 2012 

197 Think Tank IX The West in the East: Conflict in the Values of Volunt... file 3272 Oct 13, 2013

Consequently, the aim of this research was to explore the complexity of trying to work within a framework of sustainability, with a given number of stakeholders (in this case, a UK organisation, its customers (volunteers, primarily British) ...

Author: Angela M. Benson 

Year: 2009 

196 Think Tank IV Possibilities for Sustainable Tourism Management in Ac... file 3278 Oct 13, 2013

Sustainability is an inevitable concept in tourism which heavily depends on natural resources and environment with its products and services. Here prevention and controlling water, air and noise pollution, habitat degradation is more importa...

Author: Meryem Atik, Türker Altan & A. Akin Aksu 

Year: 2004 

195 Think Tank VI Family Businesses and Sustainable Tourism: the Role of... file 3282 Oct 13, 2013

Family businesses, that is, businesses owned and/or operated my members of a single family, are predominant in Western economies. This is also an important category of business within tourism hospitality, particularly in rural areas where r...

Author: Janne J. Liburd & Jack Carlsen 

Year: 2006 

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