Author : Anna Hübner & Truong Si Hong Chau
School/Work Place : GIZ PNKB Region Project, Viet Nam
Contact :
Year : 2013

The management of protected areas has to deal with a wide range of challenges, amongst these, a growing array of social, political and economic expectations. In this regard, protected areas are increasingly expected to particularly serve as a natural income resource from recreational and touristic activities. While tourism is often considered a viable option for generating income which benefits the conservation of a protected area, there are many cases in which insufficient and intransparent planning hinder sustainable development, thereby reducing local benefit sharing and, ultimately, nature conservation.

Community-based tourism (CbT), which most often combines eco-touristic activities in rural areas, has often been described to foster conservation and to mitigate negative impacts of local communities living in or close to protected areas. Yet, such idealistic approaches have often neglected intra- and inter-community relationships and differences as well as local political environments which take a significant impact on the long-term viability of CbT concepts.

Based on the case study of the Phong Nha - Ke Bang National Park Region, this presentation focuses on an analysis of the integration of local ethnic communities into park and buffer zone planning. Based on pre-determined understandings prevailing about ethnic minority groups or rural populations in the stakeholder environment, this is then taken as a starting point for discussing potential challenges and opportunities deriving for development of CbT in the northern Park Region, with particular focus on reducing illegal use of natural resources as well as on socio-economic development.

List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
234 Think Tank XII Civic Tourism, Environmental Art and Tourism Mobility:... file 4275 Nov 06, 2013

For several decades the artists Christo and Jeanne-Claude have created and installed art all over the world. Their art projects are large scale, temporary, and outdoor-environment inspired, and usually involve woven fabric that is suspended ...

Author: Diane Gaede & James Gould 

Year: 2012 

233 Think Tank VII Envisioning Sustainable Tourism Futures: An Evaluation... file 4272 Oct 13, 2013

Methods for researching the future have grown both in variety and rigour, offering new opportunities for understanding sustainable tourism. This paper discusses the value of futures research as a tool for envisioning and planning sustainable...

Author: Pierre Benckendorff 

Year: 2007 

OPA: 2007 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

232 Think Tank XIII Resident Perceptions of the Impacts of Tourism in Majo... file 4265 Nov 06, 2013

Despite the importance of cities and tourism flows to cities, the literature which explores the effect of tourism on host communities tends to focus on non-urban locations. As different types of tourists place different demands upon the reso...

Author: Tony Griffin & Deborah Edwards 

Year: 2013 

231 Think Tank VII Rural Adventure Tourism and Social Entrepreneurship file 4224 Oct 13, 2013

The intent of this research is to provide a comparative analysis of several innovative social entrepreneurial businesses operating within the realm of rural adventure tourism. This qualitative, case-based research explores six companies, wh...

Author: Christina Heyniger & Kristin Lamoureaux 

Year: 2007 

230 Think Tank IV Possibilities for Sustainable Tourism Management in Ac... file 4193 Oct 13, 2013

Sustainability is an inevitable concept in tourism which heavily depends on natural resources and environment with its products and services. Here prevention and controlling water, air and noise pollution, habitat degradation is more importa...

Author: Meryem Atik, Türker Altan & A. Akin Aksu 

Year: 2004 

229 Think Tank XIII Local Residents' Involvement in Rural Tourism: The Cas... file 4163 Nov 06, 2013

Community involvement is regarded as a significant factor for the development of rural tourism. In Malaysia, cooperatives are used as a catalyst to achieve community development through community involvement. This paper focuses on the involv...

Author: Uma Thevi Munikrishnan, Sushila Devi Rajaratnam, Paolo Mura & Vikneswaran Nair 

Year: 2013 

228 Think Tank XIV Exploring the Relationship between General Environment... file 4147 Jun 26, 2014

These challenges raise the questions of how to determine who is environmentally friendly, i.e. who is potentially part of this group acknowledging the range and diversity in environmental behaviours and their uptake. An alternative approach ...

Author: Anja Hergesell 

Year: 2014 

227 Think Tank IX Sustainable Tourism Principles Reflected in Award-Winn... file 4111 Oct 13, 2013

There has been increased attention given to sustainable tourism monitoring and evaluation efforts, including corporate policies, guidelines and codes of conduct as well as certification programs (e.g., Dodds and Joppe 2005; Font and Harris ...

Author: Stuart Levy & Donald Hawkins 

Year: 2009 

226 Think Tank IX The West in the East: Conflict in the Values of Volunt... file 4087 Oct 13, 2013

Consequently, the aim of this research was to explore the complexity of trying to work within a framework of sustainability, with a given number of stakeholders (in this case, a UK organisation, its customers (volunteers, primarily British) ...

Author: Angela M. Benson 

Year: 2009 

225 Think Tank VII Getting Fit to Innovate: TUI's InnOlympics file 4083 Oct 13, 2013

Tether (2003) describes innovation within service industries as having a Cinderella status - marginal and neglected. The traditional approach to thinking about innovation has been to concentrate on manufacturing and within that, the role of...

Author: Graham Miller & Caroline Scarles 

Year: 2007 

224 Think Tank IV Sustainability and Mass Destinations: Challenges and P... file 4063 Oct 13, 2013

In year 2001, the Government of the Balearic Islands decided to establish a tourism tax, named "ecotax", as an important measure to achieve a more sustainable tourism model for the islands. This paper analyses the background of the ecotax, t...

Author: Antoni Serra Cantallops 

Year: 2004 

223 Think Tank IV Sustainability in a Mature Mass-Tourism Destination: T... file 4019 Oct 13, 2013

Most destinations are struggling to achieve sustainability for their economies, their environments, their cultures and their tourism industries. This laudatory, idealistic and complex process involves many sectors of the industry, the commun...

Author: Pauline Sheldon, John Knox & Kem Lowry 

Year: 2004 

222 Think Tank XV Environmental beliefs and feelings toward nature among... file 3983 Jul 27, 2015

Tourists are often depicted as irresponsible consumers, with mass tourism being linked to extensive consumerism in society (Sharpley, 2012; Singh, 2012)and tourists as consumers are part of the “culture-ideology of consumerism” (Higgins-Desb...

Author: Elizabeth Ann Kruger 

Year: 2015 

221 Think Tank XIII Assessing Community Quality of Life in the Context of ... file 3974 Nov 06, 2013

One of major purposes of tourism development in a destination is to improve the quality of life (QOL) of host community. In the tourism literature, resident QOL has been discussed in the research of resident attitudes toward tourism. However...

Author: Chia-Pin Simo Yu, Shu Tian Cole & H. Charles Chancellor 

Year: 2013 

220 Think Tank XIV Tourism Concessions in National Parks: Neo-liberal Too... file 3964 Jun 26, 2014

For the tourism sector the government aims to “Grow the number of new business opportunities on public conservation land in order to deliver increased economic prosperity and conservation gain” (New Zealand Government, 2012: 23). In relation...

Author: Valentina Dinica 

Year: 2014 

219 Think Tank X The Role of Knowledge-based Networks in Sustainable To... file 3949 Oct 14, 2013

In practice, tourism organisations tend to be more serious towards their financial viability and therefore undermine long-term socio-cultural and environmental consequences. In so doing they impede their own ability and that of the destinat...

Author: Ehsan Ahmed & Larry Dwyer 

Year: 2010 

218 Think Tank XIV Local Networks as Sustainable Policy Instruments: A Ca... file 3934 Jun 27, 2014

In this case study, a communication network among local hotel managers was examined, first to assess the extent of communication among hotel managers, and second to identify influential members within the network. Communication with respect ...

Author: Karen Irene Thal & Tracy Burkett 

Year: 2014 

217 Think Tank XIII Tourism development led by the Third Sector - Impacts ... file 3916 Nov 06, 2013

Most tourism development is initiated and led by either the private or the public sector. These projects’ potential impacts on host communities have been explored since the 1980s, and they are now relatively well known. This is not the case ...

Author: Julia N. Albrecht & My N. D. Tran 

Year: 2013 

216 Think Tank IV Cultural Tourism as a Means for Sustainability in a Ma... file 3865 Oct 13, 2013

Tourism has become for many islands a means of social, economic and cultural development through the creation of jobs, raising standards of living and through the development of local resources for culture and heritage. Thus, many of these d...

Author: Chryso Panayidou 

Year: 2004 

215 Think Tank IX The Role of Values in Sustainable Tourism Education file 3844 Oct 13, 2013

This presentation discusses the role of values in the context of sustainable tourism education. However, it does not seek to engage in the debate about the definition of Sustainable Tourism nor the differences between this concept and Sustai...

Author: Christian Schott 

Year: 2009