Author : Anna Hübner & Truong Si Hong Chau
School/Work Place : GIZ PNKB Region Project, Viet Nam
Contact :
Year : 2013

The management of protected areas has to deal with a wide range of challenges, amongst these, a growing array of social, political and economic expectations. In this regard, protected areas are increasingly expected to particularly serve as a natural income resource from recreational and touristic activities. While tourism is often considered a viable option for generating income which benefits the conservation of a protected area, there are many cases in which insufficient and intransparent planning hinder sustainable development, thereby reducing local benefit sharing and, ultimately, nature conservation.

Community-based tourism (CbT), which most often combines eco-touristic activities in rural areas, has often been described to foster conservation and to mitigate negative impacts of local communities living in or close to protected areas. Yet, such idealistic approaches have often neglected intra- and inter-community relationships and differences as well as local political environments which take a significant impact on the long-term viability of CbT concepts.

Based on the case study of the Phong Nha - Ke Bang National Park Region, this presentation focuses on an analysis of the integration of local ethnic communities into park and buffer zone planning. Based on pre-determined understandings prevailing about ethnic minority groups or rural populations in the stakeholder environment, this is then taken as a starting point for discussing potential challenges and opportunities deriving for development of CbT in the northern Park Region, with particular focus on reducing illegal use of natural resources as well as on socio-economic development.

List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
234 Think Tank X Establishing a Network of European Rural Villages for ... file 4950 Oct 13, 2013

The paper deals with the research activity carried out by the Authors in the context of the European Project “Listen to the Voice of Villages”. The focus is on the governance asset and tools able to enhance sustainable tourism development i...

Author: Mariangela Franch, Umberto Martini, Federica Buffa & Fabio Sacco 

Year: 2010 

233 Think Tank VIII Linking Tourist Satisfaction to Happiness and Quality ... file 4945 Oct 13, 2013

Dominant tourist satisfaction measures, typically tied to service quality, have recently received much criticism by senior tourism academics (Ryan, 1995; Kozak, 2001; Pearce, 2005). These prominent tourism scholars commonly refer to very sim...

Author: Sebastian Filep 

Year: 2008 

232 Think Tank XIV Tourism Concessions in National Parks: Neo-liberal Too... file 4922 Jun 26, 2014

For the tourism sector the government aims to “Grow the number of new business opportunities on public conservation land in order to deliver increased economic prosperity and conservation gain” (New Zealand Government, 2012: 23). In relation...

Author: Valentina Dinica 

Year: 2014 

231 Think Tank XIII Regional Collaboration as the Conduit for Sustainable ... file 4908 Nov 06, 2013

Sustaining rural America is one of today's pressing issues. With the decline of family operated farms and the move away from traditional extraction industries, word about the benefits of developing tourism in rural communities and regions is...

Author: Paige P. Schneider, Cynthia S. Deale & Svitlana Iarmolenko 

Year: 2013 

230 Think Tank XII Sustainable Mobilities Beyond the Report: Covert Susta... file 4906 Nov 06, 2013

The concept of sustainable development has become a mainstream idea in the governance and management of travel and tourism. Over the past two decades it has attracted considerable attention and debate. While the principles of sustainable dev...

Author: Tim Coles, Emily Fenclova & Claire Dinan 

Year: 2012 

229 Think Tank VII Web 2.0, Tourist Activated Networks and Sustainability... file 4895 Oct 13, 2013

With the emergence of Web 2.0, the Internet has begun to realize its potential in supporting the tourism experience. This presentation will first identify a number of applications within Web 2.0 that are visitor oriented - from Expedia and T...

Author: Daniel Fesenmaier 

Year: 2007 

228 Think Tank VIII Integrating Sustainability into Tourism Education and ... file 4892 Oct 13, 2013

The focus of this paper is to provide an overview of the current sustainability content in Irish tourism programmes and the identification of key trends in this regard. It is based on extensive research of secondary and tertiary education s...

Author: Jane Stacey, Sheila Flanagan, Kevin Griffin & Anna Tottle 

Year: 2008 

227 Think Tank VII Rural Adventure Tourism and Social Entrepreneurship file 4883 Oct 13, 2013

The intent of this research is to provide a comparative analysis of several innovative social entrepreneurial businesses operating within the realm of rural adventure tourism. This qualitative, case-based research explores six companies, wh...

Author: Christina Heyniger & Kristin Lamoureaux 

Year: 2007 

226 Think Tank XIII Resident Perceptions of the Impacts of Tourism in Majo... file 4834 Nov 06, 2013

Despite the importance of cities and tourism flows to cities, the literature which explores the effect of tourism on host communities tends to focus on non-urban locations. As different types of tourists place different demands upon the reso...

Author: Tony Griffin & Deborah Edwards 

Year: 2013 

225 Think Tank XII Civic Tourism, Environmental Art and Tourism Mobility:... file 4776 Nov 06, 2013

For several decades the artists Christo and Jeanne-Claude have created and installed art all over the world. Their art projects are large scale, temporary, and outdoor-environment inspired, and usually involve woven fabric that is suspended ...

Author: Diane Gaede & James Gould 

Year: 2012 

224 Think Tank XIV Heritage Trails through Dolenjska and Bela krajina in ... file 4756 Jun 26, 2014

One of the beneficial methodologies for growing and developing a level of tourism which is sustainable and enhances the totality of local and regional environments is a multi-stakeholder approach to tourism development. In this paper, we pre...

Author: Marko Koscak 

Year: 2014 

223 Think Tank IV Sustainability in a Mature Mass-Tourism Destination: T... file 4751 Oct 13, 2013

Most destinations are struggling to achieve sustainability for their economies, their environments, their cultures and their tourism industries. This laudatory, idealistic and complex process involves many sectors of the industry, the commun...

Author: Pauline Sheldon, John Knox & Kem Lowry 

Year: 2004 

222 Think Tank VII Getting Fit to Innovate: TUI's InnOlympics file 4729 Oct 13, 2013

Tether (2003) describes innovation within service industries as having a Cinderella status - marginal and neglected. The traditional approach to thinking about innovation has been to concentrate on manufacturing and within that, the role of...

Author: Graham Miller & Caroline Scarles 

Year: 2007 

221 OPA award A Framework for Work-Life Balance Practices in the Tou... file 4704 Oct 13, 2013

This paper addresses the key issues surrounding the debate over work-life balance. It provides an overview of current thinking in the general work environment, with specific focus on the issue within the tourism industry. This paper present...

Author: Margaret Deery & Leo Jago 

Year: 2008 

OPA: 2008 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

220 Think Tank IV Possibilities for Sustainable Tourism Management in Ac... file 4683 Oct 13, 2013

Sustainability is an inevitable concept in tourism which heavily depends on natural resources and environment with its products and services. Here prevention and controlling water, air and noise pollution, habitat degradation is more importa...

Author: Meryem Atik, Türker Altan & A. Akin Aksu 

Year: 2004 

219 Think Tank VI Authenticity in Cultural Heritage Tourism as a means t... file 4645 Oct 13, 2013

This work aims through a clarification of philosophical assumptions to define authenticity in a dialogical perspective on the premise that there is a linkage between authenticity and sustainability. This paper will to discuss the development...

Author: Bente Bramming 

Year: 2006 

218 Think Tank VII Envisioning Sustainable Tourism Futures: An Evaluation... file 4608 Oct 13, 2013

Methods for researching the future have grown both in variety and rigour, offering new opportunities for understanding sustainable tourism. This paper discusses the value of futures research as a tool for envisioning and planning sustainable...

Author: Pierre Benckendorff 

Year: 2007 

OPA: 2007 Outstanding Paper Award Winner 

217 Think Tank XIII Local Residents' Involvement in Rural Tourism: The Cas... file 4600 Nov 06, 2013

Community involvement is regarded as a significant factor for the development of rural tourism. In Malaysia, cooperatives are used as a catalyst to achieve community development through community involvement. This paper focuses on the involv...

Author: Uma Thevi Munikrishnan, Sushila Devi Rajaratnam, Paolo Mura & Vikneswaran Nair 

Year: 2013 

216 Think Tank IV Sustainability and Mass Destinations: Challenges and P... file 4591 Oct 13, 2013

In year 2001, the Government of the Balearic Islands decided to establish a tourism tax, named "ecotax", as an important measure to achieve a more sustainable tourism model for the islands. This paper analyses the background of the ecotax, t...

Author: Antoni Serra Cantallops 

Year: 2004 

215 Think Tank XII Social and Economic Mobility: Expatriate Practises in ... file 4567 Nov 06, 2013

Bali has long been a tourist destination for Australian tourists and the Australian tourist market is an important one for Bali tourism. In the last two decades, increasingly Australian tourists have and are shifting their mobility practices...

Author: Gayle Jennings 

Year: 2012