Author : Zilmiyah Kamble & Frederic Bouchon
School/Work Place : Taylor's University, Malaysia
Contact :
Year : 2013

Tourism is considered to have the potential to generate foreign exchange revenue, create jobs for all levels, support handicraft and export industries, promote art and subsidise the development of transportation infrastructure; as it’s a vector of development, governments try to coordinate planning with national development and objectives (Richter & Richter, 1985). In the case of Sri Lanka, a developing country under reconstruction following a long and destructive civil war, tourism has also been perceived as a tool for post-war reconstruction and reconciliation. Thus, a blueprint document; the ‘Sri Lankan Tourism Development Strategy 2011 – 2016’, which is a five year master plan, whose objectives are to distribute national economic benefits through tourism to economic development and national social cohesion, was published. Can it really be a bridge for reconstruction? This conceptual paper aims to assess the tourism reality in post war Sri Lanka in the light of the blueprint document. It will review the policy with regards to; firstly public or private tourism development, secondly domestic or international tourism, thirdly special interest or mass tourism and fourthly tourism supply or resources focusing on the distribution of benefits. The paper concludes summarising the key points identified for reviews in the government tourism development strategy. It contributes to the literature on Sri Lankan tourism development post war, notably to review the official five year plan blueprint in its recognition. The discussions in the paper help to build a body of knowledge on understanding tourism policy in the context of national reconstruction and social cohesion.

List of Articles
No. Subject Views Datesort
22 Think Tank XIII Conceptualising a Framework to Analyse the Factors Inf... file 18809 Nov 06, 2013

As the tourism industry continues to grow globally, sustainable tourism development has drawn interests among researchers, practitioners, governments and stakeholders. There are several studies on the local residents’ support for tourism, lo...

Author: Samuel Folorunso Adeyinka-Ojo, Catheryn Khoo-Lattimore & Vikneswaran Nair 

Year: 2013 

21 Think Tank XIII Tourism development led by the Third Sector - Impacts ... file 3958 Nov 06, 2013

Most tourism development is initiated and led by either the private or the public sector. These projects’ potential impacts on host communities have been explored since the 1980s, and they are now relatively well known. This is not the case ...

Author: Julia N. Albrecht & My N. D. Tran 

Year: 2013 

20 Think Tank XIII Building community capacity by developing regional bus... file 4903 Nov 06, 2013

Tourism is often proposed as a strategy for community development, especially in rural or remote regions where traditional industries, such as agriculture, are experiencing an economic downturn and there are limited alternative opportunities...

Author: Anna Blackman 

Year: 2013 

19 Think Tank XIII Linking tourism with Sustainable Development in Post-R... file 2818 Nov 06, 2013

This paper examines relationships between tourism and sustainable development via a case study that took place in Egypt from September 2011 to March 2012. The study, hosted by the Planeterra Foundation and G Adventures travel and conducted t...

Author: Laura Carroll 

Year: 2013 

18 Think Tank XIII Tourism investment and sustainable development: A comp... file 15058 Nov 06, 2013

Despite the growing importance of foreign direct investment (FDI) for tourism in developing countries and its perceived importance for stimulating sustainable development, few empirical studies have examined its impact. This paper explored t...

Author: Lee Davidson & Mondher Sahli 

Year: 2013 

17 Think Tank XIII The Paradox of poverty amidst the plenty of nature: co... file 6210 Nov 06, 2013

Rural communities in South Africa have not been active stakeholders in tourism development. Community awareness and involvement in the preservation of natural and cultural heritage through sustainable tourism development in selected areas ad...

Author: Felicité A. Fairer-Wessels 

Year: 2013 

16 Think Tank XIII Resident Perceptions of the Impacts of Tourism in Majo... file 4355 Nov 06, 2013

Despite the importance of cities and tourism flows to cities, the literature which explores the effect of tourism on host communities tends to focus on non-urban locations. As different types of tourists place different demands upon the reso...

Author: Tony Griffin & Deborah Edwards 

Year: 2013 

15 Think Tank XIII The Politics of Community-Based Tourism Planning in th... file 3162 Nov 06, 2013

The management of protected areas has to deal with a wide range of challenges, amongst these, a growing array of social, political and economic expectations. In this regard, protected areas are increasingly expected to particularly serve as ...

Author: Anna Hübner & Truong Si Hong Chau 

Year: 2013 

» Think Tank XIII Sri Lanka, Tourism for a Brighter Future? A Review of ... file 27532 Nov 06, 2013

Tourism is considered to have the potential to generate foreign exchange revenue, create jobs for all levels, support handicraft and export industries, promote art and subsidise the development of transportation infrastructure; as it’s a vec...

Author: Zilmiyah Kamble & Frederic Bouchon 

Year: 2013 

13 Think Tank XIII Measuring Tourism: Developing a Regional Level Framewo... file 6061 Nov 06, 2013

In the field of tourism impacts research it is often assumed that certain characteristics of tourism are related to the nature and extent of tourism impacts on the destination’s community well-being. However, a standard set of measures for t...

Author: Elena Konovalov, Laurie Murphy & Gianna Moscardo 

Year: 2013 

12 Think Tank XIII Assessing the Impact of Rural Tourism Development on t... file 6449 Nov 06, 2013

Past literature has posited that tourism is one of the fastest growing sectors and has been signified as an attractive investment proposition. Rural tourism sector has been actively promoted by the Malaysian government and currently, it is c...

Author: May-Chiun Lo, Vikneswaran Nair, Peter Songan & Helen Lee HuiHui 

Year: 2013 

11 Think Tank XIII Using Tourism to Build Social Capital in Communities: ... file 13054 Nov 06, 2013

Despite considerable discussion about how tourism could or should contribute to sustainable destination development, there is little evidence that the practice of tourism planning or development has altered in any significant way in the last...

Author: Gianna Moscardo, Andrea Schurmann, Elena Konovalov & Nancy G. McGehee 

Year: 2013 

10 Think Tank XIII Local Residents' Involvement in Rural Tourism: The Cas... file 4302 Nov 06, 2013

Community involvement is regarded as a significant factor for the development of rural tourism. In Malaysia, cooperatives are used as a catalyst to achieve community development through community involvement. This paper focuses on the involv...

Author: Uma Thevi Munikrishnan, Sushila Devi Rajaratnam, Paolo Mura & Vikneswaran Nair 

Year: 2013 

9 Think Tank XIII Exploring the Relationship between Cultural Capital in... file 6374 Nov 06, 2013

There is substantial literature on the impacts of tourism on culture, both positive and negative, however, there are relatively few articles that explore the relationship between cultural capital and sustainable tourism. This paper will repo...

Author: Laurie Murphy & Andrea Schurmann 

Year: 2013 

8 Think Tank XIII Visitors' and Residents' Perception of Tourism Impact ... file 19698 Nov 06, 2013

Tourism is one of the leading contributors to service industry in Malaysia and is gradually growing. The growth of this industry brings impact towards the environment, specifically the water quality of islands. This study views into the visi...

Author: Murugadas Ramdas & Badaruddin Mohamed 

Year: 2013 

7 Think Tank XIII Regional Collaboration as the Conduit for Sustainable ... file 4714 Nov 06, 2013

Sustaining rural America is one of today's pressing issues. With the decline of family operated farms and the move away from traditional extraction industries, word about the benefits of developing tourism in rural communities and regions is...

Author: Paige P. Schneider, Cynthia S. Deale & Svitlana Iarmolenko 

Year: 2013 

6 Think Tank XIII City Slicker to Roo Carer: The Journey of a Wildlife V... file 3767 Nov 06, 2013

The level of interest and participation in voluntourism has progressively become a major sector in contemporary tourism. The notion of combining a novel and pleasurable tourism experience with the fulfillment of contributing a worthwhile cau...

Author: Eunice Tan 

Year: 2013 

5 Think Tank XIII Sustainable Tourism in Kerala - Chances for Local Comm... file 8937 Nov 06, 2013

The Indian state Kerala is positioned by Kerala Tourism as a sustainable tourism destination for domestic and foreign markets (cf. Jean-Francois 2011). Indeed sustainable tourism projects take place and are conducted either by NGOs like Kaba...

Author: Tatjana Thimm 

Year: 2013 

4 Think Tank XIII Modeling the Index Components of Tourist Satisfaction ... file 4961 Nov 06, 2013

Destination performance evaluation has become an increasingly important task for effective destination management and sustainable destination development. However, it is a complex task due to the inclusion of diverse subsectors, business com...

Author: Toney K. Thomas 

Year: 2013 

3 Think Tank XIII Striving for Environmental Sustainability through Soci... file 5719 Nov 06, 2013

The question how native societies cope with the increasing pressure of global values, such as sustainability, westernization and democratic institutions has been asked in the last decades (Smith, 1989; Honey, 1999; Nash, 2001; Honey, 2008). ...

Author: Peter Varga 

Year: 2013