Resources

RESOURCES


RESOURCES: PAPERS & PRESENTATIONS

Author : Candice Hunter & Kevin Mearns
School/Work Place : University of South Africa
Contact : mearnkf@unisa.ac.za
Year : 2016
The world is changing into a place where broader spectra of responsibilities are now being embraced. A significant realisation has grown throughout the world that the Earth’s natural resources are scarce. Industrialisation and economic growth has provided worldwide prosperity. The increasing evidence of negative impacts caused by climate change has given rise to persistent environmental concerns, particularly caused by the global reliance on fossil fuels and limited energy and water supplies (Gummer & Goldsmith, 2007). There is vast evidence of devastating effects that humans have had on the environment (Schmidt-Traub& Sears, 2005). Economic development has also resulted in both positive (emergence of middle classes, better water and electricity supply, better transport systems and education) and negative social impacts around the world (high levels of poverty, youth unemployment, shortages of housing and other social resources). Protests against these negative social issues have encouraged institutional and corporate efforts to address environmental and social concerns, resulting in more organised interventions and incentives for people, companies and governments to change their behaviours and actions that are creating negative social and environmental effects. However, there is still a continuing need to address the environmental and social changes as humans are dependent upon the natural environment and its resources to achieve human development goals. All the environmental and social problems will have a direct effect on every human being around the world unless steps are taken to mitigate and reverse negative environment impacts. It is unsustainable to continue to ‘practice as normal’ focussing only on economic gains. It is crucial to look after the environment and society through changes in behaviours, practices and activities. “Sustainable development had a profound influence on the way people now perceive themselves as an integrated part of the environment: people are increasingly aware that their activities have a significant impact on the environment (Mearns, 2012: 7851).” A strong call for the implementation of sustainable development and triple bottom line reporting has been made. A new focus on companies’ environmental and social impacts have grown in the corporate world. Corporate impropriety resulted in calls for corporate transparency and accountability, which has led to the rising demand for corporate social responsibility, sustainability reporting and sustainable development (Freemantle, 2005; Erlandsson & Olinder, 2009).  The triple bottom line, was enforced within the corporate world through several avenues. An influential aspect that has practically forced companies to implement the triple bottom line reporting in South Africa is the development of the King Code III on corporate governance. According to the code, all JSE listed companies are required to comply with the latest King code, incorporating sustainable development into their business practices (King Committee on Governance, 2009). With the pressure placed on companies to enforce the triple bottom line within their business practices, this has challenged companies to create a balance of economic, social and environmental priorities.  As a consequence to implementation of sustainability practices, sustainability reporting has become an important phenomenon amongst corporations. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a focus on corporate governance, especially with regard to sustainable development and sustainability reporting, also known as triple bottom line reporting (Aras & Crowther, 2008). This has had an influence on business activities and the way in which businesses report their activities.

List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
414 Think Tank XVI Empowering communities and enabling conservation: Revi... file 149 Jul 01, 2016

The Africa Foundation a non-profit organization was founded in 1992 when Conservation Corporation Africa (since renamed and rebranded to &Beyond) was founded in South Africa. A central principle of the Conservation Corporation, safari l...

Author: Kevin Mearns 

Year: 2016 

413 Think Tank XVI The moderating role of values in planned behaviour: th... file 151 Jul 02, 2016

In the past five years, we (a group of researchers from the Leeds Becket University and the Open University of Catalonia) have been working on different studies about the CSR motivations, barriers and practices in tourism small and medium e...

Author: Lluís Garay, Xavier Font & August Francesc Corrons 

Year: 2016 

412 Think Tank XVI Examining Corporate Social Responsibility in Tourism: ... file 152 Jul 01, 2016

One of the biggest challenges facing the tourism industry and policy makers is the emerging and fast growing ‘sharing economy’. Keeping abreast of this, disruptive but potentially transformative phenomenon has been challenging for industry,...

Author: Stephen Wearing & Kevin Lyons 

Year: 2016 

411 Think Tank XVI Analysing CSR Practices in Food Operations: A case stu... file 164 Jul 01, 2016

Food consumption is seen by most tourists as an important part of their holiday and tourism often takes place in ecologically, socially and culturally sensitive destinations. Through food consumption, it is not only possible to support heal...

Author: Dagmar Lund-Durlacher, Hannes Antonschmidt & Klaus-Peter Fritz 

Year: 2016 

410 Think Tank XVII Responsible tourism and innovation practices by touris... file 164 Aug 17, 2017

Responsible tourism incorporates economic, environmental and social imperatives in accordance with ‘sustainable tourism’ notions (Booyens & Rogerson, 2016a). This research argues that tourism firms need to innovate in order to be economi...

Author: Irma Booyens and Christian M. Rogerson 

Year: 2017 

409 Think Tank XVI A study of innovation in the making CARMACAL and the D... file 165 Jul 02, 2016

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Author: Harald Buijtendijk, Jorine Vermeer & Juultje Blom 

Year: 2016 

» Think Tank XVI Assessing the sustainability reporting of a JSE compan... file 166 Jul 01, 2016

The world is changing into a place where broader spectra of responsibilities are now being embraced. A significant realisation has grown throughout the world that the Earth’s natural resources are scarce. Industrialisation and economic grow...

Author: Candice Hunter & Kevin Mearns 

Year: 2016 

407 Think Tank XVI Can Tourism Businesses Foster Better Inclusion for Peo... file 170 Jul 02, 2016

It is difficult to deny that despite its increased popularity, the concept of social entrepreneurship has not received a clearer understanding in a theoretical context. Zahra, Gedajlovic, Neubaum, and Shulman (2009) list 20 definitions of s...

Author: Kristof Tomej 

Year: 2016 

406 Think Tank XVI Influencing sustainability through engagement in polic... file 172 Jul 01, 2016

The ability of businesses to influence the sustainability of tourism development is generally examined from two standpoints: the regulatory frameworks requiring particular actions with respect to how business is carried out, or to clients; ...

Author: Valentina Dinica 

Year: 2016 

405 Think Tank XVI Volunteering and donations for biodiversity conservati... file 173 Jul 01, 2016

In 2010, the newly elected government of New Zealand, of neo-liberal orientation, has adopted its Business Growth Agenda. This has been implemented through a series of legal, policy and organizational changes, affecting the governance of th...

Author: Valentina Dinica 

Year: 2016 

404 Think Tank XVII Finding and Fostering Our Future Tourism Leaders: Unde... file 176 Aug 17, 2017

The hospitality and tourism industry is facing a serious skilled manpower shortage globally, and the best way to meet the manpower needs of the industry is through training and education. The shortage of skilled talent is a global issue in t...

Author: Grace K.S. Ho & Rob Law 

Year: 2017 

403 Think Tank XVI Certification for Sustainable Tourism in Germany – Ove... file 178 Jul 02, 2016

Certification schemes for sustainable tourism can be seen as a key voluntary instrument to measure, verify and communicate the CSR management and performance of tourism businesses. Today a large number of such schemes can be found around th...

Author: Wolfgang Strasdas 

Year: 2016 

402 Think Tank XVI Spirituality and corporate social responsibility in to... file 179 Jul 01, 2016

This ongoing study investigates the role of spirituality for corporate social responsibility (CSR) by tourism businesses in lesser developed countries and the implications this has at the destination level. While much of the world’s tourism...

Author: Alexandra Law, Putu Indah Rahmawati & Terry De Lacy 

Year: 2016 

401 Think Tank XVII Investigating the relationship between FDI and Tourism... file 182 Aug 17, 2017

This paper employs a dynamic time series econometrics framework, namely a vector error correction model (VECM), to investigate the link between foreign direct investment (FDI) and tourist arrivals in Mauritius for the period 1980-2015. The r...

Author: Sheereen Fauzel, & Boopen Seetanah 

Year: 2017 

400 Think Tank XVI In Search of a New Mindset to Underpin Tourism Develop... file 184 Jul 01, 2016

Despite widespread recognition of the importance of all tourism stakeholders adopting sustainability attitudes and practices, with a huge descriptive and prescriptive literature highlighting ‘best practice’, things seem to be getting worse....

Author: Larry Dwyer & Verity Anne Greenwood 

Year: 2016 

399 Think Tank XVI Polar bears, Climate Change, CSR and Sustainable Tourism 184 Jul 02, 2016

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Author: Jeremy Pearce 

Year: 2016 

398 Think Tank XVII Lack of transparency - a barrier for the diffusion of ... file 184 Aug 17, 2017

Throughout the last two decades, the tourism industry has changed due to the revolutionary development in the realm of information and communication technologies (ICT) (Amaro & Duate, 2013; Law et al., 2004; Minghetti & Buhalis, 2010...

Author: Sven-Olaf Gerdt, Elisa Wagner & Gerhard Schewe 

Year: 2017 

397 Think Tank XVI eTraining for Sustainable Tourism: Investing in Skills... file 186 Jul 01, 2016

This proposed presentation examines the current state of “eTraining” opportunities (e.g. distance learning programs, online courses, live seminars) supporting professional skills development for tourism professionals, with a particular focu...

Author: Ayako Ezaki 

Year: 2016 

396 Think Tank XVII Making hotel guests voluntarily waive daily room cleaning file 187 Aug 17, 2017

Tourism is the fourth largest economic contributor globally and outperforms the growth of the world economy (United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO), 2013). But tourism growth comes at a cost. Not surprisingly, therefore, tourism i...

Author: Sara Dolnicar & Ljubica Knezevic Cvelbar & Bettina Grun 

Year: 2017 

395 Think Tank XVI Responsible High Performance Sport Travel – Opportunit... file 193 Jul 02, 2016

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Author: Kerstin Heuwinkel 

Year: 2016 

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