Author : Limpho Lekaota & Jarkko Saarined
School/Work Place : Vaal University of Technology, South Africa & University of Oulu, Finland
Contact :
Year : 2015

In order to maximize the benefits and minimize the costs, rural communities should be able to participate actively in all aspects of tourism, including planning and management. The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the local communities’ participation in rural tourism development utilizing mixed method. Survey and interview materials from local rural communities and local authorities (nature reserve managers, tourism officers, environmental/conservation officers and Conservation Committee Forum members) in the Katse and Mohale Tourism Development Area of Lesotho. Non-probability, purposive and convenience sampling approaches were used to gather the data. The study was conducted in three villages adjacent to the T’sehlanyane Nature Reserve - Ha ‘Mali, Bokong Nature Reserve -Ha Lejone and Liphofung Nature Reserve - Phelandaba.

The information gathered was used to formulate a model of the elements influencing rural tourism benefit-sharing processes in rural local community contexts. Such model could be beneficial as without a strong emphasis on local benefit-sharing, Lesotho people, especially in the rural areas, would probably not receive the potential benefits of tourism development in the future. Such a model would support communities’ participation in tourism development, leading to sustainability of resources in rural tourism.

Ha ‘Mali and Ha Lejone respondents recognized community members’ participation but the Phelandaba respondents generally disagreed that the communities were involved in planning, as they indicated not being consulted in any planning about tourism. Respondents from all three villages would prefer greater involvement and decision-making power in the management of tourism.

The study concludes that government should not merely construct conservation and tourism development areas but should also empower local communities to participate in all stages of planning, development and management. Involving community members in as well as formulating supporting tourism regulations, implementation, monitoring and evaluation procedures would be beneficial for sustainable rural tourism development.

List of Articles
No. Subject Viewssort Date
202 Think Tank XVIII The role of tourism associations in supporting sustain... file 696 Jan 07, 2019

Key words: tourism association, inclusive development, tourism marketing

Author: Niki Glen & Kevin Mearns 

Year: 2018 

201 Think Tank XVIII Sustainable tourism products and services: development... file 728 Jan 07, 2019

Key words: sustainable urban tourism, urban regeneration, precincts, Johannesburg Maboneng

Author: Felicite A Fairer-Wessels & Emma J Pearse 

Year: 2018 

200 Think Tank XVIII Connecting through Stories: Adapting Communication to ... file 829 Jan 07, 2019

Key words: story-telling, landscapes, interpretation, sustainable tourism experiences

Author: Gianna Moscardo & Karen Hughes 

Year: 2018 

199 Think Tank XVIII The role of research-based evidence in destination mar... file 833 Jan 07, 2019

Key words: marketing, research-based evidence, partnership, rural tourism, city tourism, sustainability

Author: Yukari Higuchi, Yasuhiro Yamanaka & Hiroaki Hoshi 

Year: 2018 

198 Think Tank XVIII SMTE’s use of SoMe and Sustainability file 839 Jan 07, 2019

Key words: SoMe, Small medium sized tourism enterprises (SMTE’s), Sustainability, Tourism.

Author: Ida Marie Visbech Andersen 

Year: 2018 

197 Think Tank XV Rural renewal or requiem? Establishing new creative ve... file 850 Jul 27, 2015

During the past decades, concern for rural poverty and underdevelopment of the rural communities of Namibia has been central to government development efforts. This has further given rise to several rural development programmes. While, some ...

Author: Erling Kavita 

Year: 2015 

196 Think Tank XVIII Socially Inclusive Holidays with Sighted Guiding: Moti... file 876 Jan 07, 2019

Key words: inclusive tourism, visual impairment, sighted guiding, motivation

Author: Kristof Tomej 

Year: 2018 

195 Think Tank XVIII Certification as a tool to identify sustainable touris... file 967 Jan 07, 2019

Key words: Sustainable Tourism Products, Sustainable tourism certification schemes, Certification

Author: Martin Balas & Wolfgang Strasdas 

Year: 2018 

194 Think Tank XV Why Africans do not visit their national parks: A case... file 1018 Jul 27, 2015

Present-day Western approaches relating to nature and natural resources management assume that humans are independent from the natural world (Pierotti & Wildcat, 2000). Protected areas such as Yellowstone National Park were created with ...

Author: Lesego S. Stone & Gyan P. Nyaupane 

Year: 2015 

193 Think Tank XV A novel review approach on adventure tourism scholarship file 1094 Jul 24, 2015

As a niche market, adventure tourism has been developing rapidly in many regions and territories, evidenced by increasing number of participants and intensive growth of adventure tourism products (Adventure Travel Trade Association, 2013; T...

Author: Mingming Chen, Deborah Edward, Simon Darcy 

Year: 2015 

192 Think Tank XVIII Defining Small Accommodation Establishments: employing... file 1353 Jan 07, 2019

Key words: small accommodation, sustainable tourism, business models

Author: Niki Glen & Kevin Mearns 

Year: 2018 

191 Think Tank XVIII Indigenous destination development: Nudging key player... file 1475 Jan 07, 2019

Key words: Key players, sustainable tourism impact, tourism planning

Author: Astrid Frischknecht, Celiane Camargo-Borges & Celeste Wilderom 

Year: 2018 

» Think Tank XV Perceptions of local communities participation in rura... file 1657 Jul 27, 2015

In order to maximize the benefits and minimize the costs, rural communities should be able to participate actively in all aspects of tourism, including planning and management. The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the local communit...

Author: Limpho Lekaota & Jarkko Saarined 

Year: 2015 

189 Think Tank XV Enhancing stakeholders’ participation for sustainable ... file 1705 Jul 27, 2015

Tourism is a fragile industry with multiple stakeholders. Globally, the desire of its stakeholders is to gain more benefits and eliminate negative impacts on resources that support the industry, particularly in protected areas (PAs) such as ...

Author: Richie Wandwi 

Year: 2015 

188 Think Tank XV A modified value chainanalysisoftourism development in... file 1808 Jul 27, 2015

Tourism development in a relatively unknown country is faced with various challenges. The difficulty is not only choosing an appropriate tourism development strategy but also managing it in a complex sociocultural, economic and political env...

Author: Sonja Frommenwiler & Péter Varga 

Year: 2015 

OPA: Runner Up Outstanding Paper Award 

187 Think Tank X Knowledge Economies, Knowledge Making, Complexity Theo... file 1851 Oct 13, 2013

This paper narrates processes associated with the development of microtourism enterprises as one part of a broader organically determined sustainable development agenda in a north eastern coastal village in Bali. The paper’s narrative is co...

Author: Gayle Jennings 

Year: 2010 

186 Think Tank VII Innovation in Tourism Education: Building the Capacity... file 1905 Oct 13, 2013

This paper will present the findings of a recent Summit on the Future of Tourism Education held in April 2007 in Austria. The summit's goal is to identify future societal, economic, environmental, political and technological trends from 201...

Author: Pauline Sheldon 

Year: 2007 

185 Think Tank XV Conserving biodiversity as tourism (including wildlife... 2020 Jul 27, 2015

Governments throughout Australia and elsewhere recognise that tourism is an important sector of the economy, and are encouraging its growth in a variety of ways, some more environmentally sound than others. This papers presents not the resul...

Author: Ronda J Green 

Year: 2015 

184 Think Tank XII Evaluation of the accessibility of Monterrey's Tourism... file 2097 Nov 06, 2013

Despite several declarations, policies and regulations that seek to protect their rights, people with disabilities still encounter several constrains that impede their full participation in society, and, in particular, their access to and en...

Author: Blanca A. Camargo, Isabel Sánchez, Fátima Guajardo & Alejandro García 

Year: 2012 

183 Think Tank IX Recreation Specialisation and Destination Image: A cas... file 2146 Oct 13, 2013

Papua New Guinea (PNG) should be to Australia what Costa Rica and Belize are to the USA – a proximate and successful tourist destination that attracts sustainable numbers of tourists drawn to the extraordinary diversity of endemic wildlife,...

Author: Kevin Lyons, Kevin Markwell & Patricia Johnson 

Year: 2009